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Sport Science Review

The Journal of National Institute for Sport Research

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Development of Psychological Preparation Program for Football Referees: Pilot Study

12 / Iris Orbach1

1Ribstein Center for Sport Medicine Sciences and Research, Wingate Institute for Physical Education and Sport, Netanya, Israel

2Iris Orbach Ribstein Center for Sport Medicine Sciences and Research Wingate Institute Netanya 42902 Israel Fax: +972-9-8639412

© by Boris Blumenstein. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

Citation Information: Sport Science Review. Volume 23, Issue 3-4, Pages 113–125, ISSN (Online) 2069-7244, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/ssr-2014-0007, September 2014

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Successful football referees should have an excellent ability to cope with competitive stress. Therefore, psychological preparation is a necessary component for improving referees’ professionalism and optimal performance. This paper focuses on two main objectives: (1) Developing a Psychological Preparation Program specifically for football referees; (2) Evaluating referees’ behavior in precompetitive routine and during a football match before and after exposure to the Psychological Preparation Program. Thirty football referees participated in a newly developed Psychological Preparation Program which included three parts: Educational (i.e., lectures and self-evaluation), Acquisition (i.e., individual meetings and development of preperformance routine), and Evaluation (i.e., self-evaluation and assessing referee’s activities during a match). As a result of the program and based on referees’ self-evaluation, it can be concluded that our Psychological Preparation Program has a positive impact on the self-confidence of referees and their ability to cope with competitive stress. Future directions and suggested topics are discussed.

Keywords: preparation program; football; psychology; referee


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