Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details

Sport Science Review

The Journal of National Institute for Sport Research

3 Issues per year

Open Access
See all formats and pricing

A Comparative Study on Strength between American College Male and Female Students in Caucasian and Asian Populations

Gong Chen
  • Department of Kinesiology, San Jose State University, San Jose, California, USA
/ Liu Liu
  • Beijing Sport University, Beijing, China
/ Jing Yu
  • Beijing Sport University, Beijing, China
Published Online: 2012-08-30 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10237-012-0015-5

A Comparative Study on Strength between American College Male and Female Students in Caucasian and Asian Populations

Muscle strength has been considered as a major factor on sport performance, martial arts competitions, self-defense, and other physical activities. The purpose of the study was to investigate potential difference on muscle strength between male and female college students. The results indicated that the muscle strength of female students is significantly lower than male students on strength of arm, upperbody and chest, shoulder, leg, and abdominal. Females have 37-68% of muscle strength of males in general. The difference on muscle strength between females and males is more on upper body, and less on lower body. Females are relatively stronger on their legs than arms and shoulders.

Keywords: muscle strength; sport performance; college students

  • Chen, G. (2004). A comprehensive guide to self-defense. A textbook published by Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company. IW: Dubuque.

  • Chen, G, & Chen, C. (2008). Coaching badminton 101, Coaches Choice, CA: Monterey.

  • Chen, G. (2010). Self-defense competency of American college students in self-defense class in physical education program. Sport Science Review, XIX (3-4), p. 5-18. doi: 10.2478/v10237-011-0014-y [Crossref]

  • Chen, G., & Liu, L. (2011). A study on exercise intensity in physical self-defense skills practice in university self-defense classes. Journal of Academic Perspective, 6, 54-67.

  • Field, R. W., & Roberts, S. O. (1999). Weight training. WCB McGraw-Hill.

  • Frontera, W. R., Hughes, V. A., Lutz, K. J., & Evans, W. J. (1991). A cross-sectional study of muscle strength and mass in 45- to 78-year-old men and women, Journal of Applied Physiology, 71(2), 644-650.

  • Heyward, V. (2006). Advanced fitness assessment and exercise prescription. Human Kinetics, IL: Champaign.

  • Hoeger, W. K. & Hoeger, S. A. (1996). Fitness & wellness, Morton Publishing Company, CO: Englewood.

  • Janssen, I., Heymsfield, S. B., Wang, Z., & Ross, R. (1999). Skeletal muscle mass and distribution in 468 men and women aged 18-88 yr. Journal of Applied Physiology, 89(1), 81-88.

  • Lemmer, J. T., Hurlbut, D. E., Martel, G. F., Tracy, B. L., Ivey, F. M., Metter, E. J., Fozard, J. L., Fleg, J. L., & Hurley, B. F. (2000). Age and gender responses to strength training and detraining. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 32(8), 1505-1512.

  • Lindle, R. S., Metter, E. J., Lynch, N. A., Fleg, J. L., Fozard, J. L., Tobin, J., Roy, T. A., & Hurley, B. F. (1997). Age and gender comparison of muscle strength in 654 women and men aged 20-93 yr. Journal of Applied Physiology, 83(5), 1581-1587.

  • Miller, A. E., MacDougall, J. D., Tarnopolsky, M. A., & Sale, D. G. (1993). Gender differences in strength and muscle fiber characteristics, Eur J Appl Physiol, 66(3), 254-262.

  • CIO, Track and field recorders, Retrieved from http://www.olympic.org

  • Rasch, P. (1990). Weight Training, WCB, IA: Dubuque.

About the article

Published Online: 2012-08-30

Published in Print: 2012-08-01

Citation Information: Sport Science Review, ISSN (Online) 2069-7244, ISSN (Print) 2066-8732, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10237-012-0015-5. Export Citation

This content is open access.

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in