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Science and Engineering of Composite Materials

Editor-in-Chief: Hoa, Suong V.

Editorial Board: Hamada, Hiroyuki / Brandt, Andrzej M. / Duc, Nguyen Dinh / Ehrenstein, Gottfried Wilhelm / Hui, David / Lee, L. James / Medraj, Mamoun / Nakai, Asami / Nicolais, Luigi / Seferis, James C. / Tan, Kiang Hwee / Ton-That, Minh Tan / Xiao, Xinran / Zako, Masaru / Zhong, W.H. Katie

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Volume 23, Issue 6

Issues

Investigation of chip seal performance under cold climate conditions

Mustafa Karaşahin
  • Engineering Faculty, Department of Civil Engineering, İstanbul University, Avcılar Campus, 34320, Avcılar, İstanbul, Turkey
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Cahit Gürer
  • Corresponding author
  • Engineering Faculty, Department of Civil Engineering, Afyon Kocatepe University, A.N.S. Campus, 6th Building, 3th Floor, Room:1315, Gazligol Yolu, 03200, Afyonkarahisar, Turkey
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Mehmet Saltan
  • Engineering Faculty, Department of Civil Engineering, Suleyman Demirel University, Batı Campus, Çünür, Isparta, Turkey
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Murat V. Taciroğlu
  • Vocational High School, Department of Transportation, Mersin University, Çiftlikköy Campus, 33343, Yenişehir, Mersin, Turkey
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Volkan Emre Uz
  • Faculty of Engineering and Natural Science, Department of Civil Engineering, Adana Science and Technology University, 01180, Seyhan, Adana, Turkey
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2015-05-05 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/secm-2014-0041

Abstract

The chip seal is an economical type of asphalt pavement that was constructed for single- or double-layer aggregate-bitumen. Chip seals are applied to prime-sealed granular pavement surfaces in order to waterproof the surfaces of sub-layers, produce smooth and high-skid-resistance surfaces for vehicles and protect pavements against the detrimental effects of traffic and climate. Unlike bituminous hot mixtures, numerous factors can affect the performance of chip seal. One of the most important factors is climate. The aim of this study is to determine the performance variation of chip-sealed pavements under cold climate conditions. Three different chip-sealed roads in Erzurum, which is in one of the coldest regions of Turkey, were examined with non-destructive tests. Sand-patch, British pendulum, light weight deflectometer and dynamic cone penetrometer tests were performed. Chip-sealed pavements’ densities and surface temperature variation and base courses layer’s thicknesses were also measured, and deteriorations were observed and scored by researchers. Test results showed that flushing due to the higher temperatures during the short summer season, deficiency of the base course’s bearing capacity and moisture in the base course are the most important causes of deterioration in this type of chip seal, and the chip seals in this region must be resealed in <1 year because of the premature deterioration.

Keywords: chip seal; cold climate; environmental condition; in situ performance; non-destructive test

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About the article

Corresponding author: Cahit Gürer, Engineering Faculty, Department of Civil Engineering, Afyon Kocatepe University, A.N.S. Campus, 6th Building, 3th Floor, Room:1315, Gazligol Yolu, 03200, Afyonkarahisar, Turkey, Phone: +90 532 7332225, e-mail:


Received: 2014-02-13

Accepted: 2015-01-01

Published Online: 2015-05-05

Published in Print: 2016-11-01


Citation Information: Science and Engineering of Composite Materials, Volume 23, Issue 6, Pages 649–658, ISSN (Online) 2191-0359, ISSN (Print) 0792-1233, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/secm-2014-0041.

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