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Scandinavian Journal of Pain

Official Journal of the Scandinavian Association for the Study of Pain

Editor-in-Chief: Breivik, Harald

CiteScore 2018: 0.85

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.494
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.427

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Volume 15, Issue 1


New knowledge reduces risk of damage to spinal cord from spinal haematoma after epidural- or spinal-analgesia and from spinal cord stimulator leads

Harald Breivik
  • Corresponding author
  • University of Oslo, Faculty of Medicine, Oslo, Norway
  • Oslo University Hospital, Department of Pain Management and Research, Oslo, Norway
  • Oslo University Hospital, Department of Anaesthesiology, Oslo, Norway
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2017-04-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjpain.2017.01.011


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    Lagerkranser M. Neuraxial blocks and spinal haematoma: review of 166 case reports published 1994–2015. Part 1: demographics and risk-factors. Scand J Pain 2017;15:118–29.CrossrefWeb of SciencePubMedGoogle Scholar

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    Lagerkranser M, Lindquist C. Neuraxial blocks and spinal haematoma: review of 166 cases published 1994–2015. Part 2: diagnosis, treatment, and outcome. Scand J Pain 2017;15:130–6.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

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    Kreppel D, Antoniadis G, Seeling W. Spinal hematoma: a literature survey with meta-analysis of 613 patients. Neurosurg Rev 2003;26:1–49, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10143-002-0224-y.CrossrefPubMed

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    Hanley JA, Lippman-Hand A. If nothing goes wrong, is everything all right? Interpreting zero numerators. From the Department of Epidemiology and Health (Drs Hanley and Lippman-Hand) and the Centre for Human Genetics (Dr Lippman-Hand), McGill University, Montreal. JAMA 1983;249:1743–5, http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.1983.03330370053031.

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    Thomas OD. Haemostatic safety in epidural analgesia. Lund: Lund University, Faculty of Medicine; 2016, ISBN 978-91-7619-343-3. ISSN: 1652-8220. Lund University, Faculty of Medicine Doctoral Dissertation Series 2016:117 http://portal.research.lu.se/portal/?les/15557976/Haemostatic_safety_in_epidural_analgesia_minus_manus.pdf (last downloaded January 10, 2017).

  • [6]

    Breivik H, Bang U, Jalonen J, Vigfússon G, Alahuhta S, Lagerkranser M. Nordic guidelines for neuraxial blocks in disturbed haemostasis from the Scandinavian Society of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2010;54:16–41.Web of SciencePubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

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    Breivik H, Norum H, Fenger-Eriksen C, Alahuhta S, Vigfússon G, Thomas O, Lagerkranser M. Reducing risk of spinal cord-injury in patients who benefit from neuraxial blocks but have disturbed haemostasis. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2017 [in press].Google Scholar

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    Thomas O, Rein H, Strandberg K, Schött U. Coagulative safety of epidural catheters after major upper gastrointestinal surgery: advanced and routine coagulation analysis in 38 patients. Perioper Med (Lond) 2016;5:28.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

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    Breivik H. Local anesthetic blocks and epidurals. In: McMahon SB, Koltzenburg M, Tracey I, Turk DC, editors. Wall and Melzack’s textbook of pain. sixth ed. Elsevier: Philadelphia; 2013. p. 523–37 [chapter 37].Google Scholar

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    Breivik H. Terminal cancer pain intractable by conventional pain management can be effectively relieved by intrathecal administration of a local anaesthetic plus an opioid and an alfa2-agonist into the cerebro-spinal-?uid. Scand J Pain 2017;15:71–3.Google Scholar

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    Mastenbroek TC, Kramp-Henriks BJ, Kallewaard JW, Vonk JM. Multimodal intrathecal analgesia in refractory cancer pain. Scand J Pain 2017;15:39–43.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

About the article

Oslo University Hospital, Department of Pain Management and Research, PO Box 4956 Nydalen, 0424 Oslo, Norway. Fax: +47 23073690.

Published Online: 2017-04-01

Published in Print: 2017-04-01

Conflicts of interest: None declared

Citation Information: Scandinavian Journal of Pain, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 115–117, ISSN (Online) 1877-8879, ISSN (Print) 1877-8860, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjpain.2017.01.011.

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