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Science and Engineering of Composite Materials

Editor-in-Chief: Hoa, Suong V.

Editorial Board: Hamada, Hiroyuki / Brandt, Andrzej M. / Duc, Nguyen Dinh / Ehrenstein, Gottfried Wilhelm / Hui, David / Lee, L. James / Medraj, Mamoun / Nakai, Asami / Nicolais, Luigi / Seferis, James C. / Tan, Kiang Hwee / Ton-That, Minh Tan / Xiao, Xinran / Zako, Masaru / Zhong, W.H. Katie

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Volume 23, Issue 3

Issues

Properties enhancement in multiwalled carbon nanotube-magnetite hybrid-filled polypropylene natural rubber nanocomposites through functionalization and processing methods

Ing Kong
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Mechanical, Materials and Manufacturing Engineering, The University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus, Jalan Broga, 43500 Semenyih, Selangor, Malaysia
  • School of Applied Physics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
  • School of Applied Sciences, RMIT University, GPO Box 2476, Melbourne, VIC 3001, Australia
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Sahrim Haji Ahmad
  • School of Applied Physics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Robert Shanks
Published Online: 2014-12-15 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/secm-2014-0124

Abstract

The effect of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs)-magnetite (Fe3O4) hybrid content on the thermal, dynamic mechanical, and morphological properties of thermoplastic natural rubber (TPNR) nanocomposites was evaluated. TPNR/filler nanocomposites were prepared using a melt-blending method with a ball-milling technique as a premixed process. The acid treatment successfully shortened the lengths and disentangled the crowds of MWCNTs, which led to a better dispersion of MWCNTs in the polymer matrix, as revealed by optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The improved dispersion of acid-treated MWCNTs-Fe3O4 in the TPNR matrix and the enhanced interfacial adhesion between acid-treated MWCNTs-Fe3O4 and the TPNR matrix increased the thermal stability and dynamic mechanical properties. Acid-treated MWCNTs acted as radical scavengers, which helped delay the onset of thermal degradation and hence improved the thermal stability. As expected, MWCNTs played a role as the nucleating agent in the TPNR matrix; however, the effect was more pronounced for the TPNR matrix containing pristine MWCNTs.

Keywords: carbon nanotubes; hybrid materials; magnetite; mechanical properties; thermal properties; thermoplastic natural rubber

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About the article

Corresponding author: Ing Kong, Department of Mechanical, Materials and Manufacturing Engineering, The University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus, Jalan Broga, 43500 Semenyih, Selangor, Malaysia; School of Applied Physics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia; and School of Applied Sciences, RMIT University, GPO Box 2476, Melbourne, VIC 3001, Australia, e-mail:


Received: 2014-04-27

Accepted: 2014-09-06

Published Online: 2014-12-15

Published in Print: 2016-05-01


Citation Information: Science and Engineering of Composite Materials, Volume 23, Issue 3, Pages 257–267, ISSN (Online) 2191-0359, ISSN (Print) 0792-1233, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/secm-2014-0124.

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