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Statistical Applications in Genetics and Molecular Biology

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Fast Identification of Biological Pathways Associated with a Quantitative Trait Using Group Lasso with Overlaps

Matt Silver1 / Giovanni Montana2 / Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative3

1Imperial College London

2Imperial College London


Citation Information: Statistical Applications in Genetics and Molecular Biology. Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 1–43, ISSN (Online) 1544-6115, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2202/1544-6115.1755, January 2012

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Where causal SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphisms) tend to accumulate within biological pathways, the incorporation of prior pathways information into a statistical model is expected to increase the power to detect true associations in a genetic association study. Most existing pathways-based methods rely on marginal SNP statistics and do not fully exploit the dependence patterns among SNPs within pathways.We use a sparse regression model, with SNPs grouped into pathways, to identify causal pathways associated with a quantitative trait. Notable features of our “pathways group lasso with adaptive weights” (P-GLAW) algorithm include the incorporation of all pathways in a single regression model, an adaptive pathway weighting procedure that accounts for factors biasing pathway selection, and the use of a bootstrap sampling procedure for the ranking of important pathways. P-GLAW takes account of the presence of overlapping pathways and uses a novel combination of techniques to optimise model estimation, making it fast to run, even on whole genome datasets.In a comparison study with an alternative pathways method based on univariate SNP statistics, our method demonstrates high sensitivity and specificity for the detection of important pathways, showing the greatest relative gains in performance where marginal SNP effect sizes are small.

Keywords: pathways; GWAs; quantitative traits; group lasso; penalised regression; Alzheimer's disease; imaging genetics

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