Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Theoretical Linguistics

An Open Peer Review Journal

Editor-in-Chief: Krifka, Manfred

Ed. by Gärtner, Hans-Martin

4 Issues per year

IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 2.000
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 2.343

CiteScore 2017: 0.70

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.457
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 1.318

See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 44, Issue 1-2


Gradience, features and hierarchies

Ida Toivonen
  • Corresponding author
  • School of Linguistics and Language Studies and Institute of Cognitive Science, Carleton University, 1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa ON K1S 5B6, Canada
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2018-05-23 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/tl-2018-0008


  • Aarts, Bas. 2004. Modelling linguistic gradience. Studies in Language 28. 1–49.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Aissen, Judith. 2003. Differential object marking: Iconicity vs. economy. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 21. 435–483.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Bayanati, Shiva & Ida Toivonen. 2015. Human, animals, things and animacy features. Talk presented at Workshop on Animacy in Language and Cognition. Leeds, November 9.Google Scholar

  • Bayanati, Shiva & Ida Toivonen. under review. Human, animals, things and animacy features. Submitted to D. Nelson & V.A. Vihman (eds.), Open Linguistics special issue on ‘Effects of animacy in grammar and cognition’, to appear in 2018.Google Scholar

  • Bresnan, Joan & Tatiana Nikitina. 2009. The gradience of the dative alternation. In L. Uyechi & L.H. Wee (eds.), Reality exploration and discovery: Pattern interaction in language and life, 161–184. Stanford: CSLI Publications.Google Scholar

  • Croft, William. 1990. Typology and Universals. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Harley, Heidi & Elizabeth Ritter. 2002. Person and number in pronouns: A feature geometric approach. Language 78. 482–526.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Pollard, Carl & Ivan A. Sag. 1987. Information-Based Syntax and Semantics. Stanford: CSLI Publications.Google Scholar

  • Pollard, Carl & Ivan A. Sag. 1994. Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar. Stanford: CSLI Publications.Google Scholar

  • Silverstein, Michael. 1976. Hierarchy of features and ergativity. In R. Dixon (ed.), Grammatical Categories in Australian Languages, 112–172. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.Google Scholar

  • Yamamoto, Mutsumi. 1999. Animacy and Reference: A Cognitive Approach to Corpus Linguistics. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.Google Scholar

  • Zaenen, Annie, Jean Carletta, Gregory Garretson, Joan Bresnan, Andrew Koontz- Garboden, Tatiana Nikitina, Mary C. O’Connor & Tom Wasow. 2004. Animacy encoding in English: Why and how. In Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL’04), Workshop on Discourse Annotation, 118–125. Barcelona.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2018-05-23

Published in Print: 2018-05-25

Citation Information: Theoretical Linguistics, Volume 44, Issue 1-2, Pages 93–98, ISSN (Online) 1613-4060, ISSN (Print) 0301-4428, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/tl-2018-0008.

Export Citation

© 2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.Get Permission

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in