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Scandinavian Journal of Pain

Official Journal of the Scandinavian Association for the Study of Pain

Editor-in-Chief: Breivik, Harald


CiteScore 2017: 0.84

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.401
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.452

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1877-8879
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Volume 13, Issue 1

Issues

Construct validity and reliability of Finnish version of Örebro Musculoskeletal Pain Screening Questionnaire

Olli Ruokolainen
  • Corresponding author
  • Center for Life Course Health Research, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
  • Medical Research Center Oulu, University of Oulu and Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Marianne Haapea
  • Center for Life Course Health Research, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
  • Medical Research Center Oulu, University of Oulu and Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
  • Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Steven Linton
  • Center for Health and Medical Psychology, Department of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Katariina Korniloff / Arja Häkkinen
  • Department of Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland
  • Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Jyväskylä Central Hospital, Jyväskylä, Finland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Markus Paananen / Jaro Karppinen
  • Center for Life Course Health Research, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
  • Medical Research Center Oulu, University of Oulu and Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
  • Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Oulu, Finland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2016-10-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjpain.2016.06.002

Abstract

Introduction

Chronic pain causes suffering for affected individuals and incurs costs to society through work disability. Interventions based on early screening of psychological risk factors for chronic pain using screening tools such as the Örebro Musculoskeletal Pain Screening Questionnaire (ÖMPSQ) have been found to reduce work absenteeism and health care visits and increase perceived health. The aim of the current study was to translate the ÖMPSQ into Finnish and test its validity and reliability in a patient sample.

Methods

The ÖMPSQ was forward–backward translated and cross-culturally adapted, and applied to our study population (n = 69), the members of which had been referred to the Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine of Oulu University Hospital from primary health care centres in Northern Finland due to chronic low back pain. The patients answered the ÖMPSQ two weeks before the hospital visit, and the follow-up questionnaire either during the hospital visit, or after by mail. The reliability of the ÖMPSQ was evaluated using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC). Factor analysis was used to group items of the ÖMPSQ, and internal consistency between the items was determined by calculating Cronbach’s alphas.

Results

The cross-cultural adaptation revealed only minor semantic and cultural differences. Measurements showed reliability as moderate to nearly perfect for all of the ÖMPSQ items (ICC values ranged from 0.59 to 0.96). Items loaded into five different factors: disability, psychological symptoms, pain, fear avoidance, and work. All except one (work) showed acceptable internal consistency. The ÖMPSQ score was positively associated with both intensity of pain and the Oswestry Disability Index.

Conclusions and implications

The reliability and construct validity of the Finnish version of the ÖMPSQ were good. The predictive ability of the ÖMPSQ in the Finnish population should be evaluated in further studies.

This article offers supplementary material which is provided at the end of the article.

Keywords: Örebro Musculoskeletal Pain Screening; Questionnaire; Validation; Translation; Low back pain

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About the article

Center for Life Course Epidemiology and Systems Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oulu, Box 5000, 90014 University of Oulu, Finland. Tel.: +358 403568820.


Received: 2016-04-01

Revised: 2016-06-01

Accepted: 2016-06-03

Published Online: 2016-10-01

Published in Print: 2016-10-01


Conflict of interest: None declared.

Ethical issues: The study was approved by the ethics committee of the Northern Ostrobothnia Hospital District and was conducted following the principles of the declaration of Helsinki. All the participants took part voluntarily and signed a written informed consent form.


Citation Information: Scandinavian Journal of Pain, Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages 148–153, ISSN (Online) 1877-8879, ISSN (Print) 1877-8860, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjpain.2016.06.002.

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