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Slovenian Journal of Public Health

The Journal of National Institute of Public Health

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1854-2476
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Intra- and inter-personal factors of psychosocial status in Slovenian military personnel with regard to their traumatic event experience

Polona Selič
  • Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Poljanski nasip 58, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
/ Maša Serec
  • Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Poljanski nasip 58, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
/ Davorina Petek
  • Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Poljanski nasip 58, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
/ Maja Rus-Makovec
  • University Psychiatric Hospital Ljubljana & Chair of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Poljanski nasip 58, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Published Online: 2011-07-11 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10152-010-0045-2

Intra- and inter-personal factors of psychosocial status in Slovenian military personnel with regard to their traumatic event experience

Problem: The main objectives of this study were to identify differences in the psychosocial status of military personnel who had and who had no traumatic event experience, and to screen for potential mental health vulnerability related to post-traumatic stress.

Methods: 390 military personnel were included in the study, with 103 of them reporting traumatic event experience. The Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview Screening for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, the CAGE instrument, the Eysenck Personality Scales, the Folkman-Lazarus Ways of Coping Questionnaire, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem scale and self-evaluative questions about important relationships were administered.

Results: The respondents who reported traumatic event experience (TEE) also reported a significantly higher frequency of other stressful events, a significantly more frequent past history of depression (16.5 % of respondents with TEE and 6.2 % of respondents without TEE) and significantly higher risky alcohol drinking; the latter, however, is not higher than the estimate for the total Slovenian population (10.7 % of respondents with TEE and 2.7 % of participants without TEE). Respondents with TEE smoke less frequently than respondents who reported no TEE (46.6 % vs. 60.1 %), and more often rely on self in stressful situations. There was no significant difference between the respondents with reported TEE and those without TEE in their personality traits, coping styles, and self-esteem, or in the majority of job- and family-related factors. No difference was found between male and female personnel as concerns intra-personal factors and in stress-related behaviour.

Conclusions: Intra-personal factors (personality, coping styles, and self-esteem) of military personnel indicate good personal potential for resilience. Stress-related substance (ab)use, especially smoking rates well above the Slovenian average, need further attention. Professional support needs to be promoted, especially in female personnel, who are less likely than men to seek social support in times of stress, and in military personnel exposed to cumulative stressors.

Osebni in Medosebni Dejavniki Psihosocialnega Statusa Pri Osebju Slovenske Vojske Glede na Izkušnjo Travmatskega Dogodka

Problem: S študijo smo želeli opredeliti razlike v psihosocialnem statusu vojaškega osebja glede na morebitni travmatski stresni dogodek in opraviti osnovno presejanje glede duševne ranljivosti, ki jo je povzročila travmatska izkušnja.

Metoda: V študijo smo vključili 390 pripadnikov slovenske vojske, od katerih so 103 poročali o travmatski izkušnji. Uporabili smo naslednje vprašalnike: vprašalnik MINI (angl. The Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview screening) - diagnostična merila za posttravmatsko stresno motnjo, vprašalnik CAGE za presejanje tveganega uživanja alkohola, Eysenckove osebnostne lestvice, Folkman-Lazarusovo lestvico glede načinov spoprijemanja s stresom, Rosenbergovo lestvico samospoštovanja in vprašanja za samoovrednotenje pomembnih navezovalnih odnosov.

Rezultati: Ugotavljamo, da so pri udeležencih z izkušnjo travmatskega dogodka značilno pogosteje prisotni drugi stresni dogodki, izkušnje depresije v preteklosti (16,5 % pri udeležencih z izkušnjo travme in 6,2 % pri udeležencih brez izkušnje travme) in tvegano uživanje alkohola, ki pa ni večje od ocene za slovensko populacijo (10,7 % tveganega uživanja alkohola pri udeležencih z izkušnjo travme in 2,7 % pri udeležencih brez nje). Udeleženci z izkušnjo travme so kadili v značilno manjši meri (46,6 % oz. 60,1 %) in se tudi bolj zanesejo nase v stresnih okoliščinah. Udeleženci študije z izkušnjo travmatskega dogodka se niso pomembno razlikovali od udeležencev, ki niso doživeli travmatskega dogodka, glede osebnostnih dejavnikov, obvladovalnih stilov, ravni samospoštovanja in glede večine dejavnikov, povezanih z delovnim mestom in s pomembnimi izkušnjami iz otroštva. Ženske se niso pomembno razlikovale od moških glede intrapsihičnih dejavnikov in s stresom povezanega vedenja.

Zaključek: Intrapsihični dejavniki (osebnostne značilnosti, obvladovalni stili, raven samospoštovanja) pri članih slovenske vojske nakazujejo precejšnjo psihološko odpornost. V prihodnjih študijah pa se bomo morali posvetiti zlasti s stresom povezani tvegani rabi psihotropnih snovi, posebej kajenju, ki se pojavlja izrazito pogosteje od slovenskega povprečja. Predvsem pripadnice slovenske vojske in osebje, ki je podvrženo pogostim stresnim dejavnikom, pa moramo seznaniti z možnostjo strokovne pomoči, saj je raziskava pokazala, da ti v veliko manjši meri poiščejo kakršno koli obliko socialne podpore.

Keywords: trauma; coping; psychosocial status; military personnel; gender

Keywords: travma; obvladovanje; psihosocialni status; vojaško osebje; spol

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About the article


Published Online: 2011-07-11

Published in Print: 2011-01-01


Citation Information: Slovenian Journal of Public Health, ISSN (Online) 1854-2476, ISSN (Print) 0351-0026, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10152-010-0045-2. Export Citation

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