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Text & Talk

An Interdisciplinary Journal of Language, Discourse & Communication Studies

Ed. by Sarangi, Srikant

6 Issues per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.448
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.686

CiteScore 2016: 0.63

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1860-7349
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Volume 27, Issue 3 (May 2007)

Issues

Folk notions of um and uh, you know, and like

Jean E Fox Tree
Published Online: 2007-06-05 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/TEXT.2007.012

Abstract

The current study measures laypeople's uses of um, uh, you know, and like, including folk notions of meanings, self-assessments of use, history of discussing use, and attitudes toward the words. Unlike the prevalent idea in the popular press that these discourse markers are interchangeable speaker production flaws, respondents in this study demonstrated that people do possess folk notions of meanings and uses that dramatically distinguish markers from each other. Um and uh were thought to indicate production trouble, you know was thought to be used in checking for understanding and connecting with listeners, and like defied definition. The folk notions of um, uh, and you know accord well with researchers' ideas about the meanings of these words. The use of like may be too subtle for laypeople to articulate. Most researchers' views of like involve some kind of discrepancy between what's said and what's meant. Even if they cannot state a meaning, people do treat the different markers differently.

Keywords: discourse markers; fillers; you know; like; spontaneous speech; meaning

About the article

Jean E Fox Tree

Jean E. Fox Tree is an Associate Professor of Psychology at the University of California Santa Cruz. She received her A.B. from Harvard University in linguistics, her M.Sc. from the University of Edinburgh in cognitive science, and her Ph.D. from Stanford University in psychology. She studies the comprehension and production of spontaneous speech.


*Address for correspondence: Psychology Department, Social Sciences II Room 277, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA


Published Online: 2007-06-05

Published in Print: 2007-05-23


Citation Information: Text & Talk - An Interdisciplinary Journal of Language, Discourse Communication Studies, ISSN (Online) 1860-7349, ISSN (Print) 1860-7330, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/TEXT.2007.012.

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Citing Articles

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[1]
Lieven Buysse
Journal of Pragmatics, 2017, Volume 121, Page 40
[2]
Charlyn M. Laserna, Yi-Tai Seih, and James W. Pennebaker
Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 2014, Volume 33, Number 3, Page 328
[3]
Jean E. Fox Tree
Discourse Studies, 2006, Volume 8, Number 6, Page 723
[4]
Jean E. Fox Tree, Sarah A. Mayer, and Teresa E. Betts
Journal of Educational Computing Research, 2011, Volume 45, Number 4, Page 455
[6]
Rob Voigt, Penelope Eckert, Dan Jurafsky, and Robert J. Podesva
Journal of Sociolinguistics, 2016, Volume 20, Number 5, Page 677
[7]
Amelia Joulain-Jay
ICAME Journal, 2016, Volume 40, Number 1
[8]
Kris Liu, Jackson Tolins, Jean E. Fox Tree, Michael Neff, and Marilyn A. Walker
IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing, 2016, Volume 7, Number 1, Page 94
[9]
ANNA GLADKOVA, ULLA VANHATALO, and CLIFF GODDARD
Applied Psycholinguistics, 2016, Volume 37, Number 04, Page 841
[10]
Andreas H. Jucker
Journal of Pragmatics, 2015, Volume 86, Page 63
[11]
Natalia Blackwell and Jean E. Fox Tree
Journal of Pragmatics, 2012, Volume 44, Number 10, Page 1150
[12]
Kris Liu and Jean E. Fox Tree
Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 2012, Volume 19, Number 5, Page 892
[13]
Kristin J. Froemming and Barbara A. Penington
International Journal of Listening, 2011, Volume 25, Number 3, Page 113
[14]
Johanna K. Lake, Karin R. Humphreys, and Shannon Cardy
Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 2011, Volume 18, Number 1, Page 135
[15]
Jean E. Fox Tree
Language and Linguistics Compass, 2010, Volume 4, Number 5, Page 269
[16]
JOANNE ARCIULI, DAVID MALLARD, and GINA VILLAR
Applied Psycholinguistics, 2010, Volume 31, Number 03, Page 397
[17]
GINA VILLAR, JOANNE ARCIULI, and DAVID MALLARD
Applied Psycholinguistics, 2012, Volume 33, Number 01, Page 83

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