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tm - Technisches Messen

Plattform für Methoden, Systeme und Anwendungen der Messtechnik

[TM - Technical Measurement: A Platform for Methods, Systems, and Applications of Measurement Technology
]

Editor-in-Chief: Puente León, Fernando / Zagar, Bernhard


IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 0.594

CiteScore 2018: 0.54

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.261
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.563

Online
ISSN
2196-7113
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Volume 83, Issue 10

Issues

Setup of a large-scale test field for distributed soil gas sensors and testing of a monitoring method based on tomography

Aufbau eines großflächigen Testfeldes für verteilte Bodengassensorik und Untersuchung einer Monitoringmethode basierend auf Tomographie

Patrick P. Neumann
  • Corresponding author
  • Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM), Unter den Eichen 87, 12205 Berlin, Germany Germany
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Klaus-Dieter Werner
  • Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM), Unter den Eichen 87, 12205 Berlin, Germany Germany
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Sergej Petrov
  • Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM), Unter den Eichen 87, 12205 Berlin, Germany Germany
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Matthias Bartholmai
  • Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM), Unter den Eichen 87, 12205 Berlin, Germany Germany
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Detlef Lazik
  • Helmholtz Center for Environmental Research – UFZ, Theodor-Lieser-Str. 4, 06120 Halle (Saale), Germany Germany
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2016-10-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/teme-2016-0015

Abstract

A 400 m2 soil test field with gas injection system was built up for the purpose of large-scale validation, optimization, and characterization of a novel comprehensive monitoring method for underground gas storage areas. The method combines gas sensing technology with linear form factor for in-situ monitoring of gases in soil with the mapping capabilities of Computed Tomography (CT) to reconstruct time-series of gas distribution maps based on samples of orthogonally-aligned linear gas sensors. Several injection experiments with carbon dioxide (CO2) at different days with varying boundary conditions indicates the potential of the method for, e.g., rapid leakage detection with respect to Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) issues.

Zusammenfassung

Zur Validierung, Optimierung und praxisnahen Demonstration eines flächendeckenden Monitoringverfahrens für Untergrundgasspeichern wurde ein 400 m2 großes Testfeld mit Gasinjektionssystem auf dem BAM Testgelände Technische Sicherheit aufgebaut. Die Methode kombiniert verteilte, linienförmige Gassensorik für die In-situ-Überwachung von Gasen im Boden mit den Mapping-Fähigkeiten der Computertomographie (CT). Auf Basis von orthogonal zueinander ausgerichteten linearen Gassensoren können mit diesem Verfahren so Zeitreihen der Gasverteilung rekonstruiert werden. Experimente mit Kohlendioxid (CO2) zeigen das Potential des Verfahrens zur schnellen Lokalisierung von Leckagen auf.

Keywords: Soil test field; distributed linear sensor; membrane-based gas sensing; subsurface monitoring; gas storage areas; computed tomography

Schlagwörter: Testfeld; verteilte Sensorik; membranbasierte Gassensorik; Monitoring von Untergrundgasspeichern; Computertomographie

Acknowledgement

The authors thank all colleagues of BAM, UFZ, MeGaSen UG, and all external partners who support the project, particularly the buildup of the test site. Furthermore, the authors also express their gratitude to the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi) for funding the research (MNPQ Program; file number 17/11).

About the article

Patrick P. Neumann

Patrick P. Neumann is a scientist at Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM) in the division 8.1 Sensors, Measurement and Testing Methods, Germany, since 2008. He has a diploma degree (Dipl.-Inf.) in Computer Science from the Freie Universität Berlin, Germany. He graduated in the field of robotics (direction: mobile robot olfaction). His PhD thesis addresses gas source localization and gas distribution mapping with a micro UAV. His research interests include chemical sensing, remote sensing, sensor data fusion, and mobile robot olfaction.

Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM), Unter den Eichen 87, 12205 Berlin, Germany

Klaus-Dieter Werner

Klaus-Dieter Werner studied telecommunication engineering at the University of Applied Sciences (FHS) of the Deutsche Bundespost. Since 1979 he is staff member at the Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM). His field of activities includes the development, validation, and application of innovative measuring systems and sensor technologies.

Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM), Unter den Eichen 87, 12205 Berlin, Germany

Sergej Petrov

Sergej Petrov studied engineering sciences at the University of Applied Sciences (FHS) Brandenburg. From 2011 to 2015 he was staff member at the Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM).

Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM), Unter den Eichen 87, 12205 Berlin, Germany

Matthias Bartholmai

Matthias Bartholmai is senior scientist at Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM), and deputy head of the division 8.1 Sensors, Measurement and Testing Methods. He graduated in energy and process engineering at the Technical University of Berlin and received a PhD in the field of flame protection of polymers. His research interests include the development, validation, and application of innovative measuring systems and sensor technologies with focus on multisensor technologies, distributed sensing, and remote sensing.

Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM), Unter den Eichen 87, 12205 Berlin, Germany

Detlef Lazik

Detlef Lazik, geophysicist and hydrogeologist; 1982–1986 studies of Geophysics, 1986–1989 research study in environmental physics, Technical University Mining Academy Freiberg, 1989–1990 postgraduate study of Hydrogeology, Technical University of Dresden. Geophysicist Diploma in 1989, PhD 1990, hydrogeology degree “Groundwater” 1992. 1990–1992 postdoctoral research fellow at the GSF Neuherberg. Since 1992 he heads a Lab for Experimental Simulation in the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research – UFZ, investigated geodynamical/geochemical processes in soil and groundwater and developed various measurement techniques. During the last years he is still developing the new membrane-based gas sensor technology.

Helmholtz Center for Environmental Research – UFZ, Theodor-Lieser-Str. 4, 06120 Halle (Saale), Germany


Revised: 2016-07-08

Accepted: 2016-07-11

Received: 2016-05-30

Published Online: 2016-10-01

Published in Print: 2016-10-28


Citation Information: tm - Technisches Messen, Volume 83, Issue 10, Pages 606–615, ISSN (Online) 2196-7113, ISSN (Print) 0171-8096, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/teme-2016-0015.

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