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Scandinavian Journal of Pain

Official Journal of the Scandinavian Association for the Study of Pain

Editor-in-Chief: Breivik, Harald

CiteScore 2017: 0.84

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.401
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.452

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Fibromyalgia in biblical times

Elias E. Mazokopakis
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Internal Medicine, Naval Hospital of Crete, Souda, Chania, 73 200, Crete, Greece, Phone: (+30) 2821 0 82754, Fax: (+30) 2821 0 82510
  • Department of Theology, School of Theology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Christos G. Karagiannis
  • Department of Theology, School of Theology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2018-12-22 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/sjpain-2018-0328


Although fibromyalgia (FM) is now a recognized clinical entity, an early description of this clinical syndrome is found in the Old Testament. In this Letter, biblical passages which are mentioned to the main symptoms of FM (e.g. chronic and disabling pain, unrefreshing sleep and physical exhaustion), actually associated with chronic stress and depression, are presented indicatively.

Keywords: David; fibromyalgia; Job; Old Testament; Solomon


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About the article

Received: 2018-10-18

Revised: 2018-11-01

Accepted: 2018-11-07

Published Online: 2018-12-22

Authors’ statements

Research funding: Authors state no funding involved.

Conflict of interest: Authors state no conflict of interest.

Citation Information: Scandinavian Journal of Pain, 20180328, ISSN (Online) 1877-8879, ISSN (Print) 1877-8860, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/sjpain-2018-0328.

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©2018 Scandinavian Association for the Study of Pain. Published by Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston. All rights reserved..Get Permission

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