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Studies in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics

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The Status of the Extension of estar in Cuban Spanish

Gabriela G. Alfaraz
Published Online: 2015-03-20 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/shll-2012-1118


This paper presents variationist sociolinguistics research on the copula estar with predicate adjectives in Cuban Spanish, a variety in which it appears to have gone largely uninvestigated. To examine its social and linguistic distribution, a real-time study with data from the 1960s and 1990s was coupled with an apparent-time study with data from the 1990s. Findings showed that generation and adjective type were significant factors constraining the variation. The comparison of different generations in real and apparent time suggested that the frequency of estar had increased significantly in the younger generation compared to older ones, and it had remained stable for the two age cohorts studied in real time. Results for following adjective showed that the extension of estar was favored in two of eight adjective classes. These findings suggest that Cuban Spanish has experienced a change over time in the frequency and distribution of innovative estar with predicate adjectives.

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Published Online: 2015-03-20

Published in Print: 2012-03-01

Citation Information: Studies in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 3–26, ISSN (Online) 2199-3386, ISSN (Print) 1939-0238, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/shll-2012-1118.

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© 2015 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin/Boston.Get Permission

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