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Cooper and Shuttle Run Test in Young Students: Results and Correlations

Nicola Lovecchio
  • Corresponding author
  • Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Faculty of Sport Science, Milano, Italy
  • Viale Suzzani 279 20162 Milano Italy
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/ Matteo Merati / Mauro Guasti / Francesco Casolo / Luca Eid
Published Online: 2013-08-28 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/ssr-2013-0011


Young people performance is often used to define the well-being and physical activity level. Several studies were assessed in school environments where more sedentary students were recruitable. As such, over 3800 students were tested with Shuttle Run Test (5m x 10) and Cooper endurance test during Physical Education classes. Shuttle Run Test was assessed according to the instructions given by Eurofit battery while the endurance trial was run in the playing field of each school. All phases of the test were run by teachers who collected data. During growth, males and females followed different trends: females showed the highest peak between 11 and 12 years while males between 13 and 14 years. Between 11 and 14 females increased their weight by about 10 kgs, while males gained 16 kgs. During Shuttle Run Test, the mean time spent performing the trial was 19,27 sec (M) and 20,25 sec (F). In both sexes the 13 and 14 year-old students were quickest while the 12 year-old students were the slowest. Males performed the test between 3200 m and 810 m while females performed 1795 m (on average). Statistical differences were found only between Cooper test and gender in all age groups. Disinclination for active life style is widespread however school education programs could reach all young people and arrange the tendency of students towards sport and well being.

Keywords : Eurofit battery test; Cooper test; physical education

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About the article

Nicola Lovecchio

Nicola LOVECCHIO, Ph.D. is a personal trainer and an adjunct professor in Methodology of Human Movement at the Catholic University of Sacred Heart in Milano, Italy. He gained a PhD in Morphological Science in 2007. He has authored and co-authored many scientific articles and over 60 abstracts during international conferences. He teaches P.E. in high schools and is also a physiotherapist

Matteo Merati

Matteo MERATI is a personal trainer and teaches P.E. in middle and high school. He is also an orienteering national trainer and a journalist, with more than 200 published articles in technical sport magazines. He is also an adjunct professor in Methodology of Human Movement at the Catholic University of Sacred Heart in Milano, Italy

Mauro Guasti

Mauro GUASTI is a PE teacher in high school. He is the dean of Ministry of Education in local office (Tuscany). He works for annual competition among students in public school environments, and organizes in-service training for PE teachers

Francesco Casolo

Francesco CASOLO has a degree in both Pedagogy and Motor Science. He is an Associate Professor at the Faculty of Science of Education for Methodology of Human Movement and Teaching of Motor Activities for the Growing Age. In Catholic University of Sacred Heart he is also Coordinator of the Motor and Sport Science course. He wrote monographs and articles in magazines about didactics and methodology of the motor and sport activities in the growing ages.

Luca Eid

Luca EID has collaborated for almost 20 years with the University of Study in Milano, Italy, teaching the “Theory, methodology and didactics in Physical Education”. He currently works for Ministry of Education and has co-authored several articles, abstracts, and presentations. Luca is also a member on the board of EUPEA (European Physical Education Association). He received his Ph.D. in Sport Science in 2000.

Published Online: 2013-08-28

Published in Print: 2013-08-01

Citation Information: Sport Science Review, Volume 22, Issue 3-4, Pages 217–228, ISSN (Online) 2069-7244, ISSN (Print) 2066-8732, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/ssr-2013-0011.

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