Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Studia Geotechnica et Mechanica

The Journal of Wroclaw University of Technology

4 Issues per year

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2083-831X
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Inclinometer monitoring system for stability analysis: the western slope of the Bełchatów field case study

Marek Cała
  • AGH University of Science and Technology, Al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków, Poland, Phone: +48 12 617 46 95
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Joanna Jakóbczyk / Katarzyna Cyran
Published Online: 2016-07-15 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/sgem-2016-0014

Abstract

The geological structure of the Bełchatów area is very complicated as a result of tectonic and sedimentation processes. The long-term exploitation of the Bełchatów field influenced the development of horizontal displacements. The variety of factors that have impact on the Bełchatów western slope stability conditions, forced the necessity of complex geotechnical monitoring. The geotechnical monitoring of the western slope was carried out with the use of slope inclinometers. From 2005 to 2013 fourteen slope inclinometers were installed, however, currently seven of them are in operation. The present analysis depicts inclinometers situated in the north part of the western slope, for which the largest deformations were registered. The results revealed that the horizontal displacements and formation of slip surfaces are related to complicated geological structure and intensive tectonic deformations in the area. Therefore, the influence of exploitation marked by changes in slope geometry was also noticeable.

Keywords: slope inclinometer; geotechnical monitoring; horizontal displacement analysis; the exploitation influence; Bełchatów open pit mine

REFERENCES

  • [1] Cała M., Flisiak J., Rybicki S., Geotechnical hazards from rheological processes in the salt dome Dębina in the light of numerical modelling, [in:] D. Flisiak (ed.), Geotechnics and civil engineering 2004: XXVII Winter School of Rock Mechanics, Zakopane, 14–19 March 2004, Wydawnictwo KGBiG AGH, 2004, 23–35.Google Scholar

  • [2] Cała M., Flisiak D., Flisiak J., Kowalski M., Jakóbczyk J., Szczerców field. Analysis of change in salt dome deformations as a result of brown coal exploitation from non-economic resources in Dębina salt dome area, AGH University of Science and Technology Cracow, unpublished, 2014.Google Scholar

  • [3] Carri A., Chiapponi L., Giovanelli R., Spaggiari L., Segalini A., Improving landslide displacement measurement through automatic recording and statistical analysis, Procedia Earth and Planetary Science, 2015, 15, 536–541.Google Scholar

  • [4] Ciuk E., Tectonics of the Kleszczów Graben and its impact on the origin of brow coal deposit, [in:] W. Barczyk (ed.), Guide of LII Polish Geological Society Conference Bełchatów, 11–14 September 1980, Geological Publication, Warsaw, 1980, 38–55.Google Scholar

  • [5] Czarnecki L., Organiściak B., Krywult Ł., Chrost A., Stability of the western slope in Bełchatów open-pit cast in a light of geological observations and geotechnical measurements with inclusion of Dębina salt dome, Górnictwo i Geoinżynieria, 2010, 34, 173–182.Google Scholar

  • [6] Dunnicliff J., Green G.E., Geotechnical Instrumentation for Monitoring Field Performance, John Wiley, New York, 1988.Google Scholar

  • [7] Dunnicliff J., LaFonta J.G., In-Place Inclinometers: A Significant Test Program, Geotechnical News, March 2001, 3–34.Google Scholar

  • [8] Flisiak J., Rybicki S., Numerical modelling of Dębina salt dome behaviour under influence on Bełchatów open cast brown coal mine, Przegląd Geologiczny, 1997, 45, 996–1000.Google Scholar

  • [9] Green G.E., Mikkelsen P.E., Measurement of ground movement with inclinometers, Proceedings of Fourth International Geotechnical Seminar on Field Instrumentation and In-Situ Measurement, Singapore, 1986, 235–246.Google Scholar

  • [10] Green G.E., Mikkelsen P.E., Deformation measurements with inclinometers, Transportation Research Record 1169. Transportation Research Board, Washington, 1988, 1–15.Google Scholar

  • [11] Gotowała R., Hałuszczak A., The late Alpine structural development of the Kleszczów Graben (Central Poland) as a result of reactivation of pre-existing regional dislocations, EGU Special Publication, 2001, 1, 137–150.Google Scholar

  • [12] Hałuszczak A., Cenozoic dynamics of the Dębina Salt Dome, Kleszczów Graben, inferred from structural features of the Tertiary-Quaternary cover, Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae, 2004, 74, 311–318.Google Scholar

  • [13] Hochman A., Kołodziejczyk K., Kula A., Musielak W., Ożóg J., Bełchatów Brown Coal Mine. 25th anniversary. From public sector enterprise to joint stock company, Tekst Publishing House, Bydgoszcz, 2000.Google Scholar

  • [14] Jagóra E., Szwed-Lorenz J., Changeability analysis of main parameters of Bełchatów brown coal open cast mine in western part of Szczerców field, National Institute of Mining Works, Wrocław University of Technology, 2005, 113, 87–98.Google Scholar

  • [15] Martin D., Long-Term Inclinometer Monitoring – An Update, Proc., 9th International Workshop on Accelerator Alignment, 26–29 September 2006, Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, USA, 2006.Google Scholar

  • [16] Mastej W., Bartuś T., Rydlewski J., Analysis of lithofacies cyclicity in the Miocene Coal Complex of the Bełchatów lignite deposit, south-central Poland, Geologos, 2015, 21, 285–302.Google Scholar

  • [17] Pole Bełchatów. Analiza deformacji wysadu solnego Dębina wraz z aktualizacją budowy geologicznej w rejonie wysadu i jego otoczenia oraz wytycznymi do projektowania konturu zbocza zachodniego, praca zbiorowa, ProGiG, Wrocław, październik 2009.Google Scholar

  • [18] Segalini A., Chiapponi L., Carini C., Evaluation of a novel inclinometer device based on MMES technology through comparison with traditional inclinometers in landslide applications, Geophysical Research Abstracts, 2013, 15, EGU2013-1993.Google Scholar

  • [19] Segalini A., Chiapponi L., Pastarini B., Carini C., Automated Inclinometer Monitoring Based on Micro Electro-Mechanical System Technology: Applications and Verification, [in:] K. Sassa, P. Canuti, Y. Yin (eds.), Landslide science for a safer geoenvironment: methods of landslide studies, Springer International Publishing Switzerland, 2014, 595–600.Google Scholar

  • [20] Segalini A., Chelli A., Pastarini B., Giovanelli R., The Boschetto landslide: monitoring, numerical analysis and interpretation, Rendiconti Online Società Geologica Italiana, 2015, 35, 276–279.Google Scholar

  • [21] Słomka T., Wagner M., Charakter petrograficzny i warunki sedymentacji wybranych kompleksów litologicznych profilu miocenu w złożu węgla brunatnego Bełchatów, Prace Geologiczne, 2000, 147, 1–122.Google Scholar

  • [22] Stark T.D., Choi H., Slope inclinometer for landslides, Landslides, 2008, 3, 21–35.Google Scholar

  • [23] Widera M., Characteristics and origin of deformation structures within lignite seams – a case study from Polish opencast mines, Geological Quarterly, 2016, 60, 179–189.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [24] Wieczorek D., Stoiński A., Krzyszkowski D., Wachecka-Kotkowska L., Krzymińska J., The results of new studies of Quaternary sediments in the Kleszczów Graben, Szczerców Outcrop, Bełchatów Lignite Opencast Mine, Landform Analysis, 2015, 29, 63–67.Google Scholar

  • [25] Zdechlik R., Wpływ odwadniania KWB Bełchatów na zmiany warunków hydrogeologicznych w rejonie wysadu solnego Dębina, Prace Wydziału Geologii, Geofizyki I Ochrony Środowiska, AGH, 2004.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2016-07-15

Published in Print: 2016-06-01


Citation Information: Studia Geotechnica et Mechanica, ISSN (Online) 2083-831X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/sgem-2016-0014.

Export Citation

© 2016 Marek Cała et al., published by De Gruyter Open. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in