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Slovak Journal of Political Sciences

The Journal of University of Saint Cyril and Metodius in Trnava

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European Identity and its Relationship to National and Ethnic Identities among Younger and Older Members of Ethnic Minority Groups

Natalia Waechter
  • Corresponding author
  • University Graz, Department of Educational Science, 8010 Graz, Merangasse 70, Austria
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Published Online: 2014-03-25 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/sjps-2014-0005

Abstract

European Identity and its Relationship to National and Ethnic Identities among Younger and Older Members of Ethnic Minority Groups. European identity is neither a new phenomenon nor a new concept. Yet, after almost three decades of research, this area is characterized by a wide variety of concepts and little empirical evidence. Existing studies in the area propose homogeneous concepts of societies and often disregard European identity among ethnic minorities and non-citizens. This paper addresses the gap in the literature and analyses European identity among 12 minority groups living in Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries that have already become or might become EU members. The purpose of this study is to examine the choice of European identity and attitudes towards Europe in relation to other identities among respondents with an ethnic minority background. The paper addresses this question within the life-course perspective and examines differences in identity levels between the young and older cohorts of minority groups. For our analysis we have used a sample of 6800 members of ethnic minorities living in CEE (ENRIValues and Identities Survey). Our results indicate a stronger level of European orientation among minority young people in comparison to adults. Moreover, the study shows that while young minority cohorts manifest stronger levels of European identity than adults, their levels of national and ethnic identity are significantly lower. While adults consider their national identity to be more salient than European identity, young people give the two equal degrees of importance. At the same time, for both young people and adults, the results illustrate that European identity is compatible with both national and ethnic identities

Abstract

Európska identita a jej vzťah k národným a národnostným identitám medzi mladšími a staršími príslušníkmi národnostných menšín. Európska identita nie je ani nový fenomén, ani nový koncept. Napriek tomu, po takmer tridsiatich rokoch, charakterizuje túto oblasť množstvo konceptov a málo empirických dôkazov. Jestvujúce štúdie v tejto oblasti ponúkajú homogénne koncepty spoločností a často neberú do úvahy európsku identitu medzi národnostnými menšinami a cudzincami. Táto štúdia sa zaoberá medzerou v literatúre a analyzuje európsku identitu medzi 12 národnostnými skupinami v krajinách strednej a východnej Európy, ktoré sa už stali alebo mohli by sa stať členmi Európskej únie. Účelom tejto štúdie je preskúmať voľbu európskej identity a postoje k Európe vo vzťahu k iným identitám medzi respondentmi, ktorí majú pôvod v národnostnej menšine. Štúdia sa zaoberá touto otázkou v rámci životnej perspektívy a skúma rozdiely v úrovni identity medzi mladšími a staršími príslušníkmi menšinových skupín. Vo svojej analýze sme použili vzorku z 6 800 príslušníkov národnostných menších žijúcich v strednej a východnej Európe. Naše výsledky naznačujú vyššiu úroveň európskej orientácie medzi mladšími ľuďmi z národnostnej menšiny v porovnaní s dospelými. Okrem toho táto štúdia ukazuje, že kým mladší príslušníci národnostnej menšiny dávajú najavo vyššie úrovne európskej identity než dospelí, ich úrovne národnej a národnostnej identity sú preukazne nižšie. Zatiaľ čo dospelí sa domnievajú, že ich národná identita je význačnejšia než európska, mladší ľudia udávajú dva rovnaké stupne dôležitosti. Výsledky v prípade mladých ľudí a dospelých zároveň ukazujú, že európska identita je kompatibilná s národnými aj národnostnými identitam

Keywords: identity; ethnic minority; young people; European identity; attitudes towards Europe; Central and Eastern Europe; ENRI-East

Kľúčovéslová: identita; národnostná menšina; mladí ľudia; európska identita; postoje k Európe; stredná a východná Európa; ENRI-Východ

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About the article

Published Online: 2014-03-25

Published in Print: 2014-03-01



Citation Information: Slovak Journal of Political Sciences, ISSN (Online) 1335-9096 , DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/sjps-2014-0005. Export Citation

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