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Soil Science Annual

formerly Roczniki Gleboznawcze

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2300-4975
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The effect of urbanization on soil properties and soil organic carbon accumulation in topsoil of Pruszków – a medium-sized city in the Warsaw Metropolitan Area, Poland

1 / Kamil Paziewski1 / Wojciech Kwasowski1 / Marek Kondras1

1Warsaw University of Life Science . SGGW, Department of Soil Environment Sciences Nowoursynowska 159, 02-776 Warsaw, Poland

© by Lidia Oktaba. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

Citation Information: Soil Science Annual. Volume 65, Issue 1, Pages 10–17, ISSN (Online) 2300-4975, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/ssa-2014-0002, May 2014

Publication History

Received:
2013-12-18
Accepted:
2014-04-01
Published Online:
2014-05-08

Abstract

The objective of the study was to determine properties of soils located within a city, and to assess the effect of anthropopressure on the accumulation of carbon and nitrogen in soils of Pruszków . a medium sized town in central Poland. Surface soil layers (0.20 cm) were collected at 36 sites. A total of 12 samples from lawns, 11 from allotment gardens, 9 from fields and 4 from fallow lands were subject to analysis. Lawns and allotment gardens were treated as central zone I . under strong pressure of anthropogenic factors, fields and fallow lands were treated as zone II . with potentially low level of anthropogenic influence. The statistical analysis showed significantly higher (p=0.008) amount of organic carbon (Corg) in lawns (mean 20.5 g·kg-1) and allotment gardens (21.7 g·kg-1) . zone I, than on fallow lands (10.4 g·kg-1) and fields (1.27 g·kg-1) . zone II. The surface layer of soil from allotment gardens also contained significantly higher amount of total nitrogen (mean content 1.1 g·kg-1) than others. The amounts of Corg not depending on the soil texture and very high C/N ratio, suggests the anthropogenic origin of the carbon. The C/N ratio was the highest in the soils of lawns (mean value 26.2) and significantly differed (p=0.04) from C/N ratios in soils of fields and allotment gardens. This suggests low intensity of humus transformation. Other chemical characteristics as hydrolytic acidity (Ha), cation exchange capacity (CEC), exchangeable base cations (EBC) and EBC share in CEC were also higher in central part of Pruszków town (zone I), indicating the effect of urbanization on soil properties.

Streszczenie

Celem pracy było określenie właściwości gleb różnie użytkowanych i ocena wpływu antropopresji na akumulację węgla oraz azotu w glebach Pruszkowa - średniej wielkości miasta w centralnej Polsce. Przedmiotem analizy były powierzchniowe warstwy gleby (0-20 cm) zebrane w 36 miejscach. We wszystkich przypadkach pobierano próbki mieszane. Łącznie analizow ano 12 próbek z trawników, 11 z ogródków działkowych, 9 z pól i 4 z nieużytków. Trawniki i ogrody działkowe były traktowane jako centralna strefa I - pod silną presją czynników antropogenicznych, natomiast pola i nieużytki były traktowane jako strefa II - o potencjalnie niskim poziomie antropogenicznego wpływu. Analiza statystyczna wykazała istotnie wyższe (p = 0,008) ilości węgla organicznego (Corg) w glebach trawników (średnia 20,5 g-kg-1) i ogródków' działkowych (21,7g kg_l) ze strefy I, niż w glebach nieużytków (10,4 g-kg-1) i pól (1,27 g-kg-1) ze strefy II. Powierzchniowa warstwa gleby z ogródków działkowych zaw ierała również znacznie większą ilość azotu ogólnego (Nt) (średnio 1,1 g-kg-1) niż gleby innych sposobów użytkowania. Nie stwierdzono zależno- ści ilości Corg od składu granulo metrycznego gleby, co w połączeniu z bardzo wysokim stosunkiem C/N sugerować może antropoge- niczne pochodzenie w ęgla. Stosunek C/N najwyższy był w glebach trawników (wartość średnia 26,2) i znacząco różnił się (p = 0,04) od wskaźników C/N w glebach pól i ogródków działkowych. To wskazuje na niską intensywność transformacji humusu. Inne właściwo- ści chemiczne, jak: kwasowość hydrolityczna, pojemność sorpcyjna, wymienne kationy zasadowe były również wyższe w centralnej części miasta Pruszkowa. Dane te wykazują wpływ urbanizacji na właściwości gleby.

Keywords: urban soils; land use; carbon accumulation; nitrogen; soil properties

Słowa kluczowe: gleby miejskie; sposób użytkowania; akumulacja węgla; azot; właściwości gleby

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