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Slovak Journal of Political Sciences

The Journal of University of Saint Cyril and Metodius in Trnava

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1335-9096
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Openness of the Public to Right-Wing Extremism and Social Distance to Minorities

František Bartoš
Published Online: 2014-03-11 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/sjps-2013-0001

Abstract

The article informs of the results of research for the Ministry of Interior of the Czech Republic. Its main aim was to state the measure of risk of right-wing extremism in the Czech Republic and to define the most endangered groups. One of the phases of the project was a questionnaire research (n = 2056, population older than 15 years, probability selection). Through personal interviews has been found that in the Czech Republic there are 2.5 % of inhabitants who share ultra-right ideas and they are willing to support the parties offering a radical solution only with their votes. People sharing ideas characteristic of right-wing extremism and at the same time willing to actively support a party offering a radical solution represent 6 %. From the research then results that the main risk from the viewpoint of the fight against right-wing extremism is represented by the second mentioned group. Both high-risk groups show the highest measure of social distance to the Jews, black people and the Ukrainians, but also to homosexuals. The high-risk group is statistically significantly more distant to the Romas as well. The Romas represent the group that the studied high-risk groups perceive with the biggest antagonism.

Abstraktné

Článok informuje o výsledkoch výskumu pre Ministerstvo vnútra Českej republiky. Jej hlavným cieľom bolo uviesť mieru rizika pravicového extrémizmu v Českej republike a definovať najviac ohrozené skupiny. Jednou z fáz projektu bol dotazníkový prieskum (N = 2056, populácia staršia ako 15 rokov, pravdepodobnostný výber). Prostredníctvom osobných rozhovorov bolo zistené, že v Českej republike je 2,5% obyvateľov, ktorí zdieľajú ultrapravicové myšlienky a sú ochotní podporiť strany, ktoré ponúkajú radikálne riešenie prostredníctvom ich hlasov. Ľudia, ktorí zdieľajú myšlienky charakteristické pre pravicový extrémizmus a zároveň aktívne podporujú strany ponúkajúce radikálne riešenie, predstavuje 6%. Z výskumu vyplýva, že hlavné riziko z hľadiska boja proti pravicovému extrémizmu je tvorí druhá spomínaná skupina. Obe vysoko rizikové skupiny vykazujú najvyššiu mieru sociálnej vzdialenosti k Židom, černochom a Ukrajincom, ale aj voči homosexuálom. Rovnako do tejto kategórie spadajú Rómovia. Rómovia predstavujú skupinu, ktorú skúmané vysoko rizikové skupiny vnímajú s najväčším antagonizmom.

Keywords: right-wing extremism; inequality; foreigners; minorities; hate crime; Romas; social distance

Kľúčové slová: pravicový extrémizmus; nerovnosť; cudzinci; menšiny; neznášanlivosť a kriminalita; Rómovia; sociálna vzdialenosť

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About the article

František Bartoš

František Bartoš studied sociology at the Faculty of Philosophy of Charles´ University (FF UK). Since 2008 he has been working in private sector, focusing on political, marketing and public opinion research. He specializes in both qualitative and quantitative research in its theoretical and practical aspects. Within his PhD programme at the FF UK, he specialized thematically in the problems of individualism, narcissism, socially pathological behaviour, and behaviour of individuals as affected by their psychosocial orientation.


Published Online: 2014-03-11

Published in Print: 2012-01-01


Citation Information: Slovak Journal of Political Sciences, ISSN (Online) 1335-9096 , DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/sjps-2013-0001.

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