Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Studia Geotechnica et Mechanica

The Journal of Wroclaw University of Technology

4 Issues per year

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Effect of Geotextile Reinforcement on Shear Strength of Sandy Soil: Laboratory Study

Sidali Denine / Noureddine Della / Muhammed Rawaz Dlawar
  • Laboratory Navier-Géotechnique, Ecole des Ponts ParisTech, France Department of Geotechnical Engineering, Koya University, Daniel Mitterrand Boulevard, Koya KOY45 AB64, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Feia Sadok / Jean Canou / Jean-Claude Dupla
Published Online: 2017-02-08 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/sgem-2016-0026


This paper presents results of a series of undrained monotonic compression tests on loose sand reinforced with geotextile mainly to study the effect of confining stress on the mechanical behaviour of geotextile reinforced sand. The triaxial tests were performed on reconstituted specimens of dry natural sand prepared at loose relative density (Dr = 30%) with and without geotextile layers and consolidated to three levels of confining pressures 50, 100 and 200 kPa, where different numbers and different arrangements of reinforcement layers were placed at different heights of the specimens (0, 1 and 2 layers). The behaviour of test specimens was presented and discussed. Test results showed that geotextile inclusion improves the mechanical behaviour of sand, a significant increase in the shear strength and cohesion value is obtained by adding up layers of reinforcement. Also, the results indicate that the strength ratio is more pronounced for samples which were subjected to low value of confining pressure. The obtained results reveal that high value of confining pressure can restrict the sand shear dilatancy and the more effect of reinforcement efficiently.

Keywords: sand; behaviour; geotextile; undrained; confining pressure; excess pore pressure; strength ratio


  • [1] AHMED F., BATENI F., MASTURA A., Performance evaluation of silty sand reinforced with fibers, Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 2009, 28(1), 93-99, DOI: 10.1016/j.geotexmem.2009.09.017.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [2] AL REFEAI T.O., Behavior of granular soils reinforced with discrete randomly oriented inclusions, Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 1991, 10(4), 319-333, DOI: 10.1016/0266-1144(91)90009-L.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [3] ARAB A., SADEK M., BELKHATIR M., SHAHROUR I., Monotonic Preloading Effect on the liquefaction resistance of Chlef silty sand: A Laboratory Study, Arabian Journal For Science and Engineering, 2013, 39(2), 1-10, DOI: 10.1007/s13369-013-0700-4.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [4] ASTM D2487, Standard practice for classification of soil for engineering purposes. (Unified Soil Classification System), Annual Book of ASTM Standards, 2000, Vol. 04.08, ASTM, Philadelphia, www.astm.orgGoogle Scholar

  • [5] ASTM D4253-00, Standard test method for maximum index density and unit weight of soils using a vibratory table, Annual Book of ASTM Standards. American Society for Testing and Materials, West Conshohocken, PA, 2002, 1-14, www.astm.orgGoogle Scholar

  • [6] ASTM D422-63, Standard method for particle-size analysis of soils, Annual Book of ASTM Standards, 1989, Vol. 04.08, 86-92. West Conshohoken, www.astm.orgGoogle Scholar

  • [7] ASTM D4767, Standard test method for consolidated undrained triaxial compression test for cohesive soils, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2011, www.astm.orgGoogle Scholar

  • [8] BELKHATIR M., DELLA N., ARAB A., SCHANZ T., Laboratory Study on the Hydraulic Conductivity and Pore Pressure of Sand-Silt Mixtures, Marine Georesources and Geotechnology, 2014, 32(2), 106-122, DOI: 10.1080/1064119X.2012.710712.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [9] BENGHALIA Y., BOUAFIA A., CANOU J., DUPLA J.C., Liquefaction susceptibility study of sandy soils: effect of low plastic fines, Arab. Journal of Geosciences, 2014, 8(2), 605-618, DOI: 10.1007/s12517-013-1255-0.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [10] CHEN C.W., Drained and undrained behavior of fiberreinforced sand, Midwest Transportation Consortium of Student Papers, Transportation Scholars Conference, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, 2006.Google Scholar

  • [11] CHEN C.W., LOEHR J.E., Undrained and drained triaxial tests of fiber-reinforced sand, Proceedings of the 4th Asian Regional Conference on Geosynthetics Shanghai, China, 2008.Google Scholar

  • [12] CHEN X., ZHANG J., LI Z., Shear behaviour of a geogridreinforced coarse-grained soil based on large-scale triaxial tests, Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 2014, 42(4), 312-328, DOI: 10.1016/j.geotexmem.2014.05.004.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [13] CONSOLI N.C., VENDRUSCOLO M.A., FONINI A., DALLA ROSA F., Fiber reinforcement effects on sand considering a wide cementation range, Geotextextiles and Geomembranes, 2009, 27 (3), 196-203, DOI: 10.1016/j.geotexmem.2008.11.005.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [14] DELLA N., BELKHATIR M., ARAB A., CANOU J., DUPLA J.C., Effect of fabric method on instability behavior of granular material, Acta Mechanica, 2014, 225(7), 1-15, DOI: 10.1007/s00707-013-1083-z.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [15] DURVILLE J.L., MENEROUD J.P., Phenomenes geomorphologiques induits par le seisme d’El-Asnam, Algerie.− Bull. Liaison Labo. P. et Ch., 120, juillet-aout, 1982, 13-23.Google Scholar

  • [16] ERDOGAN D., ALTUN S., Undrained response of loose fiber reinforced sand, C.B.Ü. Journal of Science and Technology, 2015, 11(1), 7-16, DOI: 10.18466/cbufbe.82988.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [17] FEIA S., SULEM J., CANOU J., GHABEZLOO S., CLAIN X., Changes in permeability of sand during triaxial loading: effect of fine particles production, Acta Geotechnica, 2014, 11(1), 1-19, DOI: 10.1007/s11440-014-0351-y.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [18] GRAY D.H., OHASHI H., Mechanics of fiber reinforcement in sand, Journal of Geotech. Eng., 1983, 109(3), 335-353, DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9410(1983)109:3(335).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [19] HAERI S.M., NOORZAD R., OSKOOROUCHI A.M., Effect of geotextile reinforcement on the mechanical behavior of sand, Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 2000, 18(6), 385-402, DOI: 10.1016/S0266-1144(00)00005-4.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [20] HAMIDI A., HOORESFAND M., Effect of fiber reinforcement on triaxial shear behavior of cement treated sand, Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 2013, 36, 1-9, DOI: 10.1016/j.geotexmem.2012.10.005.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [21] HOSSEINPOUR I., MIRMORADI S.H., BARARI A., OMIDVAR M., Numerical evaluation of sample size effect on the stress-strain behavior of geotextile-reinforced sand, Journal of Zhejiang, 2010, 11(8), 555-562, DOI: 10.1631/jzus.A0900535.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [22] IBRAIM E., DIAMBRA A., MUIR WOOD D., RUSSELL AR., Static liquefaction of fibre reinforced sand under monotonic Loading, Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 2010, 28(4), 374-385, DOI: 10.1016/j.geotexmem.2009.12.001.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [23] KIM Y.S., OH S.W., CHO D.S., Effect of non-woven geotextile reinforcement on mechanical behavior of sand, J. Korean Geosynthetics Society, 2010, 9, 39-45.Google Scholar

  • [24] KRISHNASWAMY N.R., ISAAC N.T., Liquefaction potential of reinforced sand, Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 1994, 13(1), 23-41, DOI:10.1016/0266-1144(94)90055-8.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [25] LATHA M.G., MURTHY V.S., Effects of reinforcement form on the behavior of geosynthetic reinforced sand, Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 2007, 25(1), 23-32, DOI: 10.1016/j.geotexmem.2006.09.002.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [26] LATHA M.G., MURTHY S.V., Investigation on sand reinforced with different geosynthetics, Geotechnical Testing Journal, 2006, 29(6), DOI: 10.1520/GTJ100439.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [27] LIU J., WANG G., KAMAI T., ZHANG F., YANG J., SHI B., Static liquefaction behavior of saturated fiber-reinforced sand in undrained ring-shear tests, Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 2011, 29(5), 462-471, DOI: 10.1016/j.geotexmem.2011.03.002.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [28] NAEINI S.A., KHALAJ M., IZADI E., Interfacial shear strength of silty sand-geogrid composite, Geot. Eng., 2013, 166(1), 67-75, DOI: 10.1680/geng.10.00118.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [29] NAEINI S.A., GHOLAMPOOR N., Cyclic behavior of dry silty sand reinforced with a geotextile, Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 2014, 42(6), 611-619, DOI: 10.1016/j.geotexmem.2014.10.003.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [30] NOORZAD R., FARDAD AMINI P., Liquefaction resistance of Babolsar sand reinforced with randomly distributed fibers under cyclic loading, Geotextiles and Geomembranes, Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 2014, 66, 281-292, DOI: 10.1016/j.soildyn.2014.07.011.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [31] NOURI S., NECHNECH A., LAMRI B., LURDES LOPES M., Triaxial test of drained test reinforced with plastic layers, Arab. J. Geosci., 2015, 9(1), 1-9, DOI 10.1007/s12517-015-2017-y.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [32] RAJAGOPAL K., KRISHNASWAMY N.R., LATHA M.G., Behaviour of sand confined with single and multiple geocells. Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 1999, 17(3), 171-184, DOI: 10.1016/S0266-1144(98)00034-X.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [33] RANJAN G., VASAN R.M., CHARAN H.D., Behavior of plastic fiber-reinforced sand, Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 1994, 13(8), 555-565, DOI:10.1016/0266-1144(94)90019-1.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [34] TUNA S.C., KARAKAN E., ALTUN S., Mechanical behaviour of geotextile reinforced sand, Imo Teknik Journal, 2015, 26, 7015-7022.Google Scholar

  • [35] VENKATAPPA RAO G., DUTTA R.K., UJWALA D., Strength Characteristics of Sand Reinforced with Coir Fibres and Coir Geotextiles, Electronic Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, USA, 2005, 10/G, http://www.ejge.comGoogle Scholar

  • [36] YETIMOGLU T., SALBAS O., A study on shear strength of sands reinforced with randomly distributed discrete fibers, Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 2003, 21(2), 103-110, DOI: 10.1016/S0266-1144(03)00003-7.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [37] ZHANG M.X., JAVADI A.A., MIN X., Triaxial tests of sand reinforced with 3D inclusions, Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 2006, 24(4), 201-209, DOI: 10.1016/j.geotexmem.2006.03.004 CrossrefGoogle Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2017-02-08

Published in Print: 2016-12-01

Citation Information: Studia Geotechnica et Mechanica, Volume 38, Issue 4, Pages 3–13, ISSN (Online) 2083-831X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/sgem-2016-0026.

Export Citation

© by Noureddine Della. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Ioannis N. Markou
International Journal of Geosynthetics and Ground Engineering, 2018, Volume 4, Number 1

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in