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Cryotherapy and its Correlates to Functional Performance. A Brief Preview

Márcio Luís Pinto Domingues
  • Corresponding author
  • Faculty of Sports Science, University of Coimbra, Portugal
  • 61 Rua Nova Horta-Velha 3750-862 Borralha Portugal Phone: (+351) 910 973 39 06
  • Email
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2013-08-28 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/ssr-2013-0012


Objective: To search the English language literature for original research addressing the effect of cryotherapy on motor performance and recovery. Data Sources: We searched MEDLINE, the Physiotherapy Evidence Database, SPORT Discus, Pubmed, and the Cochrane Reviews database, from 1976 to 2009 to identify randomized clinical trials of cryotherapy, systematic reviews, original articles and methods of cryotherapy. Key words used were cryotherapy, return to participation, cold treatment, ice, injury. Data Synthesis: Brief review including assessment of cryotherapy as a tool of performance and a recovery method. Conclusions: Most studies suggest that a short rewarming time would be beneficial (a couple minutes), which is very reasonable in sports. Also, cooling techniques differ in its result accordingly to the procedures and objectives used. Finally, the type of tissue cooled plays a large role (ie. Joint vs. Muscle).

Keywords : cryotherapy; performance; cold

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About the article

Márcio Luís Pinto Domingues

Márcio DOMINGUES is a finishing PhD Student at the Faculty of Sports Science within the University of Coimbra. He has published national and international articles in sport related themes and made several oral communications internationally. Currently he’s developing two projects related to young sport, migration and talent development.

Published Online: 2013-08-28

Published in Print: 2013-08-01

Citation Information: Sport Science Review, Volume 22, Issue 3-4, Pages 229–254, ISSN (Online) 2069-7244, ISSN (Print) 2066-8732, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/ssr-2013-0012.

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