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The Journal of National Institute for Sport Research

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The Effects of Caffeine on Repeated Sprint Performance in Team Sport Athletes – A Meta-Analysis –

Stephen J. Brown / Julie Brown / Andrew Foskett
Published Online: 2013-05-10 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/ssr-2013-0002

Equivocal findings exist regarding the ergogenic effects of caffeine in repeat sprint performance in team sports, and there is currently no meta-analysis of available data. Therefore, appropriate studies were obtained from electronic databases following identification using pre-determined search criteria. Extracted data on repeat sprint performance in team sport athletes were entered into a meta-analysis to determine a summary statistic for overall effect. Eight studies provided suitable data for analysis. Pooled data on sprint distances of 15m (Z=1.81, P=0.07), 18.3m (Z=0.26, P=0.79), 20m (Z=0.13, P=0.90), 30m (Z=1.26, P=0.21), and 36.6m (Z=0.78, P=0.44) indicated no ergogenic effect attributable to caffeine ingestion. Thus, the current available evidence does not support an ergogenic effect for caffeine in repeat sprint performance in team athletes.

Keywords: caffeine; sprint performance; meta-analysis

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About the article

Stephen J. Brown

PhD is a senior lecturer in anatomy and physiology at the University of Ballarat, Victoria, Australia. He has previously held senior positions at Massey University (NZ), and DeMontfort University (UK). Dr Brown’s research interests are human cardio-respiratory physiology and exercise science, and he provides independent scientific support to health care companies. He has authored many manuscripts on human physiology, and is currently a course coordinator in anatomy and physiology for a large undergraduate nursing programme

Julie Brown

PhD RGN is currently a Senior Research Fellow at the University of Auckland, New Zealand, where she has worked for the last 7 years. She earned her PhD in psychoneuroimmunology from the University of Wolverhampton, UK. She works in the area of research synthesis and translational health covering topics such as menstrual disorders and subfertility, physical activity and health, and gestational diabetes. She is an author on over 24 Cochrane systematic reviews and protocols and has been a lead researcher in the production of national clinical practice guidelines in New Zealand

Andrew Foskett

PhD is currently a Senior Lecturer in the School of Sport & Exercise Science at Massey University, Auckland (NZ). Andrew completed his PhD in Exercise Physiology in 2004 at Loughborough University (UK) examining the metabolic demands of high intensity intermittent activity. He has continued his research in this field and has published regularly in exercise science journals in the areas of nutritional intervention and performance during intermittent activity and team sports as well as presenting his research at various National and International Sports Science and Medicine conferences

Published Online: 2013-05-10

Published in Print: 2013-04-01

Citation Information: Sport Science Review, Volume 22, Issue 1-2, Pages 25–32, ISSN (Online) 2069-7244, ISSN (Print) 2066-8732, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/ssr-2013-0002.

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