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Northern European Journal of Philosophy

Editor-in-Chief: Addis, Mark / Hämäläinen, Nora / Pedersen, Esther Oluffa / Westphal, Kenneth R.

Managing Editor: Pedersen, Esther Oluffa

Together with Niknam, Arman Teymouri

CiteScore 2018: 0.12

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.101
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.059

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Volume 13, Issue 2


Pantheismus und Pantheismuskritik in Schellings Freiheitsschrift

Sören Wulf
Published Online: 2012-12-18 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/sats-2012-0008


The first part of Schelling’s Freedom Essay offers an extensive discussion of pantheism and its compatibility with human freedom. Schelling defends pantheism in general and Spinoza in particular against charges, raised by critics like Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi, who maintains that any rational philosophical system necessarily ends up as fatalism. Schelling, on the contrary, shows that freedom and pantheism can and must combined. This article investigates into Schelling’s understanding and transformation of pantheism in his Freedom Essay. It follows the explicit and implicit traces of Spinoza’s philosophy in Schellings thought and tries to show, how Schelling, challenged by the problem of evil, moves beyond Spinoza. Nevertheless it also argues that immanence remains crucial to Schelling’s ontology and his concept of freedom.

Keywords: Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling; Baruch de Spinoza; freedom; pantheism; monism; immanence; evil

About the article

Published Online: 2012-12-18

Published in Print: 2012-12-01

Citation Information: , Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 128–146, ISSN (Online) 1869-7577, ISSN (Print) 1600-1974, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/sats-2012-0008.

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