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Seminars in Cardiovascular Medicine

The Journal of Lithuanian Heart Association

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The role of real time three-dimensional transoesophageal echocardiography in acquired mitral valve disease

Agnė Drąsutienė
  • Corresponding author
  • Centre of Cardiology and Angiology, Vilnius University Hospital Santariškių Klinikos, Santariškių 2, Vilnius, Lithuania
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  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Sigita Aidietienė
  • Centre of Cardiology and Angiology, Vilnius University Hospital Santariškių Klinikos, Vilnius, Lithuania
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Diana Zakarkaitė
  • Centre of Cardiology and Angiology, Vilnius University Hospital Santariškių Klinikos, Vilnius, Lithuania
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2016-03-05 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/semcard-2015-0003


Real time (RT) three-dimensional (3D) imaging is one of the most significant developments of the last decade and is now being used with increasing frequency in echocardiography and interventional cardiology laboratories. Improvements in transducer technologies and the development of a matrix array transducer were the most important achievements that lead to the new era of real time 3D transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE). RT 3D TEE is ideal for assessing the mitral valve (MV) because of its high spatial resolution altering in improved MV anatomic detail. This imaging modality provides images of high quality which is of a great clinical value inmaking diagnosis of MV disease and a valuable tool for surgeons and interventional cardiologists in planning and guiding interventional procedures. This review is intended to provide data about normal MV anatomy and clinical usefulness of RT 3D TEE in defining acquired MV pathology.

Keywords : transoesophageal echocardiography; mitral valve


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About the article

Received: 2015-08-21

Accepted: 2015-11-02

Published Online: 2016-03-05

Published in Print: 2015-12-01

Citation Information: Seminars in Cardiovascular Medicine, Volume 21, Issue 2, Pages 16–26, ISSN (Online) 1822-7767, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/semcard-2015-0003.

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© by Agnė Drąsutienė. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

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