Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Spiritual Care

Zeitschrift für Spiritualität in den Gesundheitsberufen

Editor-in-Chief: Frick, Eckhard / Peng-Keller, Simon

Ed. by Aberer, Elisabeth / Bischoff, Alexander / Büssing, Arndt / Eschmann, Holger / Hefti, René / Klein, Constantin / Maidl, Lydia / Mayr, Beate / Roser, Traugott / Utsch, Michael / Zwingmann, Christian

4 Issues per year

Online
ISSN
2365-8185
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Religiös-spirituelle Dimension bei psychischen Krankheiten – Depression: positive und negative Auswirkungen religiösen Erlebens

Religious spiritual dimension of psychiatric diseases – Depression: positive and negative effects of religious experience

Friedel M. Reischies
Published Online: 2017-01-19 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/spircare-2016-0209

Zusammenfassung

Religiosität wird als Schutzfaktor gegen Depression dargestellt. Es gibt positive religiöse Einflüsse wie positive Bewältigungsmechanismen der Depression und religiöse Mechanismen der Resilienz gegen ein Auftreten einer Depression. Es gibt aber auch negative religiöse Erlebnisse. Das zweischneidige Schwert der Religion bei der Depression wird in den Vordergrund gestellt. In der Zukunft ist die Rolle der Religiosität in der Psychiatrie der Depression mehr zu beachten. Die Art religiösen Erlebens des Patienten sollte diagnostisch wahrgenommen und berücksichtigt werden, vor allem jedoch auch in der Psychotherapie. Besonders gilt dies für die negativen religiösen Erlebensweisen.

Abstract

Religious experience is described as a protective factor against depression. There are positive religious factors such as positive coping mechanisms and religious resilience against depression. However, there are also negative religious experiences. The nature of religion as a double-edged sword in regard to depression is emphasized. In future, in psychiatry of depression the role of religious experience needs more attention. The nature of religious experience should be taken into account in diagnosis and in psychotherapy and spiritual care especially – this applies in particular to negative religious experiences.

Schlüsselwörter: Depression; Religiosität; negatives religiöses Coping; Psychotherapie

Keywords: Depression; religiosity; negative religious coping; psychotherapy

Literatur

  • Bjørkløf GH, Engedal K, Selbæk G, Kouwenhoven SE, Helvik AS (2013) Coping and depression in old age: a literature review. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders 35:121–154.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Bonelli RM, Koenig HG (2013) Mental disorders, religion and spirituality 1990 to 2010: a systematic evidence-based review. Journal of Religion and Health 52:657–73.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Braam AW, Hein E, Deeg DJ, Twisk JW, Beekman AT, Van Tilburg W (2004) Religious involvement and 6-year course of depressive symptoms in older Dutch citizens: results from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam. Journal of Aging and Health 16:467–89.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Braam AW, Prince MJ, Beekman AT, Delespaul P, Dewey ME, Geerlings SW, Kivela SL, Lawlor BA, Magnusson H, Meller I, Pérès K, Reischies FM, Roelands M, Schoevers RA, Saz P, Skoog I, Turrina C, Versporten A, Copeland JR (2005) Physical health and depressive symptoms in older Europeans. Results from EURODEP. British Journal of Psychiatry 187:35–42.Google Scholar

  • Braam AW, Deeg DJ, Poppelaars JL, Beekman AT, van Tilburg W (2007) Prayer and depressive symptoms in a period of secularization: patterns among older adults in the Netherlands. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 15:273–81.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Braam AW, Schaap-Jonker H, van der Horst MH, Steunenberg B, Beekman, AT, van Tilburg W, Deeg DJ (2014) Twelve-year history of late-life depression and subsequent feelings to God. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 22:1272–81.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Fiske A, Wetherell LW, Gatz M (2009) Depression in older adults. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology 5:363–389.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Hayward RD, Owen AD, Koenig HG, Steffens DC, Payne ME (2012) Longitudinal relationships of religion with posttreatment depression severity in older psychiatric patients: evidence of direct and indirect effects. Depression Research and Treatment. Article ID 745970.Google Scholar

  • Kasen S, Wickramaratne P, Gameroff MJ, Weissman MM (2012) Religiosity and resilience in persons at high risk for major depression. Psychological Medicine 42: 509–519.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Koenig HG (2012) Religion, spirituality, and health: The research and clinical implications. International Scholarly Research Network, Internal Scholarly Research Notices. Article ID 278730 Google Scholar

  • Mayr B, Elhardt E, Riedner C, Roser T, Frick E & Paal P (2016) Die Kluft zwischen eingeschätzten und tatsächlichen Fähigkeiten bei der Erhebung der spirituellen Anamnese. Spiritual Care 5:9–16.Google Scholar

  • Miller L, Wickramaratne P, Gameroff MJ, Sage M, Tenke CE Weissman MM (2012) Religiosity and major depression in adults at high risk: a ten-year prospective study. American Journal of Psychiatry 169:89–94.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Propst LR, Ostrom R, Watkins P, Dean T, Mashburn D (1992) Comparative efficacy of religious and nonreligious cognitive-behavioral therapy for the treatment of clinical depression in religious individuals. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 60:94–103.Google Scholar

  • Pargament KI (1997) The psychology of religion and coping: theory, research, practice. New York: The Guilford Press.Google Scholar

  • Pargament KI (Hg.) (2013) APA Handbook of psychology, religion, and spirituality. Washington DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar

  • Pargament KI (2014) Im Gespräch mit Kenneth Pargament. Spiritual Care 3:264–270.Google Scholar

  • Reischies FM (2007) Religion als Auslöser und Inhalt psychischer Symptome. In: Mönter N (Hg.) Seelische Erkrankung, Religion und Sinndeutung. Bonn: Psychiatrie Verlag. 47–64.Google Scholar

  • Reischies FM (2015) Sinnsuche und Sinnverlust – Psychopathologie expliziter und impliziter Sinnfindung und die Rolle religiöser Inhalte. In: Zimmermann J, Grässler W, Sülz C, Heinze M (Hg.) Psychotherapie, Naturwissenschaft und Religion. Lengerich: Papst Science Publishers. 169–177.Google Scholar

  • Taylor RJ, Chatters LM, Abelson JM (2012) Religious involvement and DSM IV 12 month and lifetime major depressive disorder among African Americans. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 200:856–862.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Trevino KM, Balboni M, Zollfrank A, Balboni T, Prigerson HG (2014) Negative religious coping as a correlate of suicidal ideation in patients with advanced cancer. Psychooncology 23:936–45.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Van Ness PH, Larson DB (2002) Religion, senescence, and mental health. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 10:386–397.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2017-01-19

Published in Print: 2017-01-01


Citation Information: Spiritual Care, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 31–35, ISSN (Online) 2365-8185, ISSN (Print) 2193-3804, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/spircare-2016-0209.

Export Citation

© 2017 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.Get Permission

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in