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Physiological Elements Required by Dancers

Alexandros Malkogeorgos / Eleni Zaggelidou / Georgios Zaggelidis
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Galazoulas Christos
Published Online: 2013-12-31 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/ssr-2013-0017


Dancing is an excellent alternative exercise for improving health related physical fitness elements. Dance performance requires support from enhanced physiological requirements necessary for dancers including cardiovascular fitness, muscle flexibility, muscular strength/power. A reduction in muscular strength associate with injury risk and many dancers succumb to problems such as the overtraining syndrome. Improvement in lower body muscular strength appears to have positive effects on aspects of dance performance and injury prevention. The qualities and benefits offered by dancing depend on the dance forms concerned but as a general rule, it improves physical health by developing strength, suppleness, coordination and balance in varying amounts. This literature study showed differences in fitness levels exist between in different dance forms but also in levels of dancers. As in most sports, dancing is a demanding exercise form for all styles dancers, taxing both aerobic and anaerobic processes and develops high levels of muscle tension. Joint mobility and body composition are also important parts of dance fitness. Dance training consists of technique and style training with an aim to increase the skill level of dancers. Furthermore, it needs more investigation whether improved physical fitness has positive effect on dance performance.

Keywords: dance; aerobic/anaerobic fitness; strength; flexibility; body composition

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About the article

Alexandros Malkogeorgos

Alexandros MALKOGEORGOS, MSc, is a member of the Special Teaching Staff of the Faculty of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (Hellas). He received his Master degree in Human Performance and Health Sciences, from the Faculty of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. He is Ph.D candidate in faculty in sport science in Pitesti University Romania. He is interested in sports and health and specialized in dance activities and has worked as dance teacher in traditional Greek dances for many years. E-mail address: malko@phed.auth.gr

Eleni Zaggelidou

Eleni ZAGGELIDOU, is graduate from the Faculty of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (Hellas). She received also diploma in teaching classical and modern dance from professional dance school (Hellenic Ministry of Culture and Tourism). She is a post-graduate master’s degree student in Human Performance and Health Sciences, in the Faculty of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. She is interesting in dance and she working as dance teacher and as trainer in rhythmic gymnastics. E-mail address: elenzang@phed.auth.gr

Georgios Zaggelidis

Georgios ZAGGELIDIS, Ph.D. is an Assistant Professor of the Faculty of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (Hellas), is specialized in judo-karate. He received a Ph.D in Pedagogy (Sport), from University of Bucharest (Faculty of History-philosophy), Romania. His research interests involve Sport Pedagogy, coaching and combat sports. He has published as author or co-author numerous papers.

Galazoulas Christos

Galazoulas CHRISTOS, PhD is an Assistant Professor of the Faculty of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (Hellas), is specialized in Basketball Coaching. He received a Ph.D in Sport Exercise and Health, from Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (Department of Physical Education & Sport Sciences), Greece. His research interests involve Strength training, Flexibility, Coaching and Developmental ages. He has published as author or co-author numerous papers. E-mail address: galazl@ phed.auth.gr

Published Online: 2013-12-31

Published in Print: 2013-12-01

Citation Information: Sport Science Review, Volume 22, Issue 5-6, Pages 343–368, ISSN (Online) 2069-7244, ISSN (Print) 2066-8732, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/ssr-2013-0017.

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