Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Scientia Agriculturae Bohemica

The Journal of Czech University of Life Sciences Prague

4 Issues per year


CiteScore 2016: 0.78

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.398
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.688

Open Access
Online
ISSN
1805-9430
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Effect of Feeding with Algae on Fatty Acid Profile of Goat’S Milk

L. Kouřimská
  • Corresponding author
  • Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural Resources, Prague, Czech Republic
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ E. Vondráčková
  • Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural Resources, Prague, Czech Republic
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ M. Fantová
  • Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural Resources, Prague, Czech Republic
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ P. Nový
  • Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural Resources, Prague, Czech Republic
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ L. Nohejlová
  • Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural Resources, Prague, Czech Republic
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ K. Michnová
  • Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural Resources, Prague, Czech Republic
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2014-11-25 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/sab-2014-0103

Abstract

The study was conducted to determine whether the inclusion of algae Chlorella vulgaris in dairy goats’ diets would change the fatty acid profile and increase the proportion of unsaturated fatty acids in goat’s milk. White short-haired dairy goats on 2nd and 3rd lactations were fed 5 and 10 g of dried algae supplementation for six weeks. The fatty acids profile of milk was analyzed using gass chromatography (flame ionization detector (FID)). The addition of dried algae caused changes of the profile of fatty acids in the milk. The more algae were added to the diet, the greater the changes in the fatty acids profile of milk were found. A statistically significant effect (P = 0.0390) was found between the control group and the group supplemented with 10 g of Chlorella vulgaris per goat per day. The greatest effect of dietary treatment was seen in the relative reduction of palmitic acid content and increased oleic, linoleic, and linolenic acids content. Results suggested that the addition of algae also increased the nutritional quality of goat’s milk. There was a positive change in the ratio of SFA:MUFA:PUFA in terms of reducing the proportion of saturated fatty acids, as well as a change in the ratio of n-6 and n-3 PUFAs

Keywords: white shorthaired goat; nutritional value; saturated fatty acids; unsaturated fatty acids; Chlorella vulgaris

References

  • Alferez MJM, Barrionuevo M, Aliaga IL, Sanz-Sampelayo MR, Lisbona F, Robles JC, Campos MS (2001): Digestive utilization of goat and cow milk fat in malabsorption syndrome. Journal of Dairy Research, 68, 451-461. doi: 10.1017/S0022029901004903.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Antunac N, Havránek JL, Samaržija D (2001): Ef fect of breeds on chemical composition of goat milk. Czech Journal of Animal Science, 46, 268-274.Google Scholar

  • AOAC Official Method 996.06 (2000): Fat (total, saturated, and unsaturated) in foods. Official methods of analysis of AOAC International, Revision 1, Chapter 41. 17th Ed. AOAC International, Gaithersburg, 20-24.Google Scholar

  • Baer RJ, Ryali J, Schingoethe DJ, Kasperson KM, Donovan DC, Hippen AR, Franklin ST (2001): Composition and properties of milk and butter from cows fed fish oil. Journal of Dairy Science, 84, 345-353. doi: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(01)74483-9.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Berner LA (1993): Round table discussion on milkfat, dairy foods, and coronary heart-disease risk. Journal of Nutrition, 123, 1175-1184.Google Scholar

  • Bourre JM (2005): Where to find omega-3 fatty acids and how feeding animals with diet enriched in omega-3 fatty acids to increase nutritional value of derived products for human: what is actually useful? The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, 9, 232-242.Google Scholar

  • Cant JP, Fredeen AH, MacIntyre T, Gunn J, Crowe N (1997): Effect of fish oil and monensin on milk composition in dairy cows. Canadian Journal of Animal Science, 77, 125-131. doi: 10.4141/A95-125.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Cattaneo D, Dell’Orto V, Varisco G, Agazzi A, Savoini G (2006): Enrichment in n-3 fatty acids of goat’s colostrum and milk by maternal fish oil supplementation. Small Ruminant Research, 64, 22 29.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Chichlowski MW, Schroeder JW, Park CS, Keller WL, Schimek DE (2005): Altering the fatty acids in milk fat by including canola seed in dairy cattle diets. Journal of Dairy Science, 88, 3084-3094. doi: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(05)72990-8.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Chilliard Y, Ferlay A, Rouel J, Lamberett G (2003): A review of nutritional and physiological factors affecting goat’s milk lipid synthesis and lypolysis. Journal of Dairy Science, 86, 1751-1770. Chow CK (2000): Fatty acids in foods and their health implications. Marcel Dekker, New York.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Czauderna M, Kowalczyk J, Michalski JP (2010): Effect of a protein level in the diet on fatty acid profile in goat milk. Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences, 19, 211-217.Google Scholar

  • Donovan DC, Schingoethe DJ, Baer RJ, Ryali J, Hippen AR, Franklin ST (2000): Influence of dietary fish oil on conjugated linoleic acid and other fatty acids in milk fat from lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 83, 2620-2628. doi: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(00)75155-1.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Doreau M, Chilliard Y (1997): Effects of ruminal or postruminal fish oil supplementation on intake and digestion in dairy cows. Reproduction Nutrition Development, 37, 113-124. doi: 10.1051/rnd:19970112.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Doucha J (1998): Program Chlorella in the Czech Republic. Institute of Microbiology of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Třeboň. (in Czech) Doucha J, Lívanský K (2012): Production of high-density Chlorella culture grown in fermenters. Journal of Applied Phycology, 24, 35-43. doi: 10.1007/s10811-010-9643-2.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Foster R, Williamson CS, Lunn J (2009): Culinary oils and their health effects. Nutrition Bulletin, 1, 4-47.Google Scholar

  • Franklin ST, Martin KR, Baer RJ, Schingoethe DJ, Hippen AR (1999): Dietary marine algae (Schizochytrium sp.) increases concentrations of conjugated linoleic, docosahexaenoic and transvaccenic acids in milk of dairy cows. Journal of Nutrition, 129, 2048-2054.Google Scholar

  • Görs M, Schumann R, Hepperle D, Karsten U (2010): Quality analysis of commercial Chlorella products used as dietary supplement in human nutrition. Journal of Applied Phycology, 22, 265-276. doi: 10.1007/s10811-009-9455-4.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Haenlein GFW (2004): Goat’s milk in human nutrition. Small Ruminant Research, 51, 155-163.Google Scholar

  • Hardman WE (2002): Omega-3 fatty acids to augment cancer therapy. Journal of Nutrition, 132, 3508S-3512S. Google Scholar

  • ISO 2446:2008 (IDF 226: 2008). Milk - Determination of fat content. International Organization for Standardization, Geneva. Google Scholar

  • ISO 15884:2002 (IDF 182: 2002). Milk fat - Preparation of fatty acid methyl esters. International Organization for Standardization, Geneva.Google Scholar

  • Jandal JM (1996): Comparative aspects of goat and sheep milk. Small Ruminant Research, 22, 177-185.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Jones EL, Shingfield KJ, Kohen C, Jones AK, Lupoli B, Grandison AS, Beever DE, Wilyams CM, Calder PC, Yaqoob P (2005): Chemical, physical, and sensory properties of dairy products enriched with conjugated linoleic acid. Journal of Dairy Science, 88, 2923-2937. doi: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(05)72973-8.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Keady TWJ, Mayne CS, Fitzpatrick DA (2000): Effects of supplementation of dairy cattle with fish oil on silage intake, milk yield and milk composition. Journal of Dairy Research, 67, 137-153. doi: 10.1017/S0022029900004180.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Kennelly JJ, Bell JA, Keating AF, Doepel L (2005): Nutrition as a tool to alter milk composition. Advances in Dairy Technology, 17, 255-275.Google Scholar

  • Kitessa SM, Gulati SK, Ashes JR, Fleck E, Scott TW, Nichols PD (2001): Utilisation of fish oil in ruminants - II. Transfer of fish oil fatty acids into goats’ milk. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 89, 201-208.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Lee YK (2001): Microalgal mass culture systems and methods: their limitation and potential. Journal of Applied Phycology, 13, 307-315.Google Scholar

  • Masojídek J, Prášil O (2010): The development of microalgal biotechnology in the Czech Republic. J ournal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology, 37, 1307-1317.Google Scholar

  • Noakes M, Nestel PJ, Clifton PM (1996): Modifying the fatty acid profile of dairy products through feedlot technology lowers plasma cholesterol of humans consuming the products. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 63, 42-46.Google Scholar

  • Nudda A, Battacone G, Usai MG, Fancellu S, Pulina G (2006): Supplementation with extruded linseed cake affects concentrations of conjugated linoleic acid and vaccenic acid in goat milk. Journal of Dairy Science, 89, 277-282. doi: 10.3168/ jds.S0022-0302(06)72092-6.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Or-Rashid MM, Kramer JKG, Wood MA, McBride BW (2008): Supplemental algal meal alters the ruminal trans-18:1 fatty acid and conjugated linoleic acid composition in cattle. Journal of Animal Science, 86, 187-196. doi: 10.2527/ jas.2007-0085.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Ötleş S, Pire R (2001): Fatty acid composition of Chlorella and Spirulina microalgae species. Journal of AOAC International, 84, 708-714. Google Scholar

  • Papadopoulos G, Goulas C, Apostolaki E, Abril R (2002): Effects of dietary supplements of algae, containing polyunsaturated fatty acids, on milk yield and the composition of milk products in dairy ewes. Journal of Dairy Research, 69, 357-365. doi: 10.1017/S0022029902005599.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Park YW, Juárez M, Ramos M, Haenlein GFW (2007): Physico- chemical characteristics of goat and sheep milk. Small Ruminant Research, 68, 88-113. doi: 10.1016/j.smallrumres. 2006.09.013.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Pauwels EKJ, Kostkiewicz M (2010): The Mediterranean diet, part IV: A diet for obesity or food for fat? Drugs of the Future, 35, 121-128.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Petkov G, Garcia G (2007): Which are fatty acids of the green alga Chlorella? Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, 35, 281-285. doi: 10.1016/j.bse.2006.10.017.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Rasoul-Amini S, Ghasemi Y, Morowvat MH, Mohagheghzadeh A (2009): PCR amplification of 18S rRNA, single cell protein production and fatty acid evaluation of some naturally isolated microalgae. Food Chemistry, 116, 129-136. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2009.02.025.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Reynolds M (2009): The nutritional benefits of goat’s milk. Dairy Goat Journal, 87, 23-24.Google Scholar

  • Samková E, Pešek M, Špička J, Pelikánová T, Hanuš O (2009): The effect of feeding diets markedly differing in the proportion of grass and maize silages on bovine milk fat composition. Czech Journal of Animal Science, 54, 93-100.Google Scholar

  • Shingfield KJ, Reynolds CK, Hervás G, Griinari JM, Grandson AS, Beever DE (2006): Examination of the persistency of milk fatty acid composition responses to fish oil and sunflower oil in the diet of dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 89, 714-732. doi: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(06)72134-8.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Simopoulos AP (1999): Essential fatty acids in health and chronic disease. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 70, 560S-569S.Google Scholar

  • Toral PG, Belenguer A, Shingfield KJ, Hervas G, Toivonen V, Frutos P (2012): Fatty acid composition and bacterial community changes in the rumen fluid of lactating sheep fed sunflower oil plus incremental levels of marine algae. Journal of Dairy Science, 95, 794-806. doi: 10.3168/jds.2011-4561.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Vahmani P (2013): Effect of supplementation with fish oil or microalgae on milk fatty acid composition and lipogenic gene expression in cows managed in confinement or pasture systems. Dalhousie University Halifax, Nova Scotia.Google Scholar

  • Williams CM (2000): Dietary fatty acids and human health. Annales de Zootechnie, 49, 165-180. doi: 10.1051/animres: 2000116. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

About the article

Received: 2014-05-07

Accepted: 2013-07-10

Published Online: 2014-11-25

Published in Print: 2014-09-01


Citation Information: Scientia Agriculturae Bohemica, ISSN (Online) 1805-9430, ISSN (Print) 1211-3174, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/sab-2014-0103.

Export Citation

© 2014. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
Julio E. Vargas, Sonia Andrés, Timothy J. Snelling, Lorena López-Ferreras, David R. Yáñez-Ruíz, Carlos García-Estrada, and Secundino López
Frontiers in Microbiology, 2017, Volume 8
[2]
E. Tsiplakou, M. A. M. Abdullah, A. Mavrommatis, M. Chatzikonstantinou, D. Skliros, K. Sotirakoglou, E. Flemetakis, N. E. Labrou, and G. Zervas
Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, 2017
[3]
E. Tsiplakou, M. A. M. Abdullah, D. Skliros, M. Chatzikonstantinou, E. Flemetakis, N. Labrou, and G. Zervas
Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, 2017, Volume 101, Number 2, Page 275

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in