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Slovak Journal of Political Sciences

The Journal of University of Saint Cyril and Metodius in Trnava

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1335-9096
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Republic of Moldova: Diaspora and Diaspora Policy

Prof. Valeriu Mosneaga
Published Online: 2014-03-25 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/sjps-2014-0007

Abstract

Republic of Moldova: Diaspora and Diaspora policy. In this article the Moldovan Diaspora and Moldova’s policy regarding Diasporas phenomena are researched. The historical and the contemporary contexts of formation of Moldovan Diasporas are revealed. The roles of Moldovan citizens’ labor migration, as well as the formation of Moldovan communities and Diasporas abroad are analyzed. The main directions of Moldova’s Diaspora policy are shown: visa free regime and readmission; mobility and circular migration; juridical and social protection of Moldovan migrants abroad; the return and reintegration of Moldovan labor migrants into their homeland’s society. The role of state bodies in the development and implementation of migration policies on a national level is analyzed; the institutional changes and role of the Bureau for the Relations with Diaspora in the coordination of Moldovan state structures’ activity towards working with the Moldovan Diaspora is demonstrated. The role of non-state actors (migrant associations, Diaspora congresses, the church, trade unions, and other) in maintaining of language, culture, traditions, Moldovan identity, in the social and economical development, and Moldova’s cooperation with the accepting country are revealed. The state’s activity in protecting and respecting the political, socioeconomical, and cultural rights of Moldovan emigrants is characterized

Abstract

Moldavská republika: Diaspóra a politika diaspóry. V tomto článku sa skúma moldavská diaspóra a moldavská politika týkajúca sa fenoménu diaspóry. Odhaľujú sa historické a súčasné kontexty formovania moldavskej diaspóry a analyzujú sa úlohy pracovnej migrácie moldavských občanov ako aj vznik moldavských komunít a diaspór v zahraničí. Ukazujú sa hlavné smery politiky moldavskej diaspóry: bezvízový režim a znovuprijatie; mobilita a kruhová migrácia; právna a sociálna ochrana moldavských migrantov v zahraničí; návrat a opätovná integrácia moldavských pracovných migrantov do spoločnosti vo vlasti. Analyzuje sa úloha štátnych orgánov vo vývoji a implementácii migračnej politiky na národnej úrovni; demonštrujú sa inštitucionálne zmeny a úloha Úradu pre vzťahy s diaspórou v koordinácii činnosti moldavských štátnych štruktúr k práci s moldavskou diaspórou. Úloha neštátnych aktérov (migračné združenia, kongresy o diaspóre, cirkev, odbory a ostatné) v udržiavaní jazyka, kultúry a tradícií, moldavskej identity v sociálnom a hospodárskom vývoji, a odhaľuje sa moldavská spolupráca s prijímacou krajinou. Charakterizuje sa činnosť štátu v ochrane a rešpektovaní politických, sociálno-ekonomických a kultúrnych právach moldavských emigrantov

Keywords: Moldovan Diaspora; Diaspora policy; visa free regime and readmission; mobility and circular migration; returning of labor migrants; ethnocultural associations; rights of Moldovan emigrants

Kľúčovéslová: moldavská diaspóra; politika diaspóry; bezvízový režim a znovuprijatie; mobilita a kruhová migrácia; návrat pracovných migrantov; etno-kultúrne združenia; práva moldavských emigrantov

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About the article

Published Online: 2014-03-25

Published in Print: 2014-03-01


Citation Information: Slovak Journal of Political Sciences, ISSN (Online) 1335-9096 , DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/sjps-2014-0007.

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