Northern European Journal of Philosophy
Editor-in-Chief: Addis, Mark / Hämäläinen, Nora / Pedersen, Esther Oluffa / Westphal, Kenneth R.
Managing Editor: Pedersen, Esther Oluffa
Together with Niknam, Arman Teymouri
CiteScore 2018: 0.12
SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.101
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.059
The paper deals with an analogy between two philosophical positions: (1) the kind of methodological solipsism associated with Carnapian logical positivism and, more generally, with the entire post-Cartesian tradition in epistemology and in the philosophy of mind and language, and (2) the more socially oriented, late-Wittgensteinian philosophy of language, which constitutes the background of several influential philosophical treatments of the conditions of understanding human cultures and social forms of life. In the latter, the solipsistic “I”, the locus of all experience and meaning, is replaced by a social subject, “we”, but the position remains methodologically solipsistic, since experiences and meanings are still created from a first person point of view, on the basis of what is “given” to the (social) subject. The solipsism issue turns out to be fundamentally relevant to some basic concerns in the philosophy of science and of the social sciences, because even pragmatic and constructivist currents based on Wittgenstein's later work employ solipsistic methodological assumptions.