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The European Journal of Applied Economics

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Probation Service as Part of Penitentiary System in the Republic of Macedonia / Služba Probacije Као Deo Kazneno-Popravnog Sistema U Republici Makedoniji

Svetlana Veljanovska
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  • University St. Kliment Ohridski - Bitola, Faculty of Law Rudnička Street, Kičevo, Republic of Macedonia
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Published Online: 2013-11-02 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/sjas10-4714

Abstract

The reform of the system of execution of sanctions is anticipated in the part of the reform of the criminal justice system of the Republic of Macedonia. The functional system for implementing sanctions in modern criminal justice systems implies a complex approach in which besides the dimension of punishment, the dimensions of social reintegration and victim protection play an important role. In such a context, the so-called probation system, has been established. Event though such system has not been established in the Republic of Macedonia up to now, its elements are contained in the existing legal framework in the material and procedural provisions. Some solutions of the previous system can be used with the aim to establish continuity on institutional and operational level.The starting point for the establishment of probation begins with amendments to the Criminal Code of 2004, where in the part that refers to criminal sanctions, the following alternative measures were imposed: probation, suspended sentence with supervision, conditional discontinuation of criminal proceedings, community service, court sanctions and house arrest. The probation is primarily directed towards designing and developing the system of regular individualized assessment of perpetrators, assessing the risk of re-offending, identifying objective and subjective reasons for previous criminal activity and enabling people who already served their prison sentence to have an active and meaningful involvement in the community.

Rezime

U delu reforme kazneno-pravnog sistema Republike Makedonije predviđena je i reforma u sistemu za izvršavanje sankcija. Funkcionalan sistem za izvršavanje sankcija u savremenim kazneno-pravnim sistemima podrazumeva kompleksan pristup u kojem pored dimenzije kažnjavanja važnu ulogu imaju i dimenzije reso- cijalizacije i zaštite žrtve. U tom kontekstu ustanovljen je i tzv. sistem probacije. U Republici Makedoniji do sada nije postojao sistem probacije ali njegovi elementi su sadržani u postojećem zakonskom okviru u materijalnim i u procesnim odredbama. Pojedina rešenja prethodnog sustava mogu biti iskorišćena u funk- ciju uspostavljanja kontinuiteta institucionalnog i funkcionalnog nivoa. Polazna tačka uspostavljanja probacije poćinje izmenama i dopunama Krivićnog zakona iz 2004. godine u kojim su u delu krivićne sankcije uvedene alternativne mere: uslovna osuda, uslovna osuda sa zaštitnim nadzorom, uslovni prekid krivićnog postupka, društveno korisni rad, sudska opomena i kućni zatvor. Ciljevi probacije рге svega su usmereni prema kreiranju i razvoju sistema redovne individualizovane procene poćinilaca krivićnih dela, proceni rizika od ponavljanja krivičnog dela, identifikovanju objektivnih i subjektivnih razloga za prethodno kriminalno delovanje, kao i aktivnom i planski osmisljenom uključivanju u zajednicu osobama koji su već odslužile zatvorsku kaznu.

Keywords: probation; sanctions; alternative measures; criminal offense

Ključne reči: probacija; sankcija; alternativne mere; krivicno delo (prekršaj)

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About the article

Published Online: 2013-11-02

Published in Print: 2013-10-01


Citation Information: Singidunum Journal of Applied Sciences, ISSN (Online) 2217-8783 , DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/sjas10-4714.

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