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Scandinavian Journal of Pain

Official Journal of the Scandinavian Association for the Study of Pain

Editor-in-Chief: Breivik, Harald

CiteScore 2018: 0.85

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.494
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.427

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Volume 13, Issue 1


Pain relief during childbirth: Efficacy and safety of prolonging labour-analgesia with morphine directly into the lumbar cerebro-spinal-fluid (CSF)

Harald Breivik
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Pain Management and Research, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
  • Department of Anaesthesiology, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
  • University of Oslo, Faculty of Medicine, Oslo, Norway
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2016-10-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjpain.2016.09.006


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    Al-Kazwini H, Sandven I, Dahl V, Rosseland LA. Prolonging the duration of singleshot intrathecal labour analgesia with morphine: a systematic review. Scand J Pain 2016;13:36–42.PubMedWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

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    Melzack R. The myth of painless childbirth. Pain 1984;19:321–37.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

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    Breivik H. Local anesthetic blocks epidurals. In: McMahon SB, Koltzenburg M, Tracey I, Turk DC, editors. Wall and Melzack’s Textbook of Pain. Sixth Edition Philadelphia: Elsevier; 2013. p. 523–37. Chapter 37.Google Scholar

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    Brennan F, Carr DB, Cousins M. Pain management: a fundamental human right. Anesth Analg 2007;105:205–21.PubMedCrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

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    Breivik H, Bond M. Why pain control matters in a world full of killer diseases. Pain Clinical Update (IASP) 2004;12:1–4.Google Scholar

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    Eisenach JC, Pan PH, Smiley R, Lavand’homme P, Landau R, Houle TT. Severity of acute pain after childbirth, but not type of delivery, predicts persistent pain and postpartum depression. Pain 2008;140:87–94.CrossrefWeb of SciencePubMedGoogle Scholar

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    Wisner KL, Stika CS, Clark CT. Double duty: does epidural labor analgesia reduce both pain and postpartum depression? Anesth Analg 2014;119: 219–21.CrossrefPubMedWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

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    Breivik H, Bogod D. Obstetric analgesia and anaesthesia. In: Aitkenhead AR, Jones RM, editors. Clinical anaesthesia. London: Churchill Livingstone; 1996. p. 329–65.Google Scholar

About the article

Department of Pain Management and Research, Oslo University Hospital, Pox 4950, Nydalen, 0424 Oslo, Norway. Tel.:+47 23073691.

Published Online: 2016-10-01

Published in Print: 2016-10-01

Conflict of interest: None declared.

Citation Information: Scandinavian Journal of Pain, Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages 138–139, ISSN (Online) 1877-8879, ISSN (Print) 1877-8860, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjpain.2016.09.006.

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