Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details

Environmental and Climate Technologies

The Journal of Riga Technical University

1 Issue per year

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.219
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.226
Impact per Publication (IPP) 2015: 0.365

Open Access
See all formats and pricing

Mājsaimniecību Ietekme uz Klimatu Latvijā: Oglekļa Pēdas Rādītājs

J. Brizga
  • Faculty of Economics and Management, University of Latvia, Raiņa bulv. 19-416, LV-1586, Riga, Latvia
/ I. Kudreņickis
  • Faculty of Economics and Management, University of Latvia, Raiņa bulv. 19-416, LV-1586, Riga, Latvia
Published Online: 2010-03-26 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10145-009-0004-9

Mājsaimniecību Ietekme uz Klimatu Latvijā: Oglekļa Pēdas Rādītājs

People more and more recognize climate change as one of the main environmental problems and the term ‘carbon footprint’ (CF) has become popular and is now in widespread use. In this paper, the CF concept has been applied to analyse average per capita household Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions in Latvia. We explore household CF in housing (heating and electricity consumption), transport, food and goods and service sectors, which are the main household environmental pressure areas. This paper provides an understanding of both direct and indirect (embodied) GHG emissions. Results from the study suggest that the average Latvian exceeds its global fair share of GHG emissions - the average per capita GHG in 2006 was 4.35 t CO2e. The highest household emissions arise from housing (37%), mobility (26%) and food consumption (25%), goods and services together account only for 12% of total household GHG emissions. This study, however, does not cover capital investments in infrastructure (roads, public buildings etc.) which could increase total emission by almost a ton. The study emphasizes that attention must be paid to the lifestyles, infrastructure and institutions that result in considerable amounts of carbon being locked up in the household activities through which people meet their everyday needs. The findings also indicate that policies should be targeted at the segments in society responsible for the highest carbon footprints, ie. housing, food and mobility.

Keywords: carbon dioxide emissions; carbon footprint; consumption patterns; households; indirect carbon emissions

  • Wiedmann, T., Minx, J. (2007) A Definitionof ‘Carbon Footprint’, available at www.isaresearch.co.uk

  • Wiedmann, T., Minx, J., Barrett, J., Wackernagel, M. (2006) Allocating ecological footprints to final consumption categories with input-output analysis, Ecological Economics 56(1): 28-48. [Crossref]

  • Lenzen, M. (2001) Errors in Conventional and Input-Output-based Life-Cycle Inventories, Journal of Industrial Ecology 4(4): 127-148.

  • Tukker, A. and Jansen, B. (2006) Environmental impacts of products: A detailed review of studies, Journal of Industrial Ecology 10(3): 159., available at http://www.wg-mes.com/JIE_IOA.pdf http://www.wg-mes.com/JIE_IOA.pdf [Crossref]

  • Heijungs, R. and Suh, S. (2006) Reformulation of matrix-based LCI: from product balance to process balance, Journal of Cleaner Production 14(1): 47-51. [Crossref]

  • Suh, S., Lenzen, M., Treloar, G. J., Hondo, H., Horvath, A., Huppes, G., Jolliet, O., Klann, U., Krewitt, W., Moriguchi, Y., Munksgaard, J. and Norris, G. (2004) System boundary selection in life-cycle inventories using hybrid approaches". Environmental Science & Technology 38(3): 657-664. [Crossref]

  • Jackson, T., E. Papathanasopoulou, P. Bradley and A. Druckman (2007) Attributing UK Carbon Emissions to Functional Consumer Needs: methodology and pilot results. RESOLVE Working Paper 01-07, University of Surrey http://www.surrey.ac.uk/resolve/PDFs/RESOLVE%20WP%2001-07.pdf

  • Carbon Trust (2006) The carbon emissionsgenerated in all that we consume. London, UK, Carbon Trust.

  • Peters, G. and E. Hertwich (2004) Productionfactors and Pollution Embodied in Trade: Theoretical Development. Norway, IndEcol, NTNU.

  • Road Traffic Safety Directorate http://www.csdd.lv/?pageID=1074852248

  • Nemry, F., Leduc, G., Mongelli, I., Uihlein, A. (2008) Environmental Improvement of Passenger Cars (IMPRO-car), JRC, Luxembourg, available at http://ec.europa.eu/environment/ipp/pdf/jrc_report.pdf

  • Chester, M. V., Horvath, A. (2009) Environmental assessment of passenger transportation should include infrastructure and supply chains. Environ. Res. Lett. 4 024008 doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/4/2/024008 [Crossref] [Web of Science]

  • Latvia's statistical office http://data.csb.gov.lv

  • Melece, L., (2007) Pārtikas un lauksaimniecības produktu bilance, patēriņš, tā struktūra un uzturvērtība Latvijā no 2003. līdz 2005. gadam un prognoze 2007. - 2013. gadam starptautisko saistību izpildei un uzraudzības programmu izstrādei, Rīga

  • Foster, C., Green, K., Bleda, M., Dewick, P., Evans, B., Flynn, A., Mylana, J. (2006) Environmental impacts of food production and consumption: A report to the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. Manchester Business School. Defra, London.

  • Nielsen, P., Nielsen, A. M., Weidema, B. P., Dalgaard, R., Halberg, N. (2003) LCA food database www.lcafood.dk

  • Wallen, A., Brandt, N., Wennersten, R. (2004) Does the Swedish consumer's choice of food influence greenhouse gas emissions? Environmental Science & Policy 7 (2004) 525-535 [Crossref]

  • Carlsson-Kanyama, A., Ekstro, M., P., Shanahan, H. (2002) Food and life cycle energy inputs: consequences of diet and ways to increase efficiency, Ecological Economics 00 (2003) 1 /15.

  • Eshel, G., Martin, P. (2005) Diet, Energy and Global Warming, Earth Interactions.

  • Construction, Energy and Housing State Agency (2008) "Latvian Energy in Figures", Riga.

  • Jones, C. M., Kammen, D. M., McGrath, D. T. (2008) Consumer-oriented Life Cycle Assessment of Food. Goods and Services, University of California.

  • Rose, B. J. (2006) GHG-Energy Calc - a Tool for Self-audit of Domestic Greenhouse Gas Emissions.

  • Meinshausen, M. (2005) On the Risk of Overshooting 2°C. Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH Zurich), Environmental Physics, Department of Environmental Sciences, available at http://www.stabilisation2005.com/14_Malte_Meinshausen.pdf

  • Meinshausen, M. (2007) Human Development Report 2007/2008, UNEP, available at http://originhdr.undp.org/en/reports/global/hdr2007-2008/papers/Meinshausen_Malte.pdf

  • IPCC (2007) Summary for Policymakers. In: Climate Change (2007): The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change; IPCC, Climate Change (2007): Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability Working Group II Contribution to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fourth Assessment Report Summary for Policymakers and IPCC, Summary for Policymakers IPCC Fourth Assessment Report, Working Group III - www.ipcc.ch

  • Sharan, A. (2009) The potential impacts of a cap and share on the United States of America, availableat http://www.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in/files/Apr-09-Sharan-india.pdf

Published Online: 2010-03-26

Published in Print: 2009-01-01

Citation Information: Scientific Journal of Riga Technical University. Environmental and Climate Technologies. Volume 3, Issue 3, Pages 34–40, ISSN (Print) 1691-5208, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10145-009-0004-9, March 2010

This content is open access.

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.