Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

STUF - Language Typology and Universals

Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung

Editor-in-Chief: Stolz, Thomas

4 Issues per year

Cite Score 2016: 0.14

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.176
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.518

See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 68, Issue 2


(Inter)subjectivity in interaction: Investigating (inter)subjective meanings in Yurakaré conversational data

Sonja Gipper
  • Corresponding author
  • Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft, Institut für Linguistik, Universität zu Köln, 50923 Köln, Germany.
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2015-06-17 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/stuf-2015-0011


This paper investigates the interactional uses of the two Yurakaré (isolate, central Bolivia) epistemic modal markers and =ya ‘intersubjective’ and =laba ‘subjective’. While subjective =laba indicates a personal epistemic judgment of the speaker, intersubjective =ya conveys that the speaker expects the addressee to share the expressed epistemic judgment. The distributions of the two markers in interaction are argued to reflect their (inter)subjective meaning components. This demonstrates that conversational data provide important clues for investigating (inter)subjective meanings in language.

Keywords: conversation analysis; epistemic modality; interaction; shared perspective; Yurakaré


  • Bergqvist, Henrik. this volume. Epistemic marking and multiple perspective: An introduction.Google Scholar

  • Bergqvist, Henrik. 2013. Epistemic perspective in grammar: Theoretical and practical issues. Presentation at the Endangered Languages Week 2013 at SOAS, London, May 23, 2013,http://hrelp.org/events/elw2013/assets/bergqvist_workshop.pdf (October 17, 2014).

  • Evans, Nicholas. 2005. View with a view: Towards a typology of multiple perspective. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society 31(1). 93–120.Google Scholar

  • Gipper, Sonja. 2011. Evidentiality and intersubjectivity in Yurakaré: An interactional account. PhD dissertation, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.Google Scholar

  • Hayano, Kaoru. 2013. Territories of knowledge in Japanese conversation. PhD dissertation, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.Google Scholar

  • Heinemann, Trine, Anna Lindström & Jakob Steensig. 2011. Addressing epistemic incongruence in question-answer sequences through the use of epistemic adverbs. In Tanya Stivers, Lorenza Mondada & Jakob Steensig (eds.), The morality of knowledge in conversation, 107–130. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Heritage, John. 2002. Oh-prefaced responses to assessments: A method of modifying agreement/disagreement. In Cecilia Ford, Barbara Fox & Sandra Thompson (eds.), The language of turn and sequence, 196–224. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

  • Heritage, John. 2012. The epistemic engine: Sequence organization and territories of knowledge. Research on Language and Social Interaction 45. 30–52.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Heritage, John & Geoffrey Raymond. 2005. The terms of agreement: Indexing epistemic authority and subordination in assessment sequences. Social Psychology Quarterly 68. 15–38.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Hirtzel, Vincent. 2010. Le maître à deux têtes: Enquête sur le rapport à soi d’une population d’Amazonie bolivienne, les Yuracaré. PhD dissertation, École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Paris.Google Scholar

  • Mayer, Mercer. 1969. Frog, where are you? New York: Dial Books for Young Readers.Google Scholar

  • Pomerantz, Anita. 1984. Agreeing and disagreeing with assessments: Some feaqtures of preferred/dispreferred turn shapes. In J. Maxwell Atkinson & John Heritage (eds.), Stuctures of social action, 57–101. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Sacks, Harvey, Emanuel A. Schegloff & Gail Jefferson. 1974. A simplest systematics for the organization of turn-taking for conversation. Language 50. 696–735.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Schegloff, Emanuel A. 2007. Sequence organization in interaction: A primer in conversation analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Sidnell, Jack. 2010. Conversation analysis: An introduction. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar

  • Stivers, Tanya. 2005. Modified repeats: One method for asserting primary rights from second position. Research on Language and Social Interaction 38. 131–158.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • van Gijn, Rik. 2006. A grammar of Yurakaré. PhD dissertation, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.Google Scholar

  • van Gijn, Rik, Vincent Hirztel & Sonja Gipper. 2011. The Yurakaré archive. Online language documentation, DobeS Archive, MPI Nijmegen. Accessible at https://corpus1.mpi.nl (October 17, 2014).Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2015-06-17

Published in Print: 2015-07-01

Citation Information: STUF - Language Typology and Universals, Volume 68, Issue 2, Pages 211–232, ISSN (Online) 2196-7148, ISSN (Print) 1867-8319, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/stuf-2015-0011.

Export Citation

©2015 by De Gruyter Mouton. Copyright Clearance Center

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in