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Sport Science Review

The Journal of National Institute for Sport Research

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"Is Intensity Decisive?" Changes in Levels of Self-efficacy, Stages of Change and Physical Activity for Two Different Forms of Prescribed Exercise

Thomas Bredahl
  • Centre for Sports, Health and Civil Society, Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ John Singhammer
  • Centre for Sports, Health and Civil Society, Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Kirsten Roessler
  • Centre for Sports, Health and Civil Society, Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2012-01-24 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10237-011-0056-1

"Is Intensity Decisive?" Changes in Levels of Self-efficacy, Stages of Change and Physical Activity for Two Different Forms of Prescribed Exercise

This study explores the long-term treatment effect on levels of self efficacy, stages of change and physical activity of prescribed exercise (EoP) for two different groups: a treatment group (TG) which includes patients with hypertension and a prevention group (PG). This study is an evaluation of best practice. Analyses were conducted at baseline and after 4, 10 and 16 months. The TG received group-based training and motivational counseling. The PG received motivational counseling only. No significant change in self-efficacy across time and no differences between groups were found. A significantly greater probability of reporting high level of stages of change was observed for the TG. No differences were observed between the groups across time. A significant increase in physical activity level across time was found, but no differences between the groups were found. EoP improves participants' level of physical activity and stages of change, regardless of the intensity of the intervention.

Keywords: exercise prescription; adherence; transtheoretical model; motivation; exercise; motivational interviewing

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About the article


Published Online: 2012-01-24

Published in Print: 2011-08-01


Citation Information: Sport Science Review, ISSN (Online) 2069-7244, ISSN (Print) 2066-8732, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10237-011-0056-1.

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