Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Sport Science Review

The Journal of National Institute for Sport Research

3 Issues per year

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2069-7244
See all formats and pricing
More options …

A Comparative Study on Strength between American College Male and Female Students in Caucasian and Asian Populations

Gong Chen
  • Department of Kinesiology, San Jose State University, San Jose, California, USA
/ Liu Liu
  • Beijing Sport University, Beijing, China
/ Jing Yu
  • Beijing Sport University, Beijing, China
Published Online: 2012-08-30 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10237-012-0015-5

A Comparative Study on Strength between American College Male and Female Students in Caucasian and Asian Populations

Muscle strength has been considered as a major factor on sport performance, martial arts competitions, self-defense, and other physical activities. The purpose of the study was to investigate potential difference on muscle strength between male and female college students. The results indicated that the muscle strength of female students is significantly lower than male students on strength of arm, upperbody and chest, shoulder, leg, and abdominal. Females have 37-68% of muscle strength of males in general. The difference on muscle strength between females and males is more on upper body, and less on lower body. Females are relatively stronger on their legs than arms and shoulders.

Keywords: muscle strength; sport performance; college students

  • Chen, G. (2004). A comprehensive guide to self-defense. A textbook published by Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company. IW: Dubuque.Google Scholar

  • Chen, G, & Chen, C. (2008). Coaching badminton 101, Coaches Choice, CA: Monterey.Google Scholar

  • Chen, G. (2010). Self-defense competency of American college students in self-defense class in physical education program. Sport Science Review, XIX (3-4), p. 5-18. doi: 10.2478/v10237-011-0014-yCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Chen, G., & Liu, L. (2011). A study on exercise intensity in physical self-defense skills practice in university self-defense classes. Journal of Academic Perspective, 6, 54-67.Google Scholar

  • Field, R. W., & Roberts, S. O. (1999). Weight training. WCB McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar

  • Frontera, W. R., Hughes, V. A., Lutz, K. J., & Evans, W. J. (1991). A cross-sectional study of muscle strength and mass in 45- to 78-year-old men and women, Journal of Applied Physiology, 71(2), 644-650.Google Scholar

  • Heyward, V. (2006). Advanced fitness assessment and exercise prescription. Human Kinetics, IL: Champaign.Google Scholar

  • Hoeger, W. K. & Hoeger, S. A. (1996). Fitness & wellness, Morton Publishing Company, CO: Englewood.Google Scholar

  • Janssen, I., Heymsfield, S. B., Wang, Z., & Ross, R. (1999). Skeletal muscle mass and distribution in 468 men and women aged 18-88 yr. Journal of Applied Physiology, 89(1), 81-88.Google Scholar

  • Lemmer, J. T., Hurlbut, D. E., Martel, G. F., Tracy, B. L., Ivey, F. M., Metter, E. J., Fozard, J. L., Fleg, J. L., & Hurley, B. F. (2000). Age and gender responses to strength training and detraining. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 32(8), 1505-1512.Google Scholar

  • Lindle, R. S., Metter, E. J., Lynch, N. A., Fleg, J. L., Fozard, J. L., Tobin, J., Roy, T. A., & Hurley, B. F. (1997). Age and gender comparison of muscle strength in 654 women and men aged 20-93 yr. Journal of Applied Physiology, 83(5), 1581-1587.Google Scholar

  • Miller, A. E., MacDougall, J. D., Tarnopolsky, M. A., & Sale, D. G. (1993). Gender differences in strength and muscle fiber characteristics, Eur J Appl Physiol, 66(3), 254-262.Google Scholar

  • CIO, Track and field recorders, Retrieved from http://www.olympic.org

  • Rasch, P. (1990). Weight Training, WCB, IA: Dubuque.Google Scholar

About the article


Published Online: 2012-08-30

Published in Print: 2012-08-01


Citation Information: Sport Science Review, ISSN (Online) 2069-7244, ISSN (Print) 2066-8732, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10237-012-0015-5.

Export Citation

This content is open access.

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in