An Open Peer Review Journal
Editor-in-Chief: Krifka, Manfred
Ed. by Gärtner, Hans-Martin
IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 4.500
CiteScore 2018: 0.46
SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.233
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.337
The markedness constraints of classic Optimality Theory assign violation-marks to output candidates without reference to the input or to other candidates. This article explores an alternative conception of markedness: markedness constraints compare the candidate under evaluation with another candidate, the most faithful one. Comparative constraints distinguish two situations: the candidate under evaluation contains an instance of a marked structure that is also present in the fully faithful candidate; or it contains an instance of a marked structure that is not present in the fully faithful candidate. Empirical consequences of comparative markedness are explored, including grandfather effects, derived environment effects, non-iterating processes, and counter-feeding opacity. Comparative markedness is found to have some advantages and some disadvantages in comparison with classic OT and alternatives like local conjunction, stratal OT, sympathy, and targeted constraints.
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