Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Semiotica

Journal of the International Association for Semiotic Studies / Revue de l'Association Internationale de Sémiotique

Editor-in-Chief: Danesi, Marcel


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 0.183
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.283

CiteScore 2017: 0.23

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.228
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.634

Agenzia Nazionale di Valutazione del Sistema Universitario e della Ricerca: Classe A

Online
ISSN
1613-3692
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 2018, Issue 222

Issues

Semiotic resources for navigation: A video ethnographic study of blind people’s uses of the white cane and a guide dog for navigating in urban areas

Brian Due / Simon Lange
Published Online: 2018-04-25 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/sem-2016-0196

Abstract

This paper describes two typical semiotic resources blind people use when navigating in urban areas. Everyone makes use of a variety of interpretive semiotic resources and senses when navigating. For sighted individuals, this especially involves sight. Blind people, however, must rely on everything else than sight, thereby substituting sight with other modalities and distributing the navigational work to other semiotic resources. Based on a large corpus of fieldwork among blind people in Denmark, undertaking observations, interviews, and video recordings of their naturally occurring practices of walking and navigating, this paper shows how two prototypical types of semiotic resources function as helpful cognitive extensions: the guide dog and the white cane. This paper takes its theoretical and methodological perspective from EMCA multimodal interaction analysis.

Keywords: ethnomethodology; multimodal analysis; blindness; navigation; mobility; video ethnography; semiotics

References

  • Adams, F. & K. Aizawa. 2009. Why the mind is still in the head. In P. Robbins & M. Aydede (eds.), The Cambridge handbook of situated cognition, 78–96. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Arminen, I. & A. Weilenmann. 2009. Mobile presence and intimacy – Reshaping social actions in mobile contextual configuration. Journal of Pragmatics 41(10). 1905–1923.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Bach-y-Rita, P. 2002. Sensory substitution and qualia. In A. Noë & E. Thompson (eds.), Vision and mind, 497–514. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar

  • Bach-y-Rita, P. & S. W. Kercel. 2003. Sensory substitution and the human-machine interface. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7(12). 541–546.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Broth, M. & L. Keevallik. 2014. Getting ready to move as a couple accomplishing mobile formations in a dance class. Space and Culture 17(2). 107–121.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Bruce, I. W., A. C. McKennell & E. C. Walker, R. N. I. for the Blind. 1991. Blind and partially sighted adults in Britain: The RNIB survey. London: HMSO.Google Scholar

  • Clark, A. 1997. Being there: Putting brain, body, and world together again. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar

  • Clark, A. 1999. Embodied, situated, and distributed cognition. In W. Bechtel & G. Graham (eds.), A companion to cognitive science, 506–517. Malden: Blackwell.Google Scholar

  • Clark, A. 2010. Supersizing the mind: Embodiment, action, and cognitive extension. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

  • Clark, A. 2013. Mindware: An introduction to the philosophy of cognitive science, 2nd edn. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

  • Clark, A. & D. Chalmers. 1998. The extended mind. Analysis 58(1). 7–19.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Descartes, R. 1988. Selected philosophical writings. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Dror, I. & S. Harnad. 2008. Offloading cognition onto cognitive technology. In I. Dror & S. Harnad (eds.), Cognition distributed: How cognitive technology extends our minds, 1–23. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.Google Scholar

  • Due, B. L. 2016. Fælles orientering som ressource for idéudvikling: En single case analyse baseret på Distributed Cognition (DC) & Conversation Analysis (CA). Nydansk Sprogstudier 50. 86–119.Google Scholar

  • Due, B. L., R. Kupers, S. Lange & M. Ptito. 2017. Technology enhanced vision in blind and visually impaired individuals. Circd Working Papers in Social Interaction 3(1). 1–31.Google Scholar

  • Due, B. L. & S. Lange. 2017. The Moses effect: The spatial hierarchy and joint accomplishment of a blind person navigating. Space and Culture. 1–16. doi:.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Due, B. L. & S. Lange. forthcoming. Annoying things: Unpacking unpredictable trouble sources in blind navigation using video ethnography and ethnomethodology. Sociological Research Online.Google Scholar

  • Enfield, N. J. 2009. Relationship thinking and human pragmatics. Journal of Pragmatics 41(1). 60–78.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Fiannaca, A., I. Apostolopoulous & E. Folmer. 2014. Headlock: A wearable navigation aid that helps blind cane users traverse large open spaces. In Proceedings of the 16th international ACM SIGACCESS conference on computers & accessibility, 19–26. ACM Press.Google Scholar

  • Flick, U. 2009. An introduction to qualitative research. London: SAGE.Google Scholar

  • Garfinkel, H. 1967. Studies in ethnomethodology. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar

  • Garfinkel, H. 1986. Ethnomethodological studies of work. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.Google Scholar

  • Garfinkel, H. 2002. Ethnomethodology’s program: Working out Durkeim’s aphorism. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.Google Scholar

  • Goffman, E. 1963. Behavior in public places: Notes on the social organization of gatherings. New York: Free Press of Glencoe.Google Scholar

  • Goffman, E. 1971. Relations in public: Microstudies of the public order. New York: Harper and Row.Google Scholar

  • Golledge, R. G. 1999. Wayfinding behavior: Cognitive mapping and other spatial processes. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar

  • Goodwin, C. 1986. Gestures as a resource for the organization of mutual orientation. Semiotica 62(1/2). 29–49.Google Scholar

  • Goodwin, C. 1993. The blackness of black: Color categories as situated practice. In L. B. Resnick, R. Säljö, C. Pontecorvo & B. Burge (eds.), Discourse, tools, and reasoning: Essays on situated cognition, 111–140. Berlin & New York: Springer.Google Scholar

  • Goodwin, C. 2000a. Action and embodiment within situated human interaction. Journal of Pragmatics 32(10). 1489–1522.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Goodwin, C. 2000b. Practices of color classification. Mind, Culture, and Activity 7(1–2). 19–36.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Goodwin, C. 2003a. Pointing as situated practice. In Sotaro Kita (ed.), Pointing: Where language, culture, and cognition meet, 217–241. Mahwah NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar

  • Goodwin, C. 2003b. The semiotic body in its environment. In J. Coupland & R. Gwyn (eds.), Discourses of the body, 19–42. New York: Palgrave Connect.Google Scholar

  • Goodwin, C. 2007. Participation, stance, and affect in the organization of activities. Discourse and Society 18(1). 53–74.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Goodwin, C. 2010. Multimodality in human interaction. Calidoscópio 8(2). 85–98.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Goodwin, C. 2011. Building action in public environments with diverse semiotic resources. Versus 112. 169–182.Google Scholar

  • Goodwin, C. 2013. The co-operative, transformative organization of human action and knowledge. Journal of Pragmatics 46(1). 8–23.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Goodwin, C. & M. H. Goodwin. 1986. Gesture and coparticipation in the activity of searching for a word. Semiotica 62(1–2). 51–75.Google Scholar

  • Goodwin, C. & M. H. Goodwin. 1996. Formulating planes: Seeing as a situated activity. In David Middleton & Yrjö Engestrom (eds.), Cognition and communication at work, 61–95. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Goodwin, M. H. & C. Goodwin. 2012. Car talk: Integrating texts, bodies, and changing landscapes. Semiotica 191(1/4). 257–286.Google Scholar

  • Griffin, D. R. 1958. Listening in the dark, the acoustic orientation of bats and men. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar

  • Haddington, P., L. Mondada & M. Nevile. 2013a. Being mobile: Interaction on the move. In P. Haddington, L. Mondada & M. Nevile (eds.), Interaction and mobility language and the body in motion, 3–61. Berlin: De Gruyter.Google Scholar

  • Haddington, P., L. Mondada & M. Nevile (eds.). 2013b. Interaction and mobility, language and the body in motion. Berlin: De Gruyter.Google Scholar

  • Haddington, P. & M. Rauniomaa. 2014. Interaction between road users offering space in traffic. Space and Culture 17(2). 176–190.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Haraway, D. 2003. The companion species manifesto: Dogs, people, and significant otherness. Chicago: Prickly Paradigm Press.Google Scholar

  • Heritage, J. 1984. Garfinkel and ethnomethodology. London: Polity Press.Google Scholar

  • Heritage, J. 2012. The epistemic engine: Sequence organization and territories of knowledge. Research on Language and Social Interaction 45(1). 30–52.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Hindmarsh, J., C. Heath & P. Luff. 2010. Video in qualitative research. London: SAGE.Google Scholar

  • Hutchins, E. 1995a. Cognition in the wild. Cambridge, MA: CogNet.Google Scholar

  • Hutchins, E. 1995b. How a cockpit remembers its speeds. Cognitive Science 19(3). 265–288.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Hutchins, E. 2005. Material anchors for conceptual blends. Journal of Pragmatics 37(10). 1555–1577.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Hutchins, E. 2014. The cultural ecosystem of human cognition. Philosophical Psychology 27(1). 34–49.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Jefferson, G. 2004. Glossary of transcript symbols with an introduction. In Gene H. Lerner (ed.), Conversation analysis: Studies from the first generation, 13–31. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.Google Scholar

  • Kockelman, P. 2005. The semiotic stance. Semiotica 157(1/4). 233–304.Google Scholar

  • Koschmann, T., C. LeBaron, C. Goodwin & P. Feltovich. 2011. “Can you see the cystic artery yet?”: A simple matter of trust. Journal of Pragmatics 43(2). 521–541.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Kreplak, Y. & C. Mondémé. 2014. Artworks as touchable objects. In M. Nevile, P. Haddington, T. Heinemann & M. Rauniomaa (eds.), Interacting with objects: Language, materiality, and social activity, 295–318. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.Google Scholar

  • Kupers, R. & M. Ptito. 2011. Insights from darkness: What the study of blindness has taught us about brain structure and function. Progress in Brain Research 192. 17–31.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Kupers, R. & M. Ptito. 2014. Compensatory plasticity and cross-modal reorganization following early visual deprivation. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 41. 36–52.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Liberman, K. 2013. More studies in ethnomethodology. Albany, NY: SUNY Press.Google Scholar

  • Lynch, M. 2006. Cognitive activities without cognition? Ethnomethodological investigations of selected “cognitive” topics. Discourse Studies 8(1). 95–104.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Magnus, R. 2014. Training guide dogs of the blind with the “phantom man” method: Historic background and semiotic footing. Semiotica 198(1/4). 181–204.Google Scholar

  • Maidenbaum, S., S. Abboud & A. Amedi. 2014. Sensory substitution: Closing the gap between basic research and widespread practical visual rehabilitation. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 41. 3–15.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Maynard, D. W. 2006. Cognition on the ground. Discourse Studies 8(1). 105–115.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • McIlvenny, P. 2014. Vélomobile formations-in-action biking and talking together. Space and Culture 17(2). 137–156.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • McIlvenny, P., M. Broth & P. Haddington. 2014. Moving together: Mobile formations in interaction. Space and Culture 17(2). 104–106.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Merleau-Ponty, M. 2002. Phenomenology of perception. London: Routledge.Google Scholar

  • Mondada, L. 2014. The local constitution of multimodal resources for social interaction. Journal of Pragmatics 65. 137–156.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Mondémé, C. 2011. Animal as subject matter for social sciences: When linguistics addresses the issue of a dog’s “speakership.”. In P. Gibas, K. Pauknerová & M. Stella (eds.), Non-humans in social science: Animals, spaces, things, 87–105. Nakladatel: Pavel Mervart.Google Scholar

  • Mondémé, C. 2013. Formes d’interactions sociales entre hommes et chiens Une approche praxéologique des relations interspécifiques. Bâle: Université de Bâle dissertation.Google Scholar

  • Neuschmid, J., L. Gajevic, M. Schrenk & W. Wasserburger. 2014. The blind’s critical space and the role of modern ICT. In A. Calcatinge (ed.), Critical spaces: Contemporary perspectives in urban, spatial, and landscape studies, 179–203. Münster: LIT Verlag.Google Scholar

  • Nevile, M. 2012. Interaction as distraction in driving: A body of evidence. Semiotica 191(1/4). 169–196.Google Scholar

  • Nevile, M. 2015. The embodied turn in research on language and social interaction. Research on Language and Social Interaction 48(2). 121–151.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Nevile, M., P. Haddington, T. Heinemann & M. Rauniomaa (eds.). 2014. Interacting with objects: Language, materiality, and social activity. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.Google Scholar

  • Norman, D. 1993a. Cognition in the head and in the world: An introduction to the special issue on situated action. Cognitive Science 17(1). 1–6.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Norman, D. 1993b. Things that make us smart: Defending human attributes in the age of the machine. New York: Basic.Google Scholar

  • Norman, D. 1999. Affordance, conventions, and design. Interactions 6(3). 38–43.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Norman, D. 2000. The design of everyday things. London: MIT Press.Google Scholar

  • Parkin, J. & N. Smithies. 2012. Accounting for the needs of blind and visually impaired people in public realm design. Journal of Urban Design 17(1). 135–149.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Peirce, C. S. 1955. In J. Buchler (ed.), Philosophical writings of Peirce. New York: Dover.Google Scholar

  • Poyatos, F. 2002. Paralanguage, kinesics, silence, personal and environmental interaction (Nonverbal communication across disciplines 2). Philadelphia: John Benjamins.Google Scholar

  • Proulx, M. J., D. J. Brown, A. Pasqualotto & P. Meijer. 2014a. Multisensory perceptual learning and sensory substitution. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 41. 16–25.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Proulx, M. J., M. Ptito & A. Amedi. 2014b. Multisensory integration, sensory substitution and visual rehabilitation. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 41. 1–2.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Psathas, G. 1976. Mobility, orientation, and navigation: Conceptual and theoretical considerations. New Outlook for the Blind 70(9). 385–391.Google Scholar

  • Psathas, G. 1980. Approaches to the study of the world of everyday life. Human Studies 3(1). 3–17.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Ptito, M., S. M. Moesgaard, A. Gjedde & R. Kupers. 2005. Cross-modal plasticity revealed by electrotactile stimulation of the tongue in the congenitally blind. Brain 128(3). 606–614.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Rawls, A. W. 2008. Harold Garfinkel, ethnomethodology and workplace studies. Organization Studies 29(5). 701–732.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Renier, L., A. G. De Volder & J. P. Rauschecker. 2014. Cortical plasticity and preserved function in early blindness. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 41. 53–63.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Ricciardi, E., D. Bonino, S. Pellegrini & P. Pietrini. 2014. Mind the blind brain to understand the sighted one! Is there a supramodal cortical functional architecture? Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 41. 64–77.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Rowland, B. A. & B. E. Stein. 2014. A model of the temporal dynamics of multisensory enhancement. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 41. 78–84.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Ryave, L. A. & J. N. Schenkein. 1974. Notes on the art of walking. In R. Turner (ed.), Ethnomethodology, 265–274. Harmondsworth: Penguin.Google Scholar

  • Sacks, H. L. 1989. Lecture six: The M.I.R. membership categorization device. Human Studies 12(3/4). 271–281.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Sacks, H. L. 1992. Lectures on conversation. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar

  • Sacks, H. L., E. A. Schegloff & G. Jefferson. 1974. A simplest systematics for the organization of turn-taking for conversation. Language 50(4). 696–735.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Schegloff, E. A. & H. L. Sacks. 1973. Opening up closings. Semiotica 8(4). 289–327.Google Scholar

  • Schenkman, B. N. & M. E. Nilsson. 2010. Human echolocation: Blind and sighted persons’ ability to detect sounds recorded in the presence of a reflecting object. Perception 39(4). 483–501.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Schutz, A. 1976. Collected papers. The Hague: Nijhoff.Google Scholar

  • Stefani, E. D. & L. Mondada. 2014. Reorganizing mobile formations when “guided” participants initiate reorientations in guided tours. Space and Culture 17(2). 157–175.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Steffensen, S. V. 2013. Human interactivity: Problem-solving, solution-probing and verbal patterns in the wild. In S. J. Cowley & F. Vallée-Tourangeau (eds.), Cognition beyond the brain, 195–221. London: Springer.Google Scholar

  • Strong, P. 2009. The history of the white cane. http://www.acb.org/tennessee/white_cane_history.html (accessed 20 February 2018).

  • Teng, S., A. Puri & D. Whitney. 2011. Ultrafine spatial acuity of blind expert human echolocators. Experimental Brain Research 216(4). 483–488.Google Scholar

  • Turner, R. (ed.). 1974. Ethnomethodology. Harmondsworth: Penguin.Google Scholar

  • Vom Lehn, D. 2010. Discovering “experience-ables”: Socially including visually impaired people in art museums. Journal of Marketing Management 26(7–8). 749–769.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Vom Lehn, D. 2014. Harold Garfinkel. Walnut Creek, US: Left Coast Press.Google Scholar

  • Ward, J. & T. Wright. 2014. Sensory substitution as an artificially acquired synaesthesia. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 41. 26–35.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Wiener, W. R., R. L. Welsh & B. B. Blasch. 2010. Instructional strategies and practical applications (Foundations of orientation and mobility 2), 3rd edn American Foundation for the Blind. New York: AFB Press.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2018-04-25

Published in Print: 2018-04-25


Citation Information: Semiotica, Volume 2018, Issue 222, Pages 287–312, ISSN (Online) 1613-3692, ISSN (Print) 0037-1998, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/sem-2016-0196.

Export Citation

© 2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.Get Permission

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[2]
Brian Due and Simon Bierring Lange
Space and Culture, 2018, Volume 21, Number 2, Page 129

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in