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Sport Science Review

The Journal of National Institute for Sport Research

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2069-7244
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Development of Psychological Preparation Program for Football Referees: Pilot Study

Boris Blumenstein
  • Corresponding author
  • Ribstein Center for Sport Medicine Sciences and Research, Wingate Institute for Physical Education and Sport, Netanya, Israel
  • Iris Orbach Ribstein Center for Sport Medicine Sciences and Research Wingate Institute Netanya 42902 Israel Fax: +972-9-8639412
  • Email:
/ Iris Orbach
  • Ribstein Center for Sport Medicine Sciences and Research, Wingate Institute for Physical Education and Sport, Netanya, Israel
Published Online: 2014-09-19 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/ssr-2014-0007

Abstract

Successful football referees should have an excellent ability to cope with competitive stress. Therefore, psychological preparation is a necessary component for improving referees’ professionalism and optimal performance. This paper focuses on two main objectives: (1) Developing a Psychological Preparation Program specifically for football referees; (2) Evaluating referees’ behavior in precompetitive routine and during a football match before and after exposure to the Psychological Preparation Program. Thirty football referees participated in a newly developed Psychological Preparation Program which included three parts: Educational (i.e., lectures and self-evaluation), Acquisition (i.e., individual meetings and development of preperformance routine), and Evaluation (i.e., self-evaluation and assessing referee’s activities during a match). As a result of the program and based on referees’ self-evaluation, it can be concluded that our Psychological Preparation Program has a positive impact on the self-confidence of referees and their ability to cope with competitive stress. Future directions and suggested topics are discussed.

Keywords: preparation program; football; psychology; referee

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About the article

Published Online: 2014-09-19

Published in Print: 2014-08-01



Citation Information: Sport Science Review, ISSN (Online) 2069-7244, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/ssr-2014-0007. Export Citation

© by Boris Blumenstein. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

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