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Scandinavian Journal of Pain

Official Journal of the Scandinavian Association for the Study of Pain

Editor-in-Chief: Werner, Mads


CiteScore 2018: 0.85

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.494
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.427

Online
ISSN
1877-8879
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Volume 16, Issue 1

Issues

Prevalence and pattern of helmet-induced headache among Danish military personnel

Z. Rahmani
  • Department of Health Science and Technology, Faculty of Medicine, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ A. Kochanek
  • Department of Health Science and Technology, Faculty of Medicine, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ J.J. Astrup
  • Department of Health Science and Technology, Faculty of Medicine, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ J.N. Poulsen
  • Department of Health Science and Technology, Faculty of Medicine, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ P. Gazerani
Published Online: 2017-07-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjpain.2017.04.054

Abstract

Aims

Headache is a leading reason to seek medical care. Several subtypes of headaches have been defined, one of which is external compression headache. This headache is due to an external physical compression applied on the head. It affects approximately 4% of the general population; however, certain populations for example construction workers and military personnel with particular needs of headwear or helmet are at higher risk for development of this type of headache. Generally, external compression headache is poorly studied and there is no report on helmet-induced headache among Danish military personnel. This survey-based study was designed to investigate prevalence and pattern of helmet-induced external compression headache among these personnel.

Methods

Questionnaires were carefully developed and delivered to a total of 279 participants who use helmets in the Danish military service. The military of the Northern Jutland region of Denmark facilitated recruitment of study participants. Questionnaires were delivered on paper and anonymous answers were collected and used for further analysis. Data were handled using descriptive statistics.

Results

Up to 30% of the participants reported headache in relation to wearing the military helmet. Headache was defined as moderate intensity with pressing pain quality mostly located in front of the head. Two types of helmets in this study were different in the weight and padding of the inner part and delivered different pattern of pressure; while one evenly delivered pressure on multiple head regions, the other delivered pressure mostly on the sides and top of the head. This suggests that helmet pressure and headache location might be associated.

Conclusions

This study was first to demonstrate prevalence and pattern of helmet-induced headache among military personnel in North Jutland, Denmark. Findings of this study call for further attention to helmet-induced headache and strategies to minimize the burden, for example by design of appropriate helmets.

About the article

Published Online: 2017-07-01

Published in Print: 2017-07-01


Citation Information: Scandinavian Journal of Pain, Volume 16, Issue 1, Pages 183–183, ISSN (Online) 1877-8879, ISSN (Print) 1877-8860, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjpain.2017.04.054.

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