Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

STUF - Language Typology and Universals

Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung

Editor-in-Chief: Stolz, Thomas

4 Issues per year


Cite Score 2016: 0.14

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.176
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.518

Online
ISSN
2196-7148
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 70, Issue 2 (Jul 2017)

Issues

Some reflections on genetic relationship in a group of West African Niger-Congo languages

Bernd Heine
Published Online: 2017-07-14 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/stuf-2017-0014

Abstract

The linguistic history of the Ghana-Togo Mountain (GTM) languages, spoken in southeastern Ghana and the southern half of Togo, has been the subject of detailed research for more than a century. Nevertheless, there are still problems both with the external and the internal classification of the group. The present paper provides a state of the art overview of this research field. It is argued that linguistic reconstructions that can claim to provide credible hypotheses on genetic relationship patterns among languages are best based on the application of the comparative method.

Keywords: comparative method; GTM languages; method of resemblances; Proto-Buem

References 4

  • Bennett, Patrick R. & Jan P. Sterk. 1977. South Central Niger-Congo: A reclassification. Studies in African Linguistics 8. 241–273.Google Scholar

  • Blench, Roger. 2009. Do the Ghana-Togo mountain languages constitute a genetic group? Journal of West African Languages 36(1/2). 19–35.Google Scholar

  • Gil, B., A. F. Aryee & D. K. Ghansah. 1964. 1960 population census of Ghana. Special Report ‘E’: Tribes in Ghana. Accra: Census Office.Google Scholar

  • Greenberg, Joseph H. 1963. The languages of Africa. The Hague: Mouton for Indiana University.Google Scholar

  • Heine, Bernd. 1968. Die Verbreitung und Gliederung der Togorestsprachen. Berlin: Reimer.Google Scholar

  • Heine, Bernd. 1969. Die Konsonanten des Proto-Buem. Linguistics 52. 27–44.Google Scholar

  • Heine, Bernd & Tania Kuteva. 2001. Convergence and divergence in the development of African languages. In Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald & Robert M. W. Dixon (eds.), Areal diffusion and genetic inheritance. Problems in comparative linguistics, 393–411. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

  • Köhler, Oswin. 1953. Review of Westermann, D. and Bryan, M. A. 1952. Languages of West Africa. Afrika und Übersee 37. 187–190.Google Scholar

  • Kropp Dakubu, Mary Esther. 2009. Pushing back linguistic time in the Trans-Volta: Movement, assimilation and loss. Journal of West African Languages 36(1/2). 5–16.Google Scholar

  • Mukarovsky, Hans G. 1976–1977. A study of Western Nigritic, 2 volumes. Vienna: Institut für Ägyptologie und Afrikanistik, Universität Wien.Google Scholar

  • Recensement général de la population du Togo 1958–60. 2ème fascicule. Lome.Google Scholar

  • Rongier, Jacques. 1997. Langues autonomes du Togo, entre Gur et Kwa? Electronic manuscript.

  • Stewart, John M. 1989. Kwa. In John Bendor-Samuel (ed.), The Niger-Congo languages, 217–245. Lanham: University Press of America.Google Scholar

  • Westermann, Diedrich. 1927. Die westlichen Sudansprachen und ihre Beziehungen zum Bantu. Berlin: De Gruyter.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2017-07-14

Published in Print: 2017-07-26


Citation Information: STUF - Language Typology and Universals, ISSN (Online) 2196-7148, ISSN (Print) 1867-8319, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/stuf-2017-0014.

Export Citation

© 2017 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston. Copyright Clearance Center

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in