Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
In This Section

STUF - Language Typology and Universals

Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung

Editor-in-Chief: Stolz, Thomas

4 Issues per year

Cite Score 2016: 0.14

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.157
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.274

See all formats and pricing
In This Section
Volume 68, Issue 2 (Jul 2015)


Using you to get to me: Addressee perspective and speaker stance in Duna evidential marking

Lila San Roque
  • Corresponding author
  • Radboud University Nijmegen, Erasmusplein 1, 6525HT Nijmegen, Netherlands.
  • Email:
Published Online: 2015-06-17 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/stuf-2015-0010


Languages have complex and varied means for representing points of view, including constructions that can express multiple perspectives on the same event. This paper presents data on two evidential constructions in the language Duna (Papua New Guinea) that imply features of both speaker and addressee knowledge simultaneously. I discuss how talking about an addressee’s knowledge can occur in contexts of both coercion and co-operation, and, while apparently empathetic, can provide a covert way to both manipulate the addressee’s attention and express speaker stance. I speculate that ultimately, however, these multiple perspective constructions may play a pro-social role in building or repairing the interlocutors’ common ground.

Keywords: addressee perspective; Duna; evidentiality; interaction; multiple perspective; stance


  • Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y. 2004. Evidentiality. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  • Anderson, Lloyd B. 1986. Evidentials, paths of change, and mental maps: Typologically regular asymmetries. In Wallace Chafe & Johanna Nichols (eds.), 273–312.

  • Bergqvist, Henrik. 2015. The role of perspective in epistemic marking. Lingua doi: 10.1016/j.lingua.2015.02.008

  • Chafe, Wallace & Johanna Nichols (eds.) 1986. Evidentiality: The linguistic encoding of epistemology. Norwood: Ablex.

  • Clark, Herbert H. 1996. Using language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  • Cochrane, Dennis & Nancy Cochrane. 1966. Duna essentials for translation. Manuscript submitted to the Grammar Department, SIL, PNG Branch.

  • Danziger, Eve & Alan Rumsey. 2013. Introduction: From opacity to intersubjectivity across languages and cultures. Language and Communication 33(3). 247–250. [Crossref] [Web of Science]

  • Davidse, Kristin, Lieven Vandelanotte & Hubert Cuyckens (eds). 2010. Subjectification, intersubjectification and grammaticalization. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton.

  • Du Bois, John W. 2007. The stance triangle. In Robert Engelbretson (ed.), Stancetaking in discourse, 139–182. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.

  • Duranti, Alessandro, 2010. Husserl, intersubjectivity and anthropology. Anthropological Theory 10(1). 1–20. [Web of Science]

  • Evans, Nicholas. 2005. View with a view: Towards a typology of multiple perspective. Berkeley Linguistics Society 31. 93–120.

  • Fleck, David W. 2007. Evidentiality and double tense in Matses. Language 83(3). 589–614. [Crossref] [Web of Science]

  • Fox, Barbara A., Sandra A. Thompson, Cecilia E. Ford & Elizabeth Couper-Kuhlen. 2013. Conversation analysis and linguistics. In Jack Sidnell & Tanya Stivers (eds), The handbook of conversation analysis, 726–740. Oxford: Blackwell.

  • Frawley, William. 1992. Linguistic semantics. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

  • Giles, Glenda. nd. A guide to the pronunciation of Duna and Duna language lessons. Manuscript held at SIL PNG, Ukarumpa.

  • Haley, Nicole C. 2002. Ipakana yakaiya: Mapping landscapes, mapping lives. PhD dissertation, The Australian National University.

  • Hanks, William. 2005. Explorations in the deictic field. Current Anthropology 46. 191–220. [Crossref]

  • Hardman, Martha J. 1986. Data-source marking in the Jaqi languages. In Wallace Chafe & Johanna Nichols (eds.), 113–136.

  • Hayashi, Makoto, Geoffrey Raymond & Jack Sidnell (eds.). 2013. Conversational repair and human understanding. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  • Hengeveld, Kees & Hella Olbertz. 2012. Didn’t you know? Mirativity does exist! Linguistic Typology 16(3). 487–503.

  • Heritage, John. 2012. Epistemics in action: Action formation and territories of knowledge. Research on Language and Social Interaction 45. 1–29. [Crossref] [Web of Science]

  • Jakobson, Roman. 1957. Shifters and verbal categories. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University, Dept. of Slavic Languages and Literatures. Reprinted in Linda R. Waugh & Monique Monville-Burston (eds.), 1990, On language, 386–392. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

  • Kockelman, Paul. 2004. Stance and subjectivity. Journal of Linguistic Anthroplogy 14(2). 127–50. [Crossref]

  • Landaburu, Jon. 2007. La modalisation du savoir en langue andoke (Amozonie Colombienne). In Zlatka Guéntcheva & Jon Landaburu (eds.), Enonciation médiatisée et modalité epistémique. Louvain: Peeters.

  • Levinson, Stephen C. 2012. Interrogative intimations: On a possible social economics of interrogatives. In Jan P. de Ruiter (ed.), Questions: Formal, functional and interactional perspectives, 11–32. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  • Lyons, J. 1982. Deixis and subjectivity: Loquor, ergo sum? In Robert J. Jarvella & Wolfgang Klein (eds.), Speech, place, and action: Studies in deixis and related topics, 101–124. Chichester and New York: John Wiley.

  • Madden, B. nd. [c.1960]. An introduction to Mendi grammar. Unpublished manuscript.

  • Mexas, Theocharis. 2013. Tracing mirativity in languages of the New Guinea Highlands. Paper presented at the Sixth Austronesian and Papuan Languages and Linguistics Conference, SOAS, London.

  • Molochieva, Zarina. 2006. Category of evidentiality and mirativity in Chechen. Handout from a paper presented at Languages of the Caucasus, 7-9 December, MPI EVA, Leipzig.

  • Nuyts, Jan. 2005. Modality: Overview and linguistic issues. In William Frawley (ed.), The expression of modality, 1–26. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

  • Rule, William M. (compiler). 1966. A grammatical description of the Duna (Yuna) language. Manuscript held at SIL PNG, Ukarumpa.

  • San Roque, Lila. 2008. An introduction to Duna grammar. PhD dissertation, The Australian National University.

  • San Roque, Lila & Robyn Loughane. 2012a. Inheritance, contact and change in the New Guinea Highlands evidentiality area. Language and Linguistics in Melanesia [Special Issue 2012 Part II]. 397–427.

  • San Roque, Lila & Robyn Loughane. 2012b. The New Guinea Highlands evidentiality area. Linguistic Typology 16. 111–167. [Web of Science]

  • San Roque, Lila, Simeon Floyd & Elisabeth Norcliffe. 2015. Evidentiality and interrogativity. Lingua. doi:10.1016/j.lingua.2014.11.003.

  • Schapper, Antoinette & Lila San Roque. 2011. Demonstratives and non-embedded nominalisations in three Papuan languages of the Timor-Alor-Pantar family. Studies in Language 35. 380–408. [Web of Science] [Crossref]

  • Sillitoe, Paul. 2010. Trust in development: Some implications of knowing in indigenous knowledge. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 16(1). 12–30. [Crossref]

  • Traugott, Elisabeth. 2010. (Inter)subjectivity and (inter)subjectification: A reassessment. In Kristin Davidse, Lieven Vandelanotte & Hubert Cuyckens (eds.), Subjectification, intersubjectification and grammaticalization, 29–71. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton.

  • Verhagen, Arie. 2008. Intersubjectivity and the architecture of the language system. In Jordan Zlatev, Timothy P. Racine, Chris Sinha & Esa Itkonen (eds.), The shared mind: Perspectives on intersubjectivity, 307–331. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.

  • Zariquiey Biondi, Roberto. 2011. A grammar of Kashibo-Kakataibo. PhD dissertation, La Trobe University.

About the article

Published Online: 2015-06-17

Published in Print: 2015-07-01

Citation Information: STUF - Language Typology and Universals, ISSN (Online) 2196-7148, ISSN (Print) 1867-8319, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/stuf-2015-0010. Export Citation

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in