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Influence of human activities on the soils of Debrecen, Hungary

Gábor Sándor
  • Corresponding author
  • University of Debrecen, Institute of Geography, Department of Landscape Protection and Environmental Geography Egyetem square 1, 4032 Debrecen, Hungary
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  • Other articles by this author:
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/ György Szabó
  • University of Debrecen, Institute of Geography, Department of Landscape Protection and Environmental Geography Egyetem square 1, 4032 Debrecen, Hungary
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2014-05-08 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/ssa-2014-0001


Soil profiles of the city centre of Debrecen were investigated in order to examine their properties and investigate the vertical distribution of heavy metals as a measure the anthropogenic activity. During the laboratory work the basic soil features were identified (texture, artefact content, pH, CaCO3, and amounts of organic matter). Furthermore, contents of Pb, Zn, Cu and Co in the soils were measured. Most of the metals showed a strong positive correlation with the humus content and the silt fraction. The soils of the city centre are exposed to a significant anthropogenic effect, therefore the original soil morphologies are usually difficult to identify. The soil profiles are greatly disturbed, which is traceable in the vertical distribution of certain soil features and metal contents.

Keywords: urban soils; Debrecen; anthropogenic effect; artefact content; metal content


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About the article

Received: 2013-10-12

Accepted: 2014-03-11

Published Online: 2014-05-08

Published in Print: 2014-03-01

Citation Information: Soil Science Annual, Volume 65, Issue 1, Pages 2–9, ISSN (Online) 2300-4975, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/ssa-2014-0001.

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© by Gábor Sádor. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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