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Scientia Agriculturae Bohemica

The Journal of Czech University of Life Sciences Prague

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1805-9430
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Deformation Curve Characteristics of Rapeseeds and Sunflower Seeds Under Compression Loading

M. Divišová / D. Herák / A. Kabutey / V. Šleger / R. Sigalingging / T. Svatoňová
Published Online: 2014-11-25 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/sab-2014-0106

Abstract

The deformation curve characteristics of rapeseeds and sunflower seeds compressed using the equipment ZDM 50-2313/56/18 and varying vessel diameters (40, 60, 80, and 100 mm) were investigated. Maximum compressive force of 100 kN was applied on bulk oilseeds of rape and sunflower of measured height 20-80 mm and deformed at a speed of 60 mm∙min-1. The compression test using the vessel diameters of 40 and 60 mm showed a serration effect while the vessel diameters of 80 and 100 mm indicated an increasing function effect on the force-deformation characteristic curves. Clearly, the increasing function effect described the region with oil flow and that of serration effect described the region without any oil flow. However, it was observed that the serration effect could be due to the higher compressive stress inside the smaller vessel diameters (40 and 60 mm) compared to those with bigger vessel diameters (80 and 100 mm). Parameters such as deformation, deformation energy, and energy density were determined from the force-deformation curves dependency showing both increasing function and serration effect. The findings of the study provide useful information for the determination of specific compressive force and energy requirements for extracting maximum oil from oilseed crops such as rape and sunflower.

Keywords: oilseed crops; vessel diameters; increasing function; serration effect

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About the article

Received: 2013-07-04

Accepted: 2014-04-08

Published Online: 2014-11-25

Published in Print: 2014-09-01


Citation Information: Scientia Agriculturae Bohemica, ISSN (Online) 1805-9430, ISSN (Print) 1211-3174, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/sab-2014-0106.

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© 2014. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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R. Sigalingging, D. Herák, A. Kabutey, M. Čestmír, and M. Divišová
Scientia Agriculturae Bohemica, 2015, Volume 45, Number 4

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