Zeitschrift für Slawistik
Ed. by Kosta, Peter / Kuße, Holger / Prunitsch, Christian / Udolph, Ludger
4 Issues per year
CiteScore 2017: 0.16
SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.148
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.055
Von Schweinen, Molchen und Pinguinen: ‚Tierische‘ Gesellschaftskritik in der ersten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts (France, Mac Orlan, Čapek, Orwell)
In European fiction the use of animal characters is quite common, as in the tradition of the fable and the beast epic. In this tradition the dominant means of presentation is the allegory. This paper focuses on four texts by A. France, P. Mac Orlan, K. Čapek and G. Orwell in which animal characters are used in a different way. Their interaction with human beings creates a grotesque constellation, which serves to satirize certain aspects of the social development of mankind. Even though the objects of satire are quite different, the four texts share the same genre conventions in that they parody the long tradition of utopian writing. Regarding their intention these texts therefore can be compared to the famous dystopian novels of the first half of the 20th century by E. Zamjatin, A. Huxley and G. Orwell.