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Studies in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics

Editor-in-Chief: Face, Timothy L.

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2199-3386
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Measuring /s/ variation among younger generations in a migrant settlement in Lima, Peru

Carol A. Klee / Brandon M. A. Rogers / Rocío Caravedo / Lindsey Dietz
Published Online: 2018-05-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/shll-2018-0002

Abstract

This study analyzes the pronunciation of /s/ in the Spanish of young adults in a newer migrant settlement in metropolitan Lima, Peru. The participants have parents and/or grandparents who migrated to Lima primarily from the Andean provinces, where the sibilant pronunciation of /s/ prevails. The study examines a variety of social factors, including migrant generation, family origin, gender, education, occupation, and social networks to determine the factors that correlate with /s/ weakening, which is more prevalent in Classic Limeño Spanish than in Andean Spanish (Caravedo 1990; Hundley 1983; Klee and Caravedo 2006). A proportional-odds mixed effects model was used to treat the repeated measurement categorical data on a continuum of acoustical variation ([s]>[h]>Ø) and the advantages of this model are explained. Results indicate that an important social predictor of /s/ variation is migrant generation: there is a progressive weakening in /s/ with each subsequent migrant generation. In addition to the generational effect, higher levels of education correlate with less /s/ weakening. Two variables were more weakly correlated with /s/ pronunciation: gender and social networks. Overall, the results indicate that young adults in this community, especially those of the third-generation, seem to be assimilating to some degree to coastal norms of /s/ weakening, although there is also a possibility that they may be forming their own norm.

Keywords: Spanish of Lima; /s/ variation; Spanish /s/; internal migration

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About the article

Published Online: 2018-05-01

Published in Print: 2018-04-25


Citation Information: Studies in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 29–57, ISSN (Online) 2199-3386, ISSN (Print) 1939-0238, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/shll-2018-0002.

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