Text & Talk
An Interdisciplinary Journal of Language, Discourse & Communication Studies
Ed. by Sarangi, Srikant
6 Issues per year
IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.448
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.686
CiteScore 2016: 0.63
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Stance and affect in conversation: On the interplay of sequential and phonetic resources
- Corresponding author
- John Local is Professor of Phonetics and Linguistics in the Department of Language and Linguistic Science at the University of York (UK).
- Gareth Walker is Lecturer in Linguistics in the School of English Literature, Language and Linguistics at the University of Sheffield.
Linguists, and other analysts of discourse, regularly make appeal to affectual states in determining the meaning of utterances. We examine two kinds of sequence that occur in everyday conversation. The first involves one participant making an explicit lexical formulation of a co-participant's affectual state (e.g., ‘you sound happy’, ‘don't sound so depressed’). The second involves responses to ‘positive informings’ and ‘negative informings’. Through consideration of sequential organization, participant orientation, and phonetic detail, we suggest that the attribution of analytic categories of affect is problematic. We argue that phonetic characteristics which might be thought to be associated with affect may better be accounted for with reference to the management of particular sequential-interactional tasks. The finding that stance does not inhere in any single turn at talk or any single linguistic aspect leads us to suggest that future investigations into stance and affect will need to pay attention simultaneously to matters of both linguistic-phonetic and sequential organization.
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