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Slovenian Journal of Public Health

The Journal of National Institute of Public Health

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Volume 51, Issue 2 (Jan 2012)

Simptoms of anxiety, depression, anger and sexual concern and the role of some demographic characteristic among slovenian youth: a cross sectional study

Maša Bizjak
  • Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Primorska, Polje 42, 6310 Izola, Slovenia
Published Online: 2012-04-03 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10152-012-0012-1

Simptoms of anxiety, depression, anger and sexual concern and the role of some demographic characteristic among slovenian youth: a cross sectional study

Background: There is some evidence that a more elevated level of anxiety and depression is associated with adolescent timing and that depression and anxiety have overlapping symptoms and are conceptually interrelated.

Methods: This cross-sectional study investigated the clinical importance and comorbidity rates of some psychological symptoms. The aim was to explore the presence and intensity of the symptoms of anxiety, depression, anger and sexual concern in Slovenian adolescents. The second aim was to determine the relationship between the sociodemographic characteristics of adolescents and the presence of these symptoms. Two hundred and three adolescents between 15 and 20 years of age completed a questionnaire measuring specific symptoms.

Results and conclusions: The results of the current study indicate that depressive and anxiety symptoms were found not to differ by gender, age and socioeconomic status. Girls and boys showed similar profiles of correlations for depressive and anxiety symptoms. High level of depressive symptoms, such a feelings of sadness, unhappiness, and loneliness, were associated with increased symptoms of anxiety among boys and girls and both expressed more sexual concerns as well. Anger, angry thoughts, feelings and behaviour were strongly linked to preoccupation with sexual thoughts or feelings for both boys and girls. The findings extend the current knowledge in this area. Identifying and assessing depression and other symptoms are essential to ensuring access to appropriate treatment.

Znaki Depresivnosti, Anksioznosti, Jezavosti in Spolnih Preokupacij Ter Vloga Nekaterih Demografskih Karakteristik Med Mladimi v Sloveniji: Presečna Študija

Namen: Nekateri dokazi kažejo, da se povečana stopnja anksioznosti in depresivnosti povezuje z obdobjem adolescence ter da znaki sovpadajo in se povezujejo med seboj.

Metode: Ta presečna študija raziskuje klinično pomembnost in stopnjo komorbidnosti nekaterih psiholoških znakov, to je: depresije, anksioznosti, jeze in skrbi glede spolnosti in povezave med temi znaki med slovensko mladino. Cilj študije je bil določiti tudi vlogo specifičnih demografskih značilnosti, ki so mogoče povezane s povečano stopnjo psiholoških znakov. Dvesto trije adolescenti, stari od 15 do 20 let, so izpolnili klinično lestvico, ki meri specifične znake.

Rezultati in zaključki: Rezultati študije kažejo, da pojavljanje depresivnih in anksioznih znakov ni odvisno od spola, starosti ali od socialno-ekonomskega statusa. Dekleta in fantje kažejo podoben profil povezav med depresivnimi in anksioznimi znaki. Visoka stopnja depresivnosti, kot so na primer občutki žalosti, nesreče in osamljenosti, so bili povezani s povečano stopnjo anksioznosti pri fantih in dekletih. Oboji izkazujejo tudi več skrbi glede spolnosti. Jeza, jezne misli, občutki jeze in vedenje so bili močno povezani s prevzetostjo z mislimi in občutki glede spolnosti pri fantih in dekletih. Rezultati širijo dozdajšnje znanje na tem področju. Identifikacija in ustrezno obravnavanje depresivnosti in drugih z njo povezanih znakov je nujno za zagotavljanje pristopov primerne obravnave ali zdravljenja.

Keywords: adolescents; health; depression; anxiety; anger; gender; age; psychology

Keywords: adolescenti; zdravje; depresija; anksioznost; jeza; spol; starost; psihologija

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About the article

Published Online: 2012-04-03

Published in Print: 2012-01-01

Citation Information: Slovenian Journal of Public Health, ISSN (Online) 1854-2476, ISSN (Print) 0351-0026, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10152-012-0012-1.

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