Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Sport Science Review

The Journal of National Institute for Sport Research

3 Issues per year

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2069-7244
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Playing Position: Anthropometric and Fitness Demands in Youth Soccer

Aristotelis Gioldasis
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece
  • Lachana 14-16, Athens - 11362, Greece
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Evangelos Bekris
  • Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Ioannis Gissis
  • Department of Physical Education and Sports Science, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2014-09-19 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/ssr-2014-0009

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the anthropometric and fitness characteristics of soccer players with different positional role. Although, players’ skills are not equally distributed in each position, at elite soccer they have to perform each skill at a sufficient level. However, coaches expertise those from an early age in specific positions without giving them an holistic individualized training. In the study participated 312 Greek players aged 6 to 17 (M= 11.89; SD= 2.33) of 5 age groups (group U7-U8; group U9-U10; group U11-U12; group U13-U14; group U15-U16; group U17). Anthropometric (height, weight, body mass index and body fat) and fitness characteristics (flexibility, vertical jump, running speed, agility and VO2max) of participants were measured. The study showed that goalkeepers and central defenders tend to perform worse than players of the other positional groups in most of their fitness characteristics for almost all the age groups. Furthermore, many tendencies were observed in anthropometric and fitness characteristics between players with different positional roles. This study provides suggestions to coaches regarding their practice of positioning players according to their anthropometric and fitness characteristics for a short term success.

Keywords: soccer; youth; coaching; anthropometric; fitness; playing position

References

  • Asci, A., Hazir, T., Cinemre, A., Arslan, A., Hazir, S., Sahin, Z., Güven, U. & Acikada, C. (2007). Physiological responses of young soccer players to fixed lactate concentrations in playing positions. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, S10, 120.Google Scholar

  • Bangsbo, J., & Michalsik, L. (2002). Assessment of the physiological capacity of elite soccer players. Science and football IV, 53-62.Google Scholar

  • Carling, C., Le Gall, F., Reilly, T., & Williams, A. M. (2009). Do anthropometric and fitness characteristics vary according to birth date distribution in elite youth academy soccer players? Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 19, 3-9.Web of SciencePubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Chillon, P., Castro-Pinero, J., Ruiz, J. R., Soto, V. M., Carbonell-Baeza, A., Dafos, J., Vicente-Rodríguez, G., Castillo, M. J. & Ortega, F. B. (2010). Hip flexibility is the main determinant of the back-saver sit-and-reach test in adolescents. Journal of sports sciences, 28(6), 641-648.PubMedCrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Christensen, M. K. & Sørensen, J. K. (2009). Sport or school: Dreams and dilemmas for talented young Danish football players. European Physical Education Review, 15(1), 115-113.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Dellal, A., Chamari, C.,Wong, D. P., Ahmaidi, S., Keller, D., Barros, M. L. R., Bisciotti, G. N., & Carling, C. (2010). Comparison of physical and technical performance in European professional soccer match-play: The FA Premier League and La LIGA. European Journal of Sport Sciences, 25, 93-100.Google Scholar

  • Dellal, A., Wong, D. P., Moalla, W. & Chamari, K. (2010). Physical and technical activity of soccer players in the French first division - with special reference to the playing position. International SportMed Journal, 11, 278-290.Google Scholar

  • Di Salvo, V., Baron, R., Tschan, H., Calderon Montero, F. J., Bachl, N., Pigozzi, F. (2007). Performance characteristics according to playing position in elite soccer. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 28(3), 222-227.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Gil, S. M., Gil, J., Ruiz, F., Irazusta, A., & Irazusta, J. (2007). Physiological and anthropometric characteristics of young soccer players according to their playing position: Relevance for the selection process. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 21(2), 438-445.Google Scholar

  • Glatthorn, J. F., Gouge, S., Nussbaumer, S., Stauffacher, S., Impellizzeri, F. M., & Maffiuletti, N. A. (2011). Validity and reliability of Optojump photoelectric cells for estimating vertical jump height. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25, 556-560.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Helsen, W., van Winckel, J., & Williams, M. (2000). The relative age effect in youth soccer across Europe. Journal of Sports Sciences, 23(6), 629-636.Google Scholar

  • Léger, L. A., Mercier, D., Gadoury, C., & Lambert, J. (1988). The multistage 20 meter shuttle run test for aerobic fitness. Journal of Sports Science, 6, 93-101.Google Scholar

  • Malina, R. M., Cumming, S. P., Kontos, A. P., Eisenmann, J., Ribeiro, B. & Aroso, J. (2005). Maturity-associated variation in sport-specific skills of youth soccer players aged 13-15 years. Journal of Sports Sciences, 23, 515-22.Google Scholar

  • Malina, R. M., Ribeiro, B., Aroso, J, & Cumming, S. P. (2007). Characteristics of youth soccer players aged 13-15 years classified by skill level. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 41, 290-295. Markovic, G., Dizdar, D., Jukic, I., & Cardinale, M. (2004). Reliability and factorial validity of squat and countermovement jump tests. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 18(3), 551-555.Google Scholar

  • Martindale, R. J. J., Collins, D., & Daubney, J. (2005). Talent development: A guide for practice and research within sport. Quest, 57(4), 353-375.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Matsuzaka, A., Takahashi, Y., Yamazoe, M., Kumakura, N., Ikeda, A., Wilk, B., & Bar-Or, O. (2004). Validity of the multistage 20-m shuttle-run test for Japanese children, adolescents, and adults. Pediatric exercise science, 16(2), 113-125.Google Scholar

  • Meylan, C., Cronin, J., Oliver, J., & Hughes, M. (2010). Reviews: Talent identification in soccer: The role of maturity status on physical, physiological and technical characteristics. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 5 (4), 571-592.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Mirkov, D., Nedeljkovic, A., Kukolj, M., Ugarkovic, D., & Jaric, S. (2008). Evaluation of the reliability of soccer-specific field tests. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 22(4), 1046-1050.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Mohr, M., Krustrup, P., & Bangsbo, J. (2005). Match performance of highstandard soccer players with special reference to development of fatigue. Journal of Sports Sciences, 21, 519-528.Google Scholar

  • Neto, L. G. S., Nunes, C. G., & Hespanhol, J. E. (2007), Fitness profile of under-15 Brazilian soccer players by field position. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, S10, 118.Google Scholar

  • Reilly, T., Bangsbo, J., & Franks, A. (2000). Anthropometric and physiological predispositions for elite soccer. Journal of Sports Sciences, 18, 669-683.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Romann, M. & Fuchslocher, J. (2013). Influences of player nationality, playing position, and height on relative age effects at women’s under-17 FIFA World Cup. Journal of Sports Sciences, 31(1), 32-40.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Schorer, J., Baker, J., Büsch, D., Wilhelm, A. & Pabst, J. (2009). Relative age, talent identification and youth skill development: do relatively younger athletes have superior technical skills? Talent Development and Excellence, 1, 45-56. Vaeyens, R., Lenoir, M., Williams, A. M. & Philippaerts, R. (2008). Talent identification and development programmes in sport: current models and future directions. Sports Medicine, 38, 703-714.Google Scholar

  • Vaeyens, R., Malina, R., Janssens, M., Renterghem, B., Bourgois, J., Vrijens, J. & Philippaerts, R. (2006). A multidisciplinary selection model for youth soccer: The Ghent Youth Soccer Project. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 40, 928-934.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Vale, P., Ramos, A., Salgado, B., Correia, P., Martins, P., Brito, J., Oliveira, E., Seabra, A. & Rebelo, A. (2009). Differences in technical skill performance of Portuguese junior soccer players according to competitive level and playing position. In B. Drust, T. Reilly & A. M. Williams (Eds.), International Research in Science and Soccer The Proceedings of the First World Conference on Science and Soccer (pp. 13-20). Oxon: Routledge.Google Scholar

  • Williams, A. M., Ward, L., Julian, D. & Smeeton, N. J., (2008). Domain specificity, task specificity and expert performance. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 79, 428-433.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Wong, P., Chamari, K., Dellal, A., & Wisloff, U. (2009). Relationship between anthropometric and physiological characteristics in youth soccer players. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 23(4), 1204-1210.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Wong, P., Mujika, I., Castagna, C., Chamari, K., Lau, P. W. C., & Wisloff, U. (2008). Characteristics of World Cup soccer players. Soccer Journal, 57-62. Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2014-09-19

Published in Print: 2014-08-01


Citation Information: Sport Science Review, ISSN (Online) 2069-7244, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/ssr-2014-0009.

Export Citation

© by Aristotelis Gioldasis. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in