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SIRIUS – Zeitschrift für Strategische Analysen

[SIRIUS: Journal of Strategic Analysis ]

Editor-in-Chief: Krause, Joachim

Ed. by Kamp, Karl-Heinz / Masala, Carlo / Wenger, Andreas

Online
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2510-2648
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Entwaffnung, Demobilisierung und Reintegration: Ein unzureichend genutztes Instrument der Diplomatie im Jemen

Clive Jachnik
Published Online: 2019-11-20 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/sirius-2019-4006

Zusammenfassung

Entwaffnung, Demobilisierung und Reintegration (DD&R) ist der Prozess der Abgabe von Waffen durch Mitglieder bewaffneter Gruppen, der Herausnahme der Ex-Kombattanten aus ihren Gruppen und der Unterstützung bei ihrer Rückkehr in ein normales Leben. DD&R kann in Gemeinschaften, die von Konflikten betroffen sind, einen erheblichen Beitrag zur Wiederherstellung des Friedens leisten. Im Lauf der Zeit hat das UN-DD&R sein Aktivitätsfeld erweitert; zu seinen strategischen Prioritäten gehört mittlerweile auch das Bemühen, Verzahnungen mit politischen Prozessen sicherzustellen. Im Hinblick auf die Situation im Jemen hat das UN Yemen DD&R Forum allerding die Breite der UN-DD&R-Programme völlig missverstanden und sich sogar dafür ausgesprochen, vor der Unterzeichnung eines Friedensabkommens sämtliche DD&R-Initiativen im Jemen einzustellen. Überdies hat das Forum es unterlassen, andere UN-Organisationen oder wichtige Stakeholder für die Möglichkeiten von Prä-DD&R oder Kommunaler Gewaltreduzierung (CVR) zu sensibilisieren. Dies hat dazu geführt, dass die Planungen sowohl für DD&R- als auch für Stabilisierungsbemühungen im Jemen unzureichend gewesen sind bzw. praktisch gar nicht erfolgten.

Abstract

Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) is the process of removing weapons from members of armed groups, detaching those ex-combatants from their groups and helping them to safely return to normal society. DDR has great potential to deliver significant peace benefits to communities undergoing conflict. As it has evolved, UN DDR has broadened in scope and now has the committed aim of ensuring linkages with political processes as one of its strategic priorities. With regard to the situation in Yemen, however, the UN Yemen DDR Forum singularly misunderstood the breadth of UN DDR and indeed advocated for a halt to any DDR initiatives taking place in Yemen prior to the signing of a peace accord. In addition, they did not sensitize other UN agencies or key stakeholders to the possibilities of Pre-DDR or CVR. This has led to the near absent or inadequate planning for both DDR and stabilization efforts in Yemen.

Schlüsselbegriffe: Internationale Stabilisierungseinsätze; Demobilisierung; Entwaffnung; Vereinte Nationen; Jemen

Keywords: International stabilisation missions; Demobilization; disarmament; United Nations; Yemen

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About the article

Clive Jachnik

Clive Vincent Jachnik ist Berater im Bereich Stabilisierung. Er war unter anderem beteiligt an Projekten zur Bewältigung von Konflikten und Sicherheitsproblemen in der Demokratischen Republik Kongo, Ruanda, Liberia. Nigeria, den ECOWAS-Staaten, Bosnien und Herzegowina, Indonesien, Sri Lanka, den Golfstaaten, Somalia und im Jemen.


Published Online: 2019-11-20

Published in Print: 2019-12-01


Citation Information: SIRIUS – Zeitschrift für Strategische Analysen, Volume 3, Issue 4, Pages 396–412, ISSN (Online) 2510-2648, ISSN (Print) 2510-263X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/sirius-2019-4006.

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