Barfield, J. P., Rowe, D. A., & Michael, T. (2004). Interinstrument consistency of the Yamax Digi-Walker in elementary school children. Measurement inPhysical Education and Exercise Science, 8, 109-116.
Beets, M. W., Bornstein, D., Beighle, A., Cardinal, B. J., & Morgan, C. F. (2010). Pedometer-measured physical activity patterns of youth: A 13 country review. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 38, 208-216. [Crossref]
Beighle, A., Alderman, B., Morgan, C. F., & Le Masurier, G. (2008). Seasonality in children’s pedometer measured physical activity levels. Research Quarterly forExercise and Sport, 79, 256-260. [Crossref]
Beighle, A., Erwin, H., Morgan, C. F., & Alderman, B. (2012). Children’s inschool and out-of-school physical activity during two seasons. ResearchQuarterly for Exercise and Sport, 83, 103-107.
Bershwinger, T., & Brusseau, T. A. (2013). The Impact of Classroom Activity Breaks on the School-Day Physical Activity of Rural Children. InternationalJournal of Exercise Science, 6(2), 134-143.
Brown, T. (2009). “Systematic review of school-based interventions that focus on changing dietary intake and physical activity levels to prevent childhood obesity: an update to the obesity guidance produced by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence.” Obesity Reviews, 10, 110. [Crossref]
Brusseau, T.A. Kulinna, P., Kloeppel, T., & Ferry, M. (2012). Seasonal Variation of American Indian Children’s School-Day Physical Activity. BiomedicalHuman Kinetics, 4, 76-81.
Brusseau, T. A., Kulinna, P. H., Tudor-Locke, C., Ferry, M., van der Mars, H., & Darst, P. W. (2011). Pedometer determined segmented physical activity patterns of fourth- and fifth- grade children. Journal of Physical Activity andHealth, 8, 279-286.
Brusseau, T. A., Kulinna, P. H., Tudor-Locke, C. & Ferry, M. (2013). Daily Physical Activity Patterns of Children Living in an American Indian Community. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 10, 48-53.
Brusseau, T. A., Kulinna, P. H., Tudor-Locke, C., van der Mars, H., & Darst, P. W. (2011). Children’s Step Counts on Weekend, Physical Education, and Non Physical Education Days. Journal of Human Kinetics, 27, 123-134.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (1997). Guidelines for school and community programs to promote lifelong physical activity among young people. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 46, 1-36.
Cox, M., Schofield, G., Greasley, N., & Kolt, G. S. (2006). Pedometer steps in primary school aged children: A comparison of school-based and out-ofschool activity. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 9, 91-97. [Crossref]
Crouter, S. E., Schneider, P. L., & Bassett Jr., D. R. (2005). Spring-levered versus piezo-electric pedometer accuracy in overweight and obese adults. Medicineand Science in Sports & Exercise, 37, 1673-1679.
Demetriou, Y., & Honer, O. (2012). Physical activity interventions in the school setting: A systematic review. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 13, 186-196. [Crossref]
Duncan, S., White, K., Sa’ulilo, L., & Schofield, G. (2011). Convergent validity of a piezoelectric pedometer and an omnidirectional accelerometer for measuring children’s physical activity. Pediatric Exercise Science, 23, 399-410.
Erwin, H., Abel, M., Beighle, A., Noland, M. P., Worley, B., & Riggs, R. (2012). The contribution of recess to children’s school-day physical activity. Journal ofPhysical Activity and Health, 9, 442-448.
Erwin, H. E., Beighle, A., Morgan, C. F., & Nolan, M. P. (2011). Effect of a lowcost, teacher-directed classroom intervention on elementary students’ physical activity. Journal of School Health, 81, 455-461.
Flohr, J. A., Todd, M. K., & Tudor-Locke, C. (2006). Pedometer-assessed physical activity in young adolescents. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 77, 309-315. [Crossref]
Gauthier, A.P., Laurence, M., Thirkill, L., & Dorman, S. C. (2012). Examining school-based pedometer step counts among children in grades 3 to 6 using different timetables. Journal of School Health, 82, 311-317.
Groffik, D., Sigmund, E., Fromel, K., Chemlik, F., & Lokvencova, P. N. (2012). The contribution of school breaks to all-day physical activity of 9- and 10-year-old overweight and non-overweight children. International Journal ofPublic Health, 57, 711-718.
Hardman, C. A., Horne, P. J., & Rowlands, A. V. (2009). Children’s pedometer determined physical activity during school-time and leisure-time. Journal ofExercise Science and Fitness, 7, 129-134. [Crossref]
Harris, K C. (2009). Effect of school-based physical activity interventions on body mass index in children: a meta-analysis. Canadian Medical AssociationJournal, 180, 719.
Hart, T. L., Brusseau, T., Kulinna, P. H., McClain, J., & Tudor-Locke, C. (2010). Evaluation of low-cost, objective instruments for assessing physical activity in 10-11-year old children. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 82, 600-609.
Howe, C. A., Freedson, P. S., Alhassan, S., Feldman, H. A., & Osganian, S. K. (2012). A recess intervention to promote moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. Pediatric Obesity, 7, 82-88. [PubMed]
Johnson, T. G., Brusseau, T. A., White-Taylor, J. W., Darst, P. W., & Kulinna, P. H. (2010). Step counts of non-white minority youth by gender, grade level, and mode of school transportation. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 7, 730-736.
Johnson, T. G., Kulinna, P. H., Darst, P. W., & Pangrazi, R. P. (2007). School day physical activity patterns of Pima children in two communities. ResearchQuarterly for Exercise and Sport, 78, 364-368.
Kahan, D. & Nicaise, V. (2012). Virtual Umra: An interdisciplinary faith-based pedometer intervention for increasing steps at school. Journal of PhysicalActivity and Health, 9, 402-413.
Kang, M. & Brintahupt, T. M. (2009). Effects of group- and individual-based step goals on children’s physical activity levels in school. Pediatric ExerciseScience, 21, 148-158.
Kohl, H. W., Craig, C. L., Lambert, E. V., et al. (2012). The pandemic of physical inactivity: Global action for public health. Lancet, 380, 194-205.
Koplan, J. P., Liverman, C. T., & Kraak, V. I. (2005). Preventing Childhood Obesity:Health in the Balance. The National Academic Press: Washington, D.C.
Kristensen, P. L., Korsholm, L., Moller, N. C., Wedderkopp, N., Anderson, L. B., Froberg, K. (2007). Sources of variation in habitual physical activity of children and adolescents: The European youth heart study. ScandinavianJournal of Medicine and Science in Sport, 18, 298-308.
Kulinna, P. H., Brusseau, T. A., Cothran, D. J., & Tudor-Locke, C. (2012). Changing school physical activity: An examination of individually school designed programs. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 31, 113-130.
Loucaides, C. A., & Jago, R. (2006). Correlates of pedometer-assessed physical activity in Cypriot elementary school children. Journal of Physical Activity andHealth, 3, 267-276.
Loucaides, C. A., Chedzoy, S. M., & Bennett, N. (2003). Pedometer-assessed physical (ambulatory) activity in Cypriot children. European Physical EducationReview, 9, 43-55.
Martinez-Lopez, E. J., Grao-Cruces, A., Moral-Garcia, J. E. & Pantoja-Vallejo, A. (2012). Intervention for Spanish overweight teenagers in physical education lessons. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 11, 312-321.
Morgan, C. F., Beighle A., & Pangrazi, R. P. (2007). What are the contributory and compensatory relationships between physical education and physical activity in children? Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 78, 407-412. [Crossref]
Morgan, C. F., Pangrazi, R. P., & Beighle, A. (2003). Using pedometers to promote physical activity in physical education. JOPERD, 74, 33-38.
Reznik, M., Wylie-Rosett, J., Kim, M., & Ozuah, P. O. (2013). Physical Activity during School in Urban Minority Kindergarten and First-Grade Students. Pediatrics, 131(1), e81-e87.
Rowlands, A. V., Eston, R. G., & Ingledew, D. K. (1999). Relationship between activity levels, aerobic fitness, and body fat in 8- to 10-year-old children. Journal of Applied Physiology, 86, 1428-1435.
Rowlands, A. V., & Hughes, D. R. (2006). Variability of physical activity patterns by type of day and season in 8-10-year old boys. Research Quarterly for Exerciseand Sport, 77, 391-395.
Rush, E., Coppinger, T., Obolonkin, V., Hinckson, E., McGrath, L., McLennan, S., & Graham, D. (2012). Use of pedometers to identify less active children and time spent in moderate to vigorous physical activity in the school setting. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 15, 226-230. [Crossref]
Schetzina, K. E., Dalton, W. T., Lowe, E. F. et al. (2009). A coordinated school health approach to obesity prevention among Appalachian youth: The Winning with Wellness Pilot Project. Family and Community Health, 32, 271-285.
Schetzina, K. E., Dalton, W. T., Pfortmiller, D. T., Robinson, H. F., Lowe, E. F., & Stern, P (2011). The Winning with Wellness Pilot Project: Rural Appalachian elementary students physical activity and eating behaviors and program implementation 4 years later. Family and Community Health, 34, 154-162.
Story, M., Kaphingst, K. M., & French, S. (2006). The role of schools in obesity prevention. The Future of Children, 16, 190-142.
Strong, W. B., Malina, R. M., Blimkie, C. J., et al. (2005). Evidence based physical activity for school-age youth. Journal of Pediatrics, 146, 732-737. [Crossref]
Tudor-Locke, C., Lee, S. M., Morgan, C. F., Beighle, A., & Pangrazi, R. P. (2006). Children’s pedometer determined physical activity patterns during the segmented school day. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 38, 1732-1738. [Crossref]
Tudor-Locke, C., McClain, J. J., Hart, T. L., Sisson, S. B., & Washington, T. L. (2009). Expected values for pedometer-determined physical activity in youth. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 80, 164-174. [Crossref]
Tudor-Locke, C., & Myers, A. M. (2001). Methodological considerations for researchers and practitioners using pedometers to measure physical (ambulatory) activity. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 72, 1-12. [Crossref]
About the article
Timothy A. Brusseau
Timothy A. BRUSSEAU, PhD is currently an assistant professor and director of sport pedagogy in the Department of Exercise and Sport Science at the University of Utah in Salt Lake City, Utah, USA where he has been for 2 years. He earned a PhD in Sport Pedagogy from Arizona State University. His research interests are related to youth physical activity and physical fitness measurement as well as school and communitybased physical activity interventions, specifically comprehensive school physical activity programming. He has published regularly in numerous kinesiology journals and is co-author of the widely used text Dynamic Physical Education for Secondary School Students and a 2013 Fellow in the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance.
James C. Hannon
James C. HANNON, PhD is currently an associate professor and department chair of exercise and sport science at the University of Utah in Salt Lake City, Utah (USA) where he has been for the last 10 years. He earned his Ph.D. in Physical Education Teacher Education at Florida State University. He began his research career examining various outcomes associated with coeducational versus single sexed PE settings, and physical activity and fitness measurement. His current research areas include comprehensive school physical activity and academic achievement in addition to physical activity and fitness measurment. He publishes regularly in kinesiology journals and presents at the American Association of Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance national conference and American College of Sports Medicine Annual Conference. He can be contacted at: email@example.com
Published Online: 2013-12-31
Published in Print: 2013-12-01
This content is open access.