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Environmental and Climate Technologies

The Journal of Riga Technical University

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CiteScore 2016: 1.78

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Precipitation and Air Temperature Impact on Seasonal Variations of Groundwater Levels

Ilva Vitola / Valdis Vircavs / Kaspars Abramenko / Didzis Lauva / Arturs Veinbergs
Published Online: 2013-01-29 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10145-012-0022-x


The aim of this study is to clarify seasonal effects of precipitation and temperature on groundwater level changes in monitoring stations of the Latvia University of Agriculture - Mellupīte, Bērze and Auce. Groundwater regime and level fluctuations depend on climatic conditions such as precipitation intensity, evapotranspiration, surface runoff and drainage, as well as other hydrological factors. The relationship between precipitation, air temperature and groundwater level fluctuations could also lead and give different perspective of possible changes in groundwater quality. Using mathematical statistics and graphic-analytic methods it is concluded that autumn and winter precipitation has the dominant impact on groundwater level fluctuations, whereas spring and summer season fluctuations are more dependent on the air temperature.

Keywords: air temperature; groundwater level; precipitation intensity; seasonal variations

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About the article

Ilva Vitola

Ilva Vitola, Mg.sc.ing., Laboratory assistant, Department of Environmental Engineering and Water Management, Latvia University of Agriculture (LLU). Master of engineering in hydroengineering LUA, 2012. Master thesis “The analysis of installation options for environmentally – friendly hydropower stations without the dam on rivers in Latvia”. Research interests: groundwater seasonal fluctuations. Address: Akademijas Street 19, LV-3001, Jelgava, Latvia Phone: +371 26106071

Valdis Vircavs

Valdis Vircavs, Mg.sc.geol. is a lecturer in Latvia University of Agriculture, Faculty of Rural Engineering, Department of Environmental Engineering and Water Management, second year PhD student and scientific researcher in ESF project. He was involved in international and national projects: EU Co-financed BONUS program RECOCA, National research program 7/06- VP8., LLU (Latvia University of Agriculture) ZP 07-78 and from 2009-2012. 2009/0212/1DP/ F7 “Establishment of interdisciplinary scientist group and modelling system for groundwater research”. Scientific field of interests are groundwater quality and quantity, regime of groundwater table, interaction between stream water, drainage and groundwater. Phone: +371 63029908; +371 29418944

Kaspars Abramenko

Kaspars Abramenko, Mg.sc.ing, lecturer, Faculty of Rural Engineering, Latvia University of Agriculture. Since 2000 he is among the academic staff in the department of Environmental Engineering and Water Management. In 2002 he graduated MSc studies on Environmental Engineering Science. Experience of 13 years research in agricultural impact assessment on water bodies and water quality modeling is connected to his PhD thesis „Agricultural diffuse source pollution in Latvia”. He mainly deals with multi scale agricultural run-off monitoring data collection in Latvia to estimate pollution source apportionment within rive basins. As a scientist he is involved in national water monitoring programmes and international research projects BEAROP, BSRP, COST, RECOCA concerning nutrient losses from agricultural land. Since 2010 he participates in the ESF project „Establishment of interdisciplinary scientist group and modeling system for groundwater research”. Phone: +371 63029908

Didzis Lauva

Didzis Lauva, Mg.sc., Researcher and independent consultant, Faculty of Rural Engineering, Latvia University of Agriculture since 2010. Has two masters degrees; in physics, focusing on vision science (2008, Faculty of Physics and Mathematics, University of Latvia) and in geography (2011, Faculty of Geography and Earth Sciences, University of Latvia). Previous work experience covers wide subjects where critical analythics, programming, planning, management and decision making were necessary; has worked as assistant in Institute of Solid State Physics, previously as engineer and dispatcher in public transport company “Rigas Satiksme”. Current work assignments includes groundwater regime and time series analysis with focus on programming and modelling, geoinformatics and data analysis. Member of European Geosciences Union (EGU). Phone: +371 29945987

Arturs Veinbergs

Arturs Veinbergs, Mg.sc.ing., Assistant, Department of Environmental Engineering and Water Management, Latvia University of Agriculture (LLU). Master of engineering in environmental engineering LUA, 2012. Master thesis “Influence of Groundwater Fluctuations on Nitrate Nitrogen Runoff in Open Channels”. Publications: author/co-author of 9 scientific papers. Research interests: water quality modelling, groundwater monitoring in Latvia. Address: 19 Akademijas street, LV-3001, Jelgava, Latvia Phone: +371 63029908

Published Online: 2013-01-29

Published in Print: 2012-12-01

Citation Information: Scientific Journal of Riga Technical University. Environmental and Climate Technologies, ISSN (Online) 2255-8845, ISSN (Print) 1691-5208, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10145-012-0022-x.

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