Zeitschrift für Slawistik
Ed. by Kosta, Peter / Kuße, Holger / Prunitsch, Christian / Udolph, Ludger
CiteScore 2017: 0.16
SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.148
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.055
Being an empiricist, Lem advocated an extensional semantics, a fundamental aspect of which is the distinction between designata with and designata without an empirical extension (pol. nazwy puste). The latter include fantastic objects, such as flying snails, dwarves, computers that hypnotise etc. Referring to Lem's classification of the Fantastic, the paper raises the question of the possibility and usefulness of creating terms that are not empirically extensional, which is the main question in the theory of language and communication in Lem's theoretical publications as well as in his works of fiction. Since Lem saw definitions of such terms in texts (of any length), and since the meaning of a text always depends on the situation in which it is embedded, Lem's semantics can be described as partial contextualism. Linguistic signs are considered being representations of facts and objects in the world. But they represent extra-linguistic facts always in pragmatic situations (contexts). And the overall pragmatic situation determines the possibilities and limitations of the production and reception of signs and meanings. Against this background, dealing with fantastic objects as part of literature meant for Lem pacing out the borders of communication.