Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Soil Science Annual

formerly Roczniki Gleboznawcze

4 Issues per year

Index Copernicus Value- 93.69 pkt

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2300-4975
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Influence of human activities on the soils of Debrecen, Hungary

Gábor Sándor
  • Corresponding author
  • University of Debrecen, Institute of Geography, Department of Landscape Protection and Environmental Geography Egyetem square 1, 4032 Debrecen, Hungary
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ György Szabó
  • University of Debrecen, Institute of Geography, Department of Landscape Protection and Environmental Geography Egyetem square 1, 4032 Debrecen, Hungary
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2014-05-08 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/ssa-2014-0001

Abstract

Soil profiles of the city centre of Debrecen were investigated in order to examine their properties and investigate the vertical distribution of heavy metals as a measure the anthropogenic activity. During the laboratory work the basic soil features were identified (texture, artefact content, pH, CaCO3, and amounts of organic matter). Furthermore, contents of Pb, Zn, Cu and Co in the soils were measured. Most of the metals showed a strong positive correlation with the humus content and the silt fraction. The soils of the city centre are exposed to a significant anthropogenic effect, therefore the original soil morphologies are usually difficult to identify. The soil profiles are greatly disturbed, which is traceable in the vertical distribution of certain soil features and metal contents.

Keywords: urban soils; Debrecen; anthropogenic effect; artefact content; metal content

References

  • 6/2009 (IV. 14.) Joint Decree of the Hungarian Ministries of Environment, Healthcare and Agriculture, respectively about the limit values and standard procedures to assess the pollution level, in order to protect the geological medium and ground- waters against pollution.Google Scholar

  • Bidló L., Szûcs P., Kámán O., Németh E., Horváth A., 2012. Soil conditions in Székesfehérvár. International Scientific Conference on Sustainable Development and Ecological Footprint, The Impact of Urbanization, Industrial and Agricultural Technologies on the Natural Environment: 1.6.Google Scholar

  • Charzyñski P., Hulisz P., 2013. Soils forming on the buildings in Toruñ [In] Technogenic soils of Poland (Charzyñski P., Hulisz P., Bednarek R., Editors).Polisih Society of Soils Science, Toruñ: 81.84.Google Scholar

  • Csorba P., 2008. Ecology pathway in Debrecen . Meridián Foundation, Debrecen: 44 pp.Google Scholar

  • Hargitai L., 1989. Investigation of humus-heavy metal connections and its environmental protection significance. Agrochemistry and Pedology 38(1.2): 155.160.Google Scholar

  • Horváth A., Szûcs P., Kámán O., Németh E., Bidló A., 2013. The examination of topsoils in Sopron and its area. Landscape Ecology 11(1): 1.10.Google Scholar

  • Howard J.L., Olszewska D., 2011. Pedogenesis, geochemical forms of heavy metals, and artifact weathering in an urban soil chronosequence, Detroit, Michigan. Environmental Pollution 159: 754.761.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Imperato M., Adamo P., Naimo D., Arienzo M., Stanzione D., Violante P., 2003. Spatial distribution of heavy metals in urban soils of Naples city (Italy). Environmental Pollution 124: 247.256.Google Scholar

  • IUSS Working Group WRB. 2007. World Reference Base for Soil Resources 2006, first update 2007. World Soil Resources Reports No. 103. FAO, Rome.Google Scholar

  • Kovács M., Nyári I., 1984. The heavy metal contents of the public places of Budapest. Agrochemistry and Pedology 33(3.4): 501.510.Google Scholar

  • Lark R.M., Scheib C., 2013. Land use and lead content in the soils of London. Geoderma 209.210: 65.74.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Li H.B., Yu S., Li G.L., Deng H., Luo X.S., 2011. Contamination and source differentiation of Pb in park soils along an urban-rural gradient in Shanghai. Environmental Pollution 159: 3536.3544.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Martonné E.K., 2008. Landscape Geography of Hungary. Debrecen, Kossuth University Press: 192 pp.Google Scholar

  • Puskás I., Farsang A., 2006. The evaluation of the parameters indicating the level of anthropogenic effects in urban soils. [In:] Kertész Á., Dövényi Z., Kocsis K., Editors). 2006. Third Hungarian Conference on Geography: book of abstracts. Budapest, Geographical Research Institute.Google Scholar

  • Puskás I., 2008. Soils of our cities: the complex evaluation and ranking of the soils in Szeged. University of Szeged, Szeged: 154 pp.Google Scholar

  • Shi G.T., Chen Z.L., Xu S.Y., Zhang J., Wang L., Bi C.J., Teng J.Y., 2008. Potentially toxic metal contamination of urban soils and roadside dust in Shanghai, China. Environmental Pollution 156: 251.260.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Szabó Gy., 2000. Geographical study of heavy metals in soils and plants in a sample area of the north hungarian mountains . Studia Geographica, University of Debrecen, Debrecen: 142 pp.Google Scholar

  • Szabó J., 1998. The effects of settlements. [In:] the effect of the society to the surface (anthropogenic geomorphology) (Borsy Z., Editor). General Natural Geography: 832 pp.Google Scholar

  • Szabó Sz., Posta J., Gosztonyi Gy., Mészáros I., Prokisch J., 2008. Heavy metal content of flood sediments and plants near the River Tisza. AGD Landscape and Environment 2: 120.131. Szabó Sz., Posta J., 2008. The heavy metal content of the geological medium and the speed of the sedimentation in the floodplain [In:] Chapters from Geology dedicated for dr. Kozák Miklós (Püspöki Z., Editor). University of Debrecen, Debrecen: 85.90.Google Scholar

  • Szalai Z., Német T., 2008. The effects of the elemental regional pattern on the soils. chemical parameters) Hungarian Geographical Bulletin 57 (1.2): 135.146.Google Scholar

  • Szegedi S., 1999. Heavy metals in soils and plants of Debrecen of transportation origin, and its pedologic connections and city ecological effects PhD dissertation. Kossuth Lajos University, Department of Applied Landscape Geography, Debrecen: 138 pp.Google Scholar

  • Szegedi S., 2003. The characteristics of the heat island of Debrecen . Chapters from Environment Protection . Fort the 60. birthday of Dr. Kerényi Attila, Debrecen: 383.389. Google Scholar

  • website 1: http://www.geography.hu/geographer/geczi_robert/GR_varosi_talajok.pdf Google Scholar

  • website 2: http://portal.debrecen.hu/upload/File/Gazdasag/koncepciok/kornyezetvedelmi%20program%20.pdfGoogle Scholar

About the article

Received: 2013-10-12

Accepted: 2014-03-11

Published Online: 2014-05-08

Published in Print: 2014-03-01


Citation Information: Soil Science Annual, ISSN (Online) 2300-4975, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/ssa-2014-0001.

Export Citation

© by Gábor Sádor. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
Anna Karczewska and Cezary KabałA
Soil Science Annual, 2017, Volume 68, Number 2
[2]
Joanna Kowalska, Ryszard Mazurek, Michał Gąsiorek, Marcin Setlak, Tomasz Zaleski, and Jaroslaw Waroszewski
Environmental Pollution, 2016, Volume 218, Page 1023
[3]
A. Horváth, R. Szita, A. Bidló, and Z. Gribovszki
Environmental Earth Sciences, 2016, Volume 75, Number 17
[4]
Wolfgang Burghardt, Jean Louis Morel, and Gan-Lin Zhang
Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 2015, Volume 61, Number sup1, Page 3

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in