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Seminars in Cardiovascular Medicine

The Journal of Lithuanian Heart Association

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1822-7767
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Positive impact of a 4-week duration supervised aerobic training on anthropometric, metabolic, hemodynamic and arterial wall parameters in metabolic syndrome subjects

Ieva Slivovskaja
  • Department of Rehabilitation, Physical and Sports Medicine of Institute of Health Sciences of the Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania
  • Vilnius University Hospital Santaros Klinikos, Vilnius, Lithuania
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/ Jurgita Buzinskaitė / Ligita Ryliškytė
  • Clinic of Cardiac and Vascular Diseases, Institute of Clinical Medicine of the Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania
  • Vilnius University Hospital Santaros Klinikos, Vilnius, Lithuania
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/ Jūratė Balsytė
  • Corresponding author
  • Clinic of Cardiac and Vascular Diseases, Institute of Clinical Medicine of the Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania
  • State Research Institute Centre for Innovative Medicine, Vilnius, Lithuania
  • Vilnius University Hospital Santaros Klinikos, Vilnius, Lithuania
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/ Rokas Navickas
  • Clinic of Cardiac and Vascular Diseases, Institute of Clinical Medicine of the Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania
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/ Roma Puronaitė
  • Clinic of Cardiac and Vascular Diseases, Institute of Clinical Medicine of the Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania
  • State Research Institute Centre for Innovative Medicine, Vilnius, Lithuania
  • Vilnius University Hospital Santaros Klinikos, Vilnius, Lithuania
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Agnė Jucevičienė
  • Clinic of Cardiac and Vascular Diseases, Institute of Clinical Medicine of the Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania
  • State Research Institute Centre for Innovative Medicine, Vilnius, Lithuania
  • Vilnius University Hospital Santaros Klinikos, Vilnius, Lithuania
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/ Alvydas Juocevičius / Aleksandras Laucevičius
  • Clinic of Cardiac and Vascular Diseases, Institute of Clinical Medicine of the Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania
  • State Research Institute Centre for Innovative Medicine, Vilnius, Lithuania
  • Vilnius University Hospital Santaros Klinikos, Vilnius, Lithuania
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2017-11-08 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/semcard-2017-0003

Summary

Objectives: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is linked to the development of type 2 diabetes and increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Physical inactivity is one of the main pathophysiological factors of MetS subjects. The aim of this study was to evaluate if 4-week supervised aerobic training had any impact on anthropometric, metabolic, hemodynamic and arterial wall parameters in MetS subjects.

Design and methods: 57 MetS subjects were randomly selected from a Lithuanian High Cardiovascular Risk (LitHiR) national primary prevention programme. Hemodynamic, cardiometabolic risk and arterial wall parameters were evaluated after the 4-week supervised aerobic training.

Results: After 4 weeks of aerobic training there was statistically significant decrease in body mass index from 30.58 ± 3.7 to 30.3 ± 3.55 kg/m2 (p = 0.010), waist circumference from 104.24 ± 9.46 to 102.9 ± 9.48 cm (p = 0.003), decrease of LDL cholesterol from 4.21 ± 1.15 to 3.78 ± 1 mmol/l (p = 0.032) and high sensitivity C-reactive protein from 2.01 ± 2.36 to 1.64 ± 1.92 mg/l (p = 0.009), decrease of diastolic blood pressure (BP) from 83.06 ± 10.18 to 80.38 ± 8.98 mmHg (p = 0.015), mean BP from 100.03 ± 10.70 to 97.31 ± 8.88 mmHg (p = 0.027) and aortic stiffness, assessed as carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity, from 8.34 ± 1.26 to 7.91 ± 1.15 m/s (p = 0.034).

Conclusions: In subjects with MetS even short-duration (4-week) supervised aerobic exercise training is associated with improvement of some anthropometric, metabolic and hemodynamic parameters as well as the decrease in aortic stiffness. This training modality could be recommended for initiation of physical training and could increase motivation for further physical activity.

Keywords: metabolic syndrome; physical inactivity; supervised aerobic exercise training; aortic pulse wave velocity

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About the article

Received: 2017-08-07

Accepted: 2017-09-27

Published Online: 2017-11-08


Citation Information: Seminars in Cardiovascular Medicine, ISSN (Online) 1822-7767, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/semcard-2017-0003.

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© 2017 Ieva Slivovskaja et al., published by De Gruyter Open. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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